EVS PROJECT(Presentation ) on water pollution in rivers and Ganga Action plan. Group Members:- Abhilash Jangir (y10uc012) Yogesh Sharma,(y10uc366) Nikhil Malpani ,(y09uc257) Sumit kumar (y10uc332). Why rivers are getting polluted? Types of water pollution in rivers…..
on water pollution in rivers and Ganga Action plan
Industrial waste products disposed to a river and sea may contaminate the water.
The contamination in the environment around the Earth's surface can lead to Atmospheric Deposition. We have already seen Acid Rains in some parts of the world.
Sewage and Waste Water:-
The sewage is many big cities carry all the household wastes and Industrial wastes with it and dumps that into a river.
Apart from these there are many human activities that cause water pollution
If one can identify the exact source that causes the water pollution then we call it as Point Source Water pollution. As for example, pollution caused by the sewage of city can be considered as Point Source Pollution.
As the name suggests Non-Point Source Pollution is the exact opposite of Point Source Pollution. Here single source cannot be identified as the cause of water pollution. There may be many known and unknown sources that are causing the water pollution. But, one ca not pin point what all sources are responsible for the degradation of quality of water.
3. Surface Water Pollution:-
The contamination of surface water due to sewage, industrial wastes is called as Surface Water Pollution. The sources of surface water are rivers, lakes, seas, oceans etc. The sources of water that exists on the surface of the Earth called as Surface Water sources. If these sources are get polluted then such type of pollution is called as Surface Water Pollution.
4. Ground Water Pollution:-
As the name suggests ground water is the water that is in the heart of the Earth. They lay hundreds of feet below the surface of the Earth. The water of rain is absolved by the soil and lay beneath the ground. Ground water is used as drinking water in most of the parts of the world. If the ground water gets polluted then such pollution is known as Ground Water Pollution
- Acid rain
- Produced crops can be polluted as well
- Damage to the forests and trees
- Affect the animals that drink water in a river or lake
- Polluted water can cause diseases like cancer or heart complications.
Voice Of GANGA
Mai Ganga nikal Himalay se,
Dharti ki goad me bah rhi,
Dharti ko khushal mai kar rhi,
Na koi mera swarth…
Na koi meri ichchha..
Phir bhi mai bah rh.
Mai ganga nikal himalay se bah rhi……………….
Dekhi hai maine sabhytayein
Bante bigdate ..
Apne me dabaye baithi hun na
Jane raj kitne.
Jod rhi hun ateet ko vartman se..
Dharm ko dharm se…
Insaan ko insaan se,
Lekin na jane kyun aaj insaan
Apne swarth me mujhko bhool gya hai.
Mujhe mata ka darja dekar kyun bhool gya hai.
Kya mera ant hi mera bhavishay hai
Mai ganga aaj poochh rahi hun tumse……..
people of India. Ganga is a representative of all other rivers in India. Millions of Ganga devotees
and lovers still throng to the river just to have a holy dip. We Indians are raised to consider
Ganga as a goddess, as sacred.
Map of India Showing River Ganga
Ganga is a perennial river which originates as a stream called “Bhagirathi” from
Gaumukh in the Gangotri glacier at 30 ° 55' N, 79 ° 7' E, some 4100 m above mean sea
level. Ganga river basin is the largest among river basins in India and the fourth largest
in the world.
canals and alarmingly high volume of pollution pose an ever increasing threat to the health and
life of the river.
to acceptable standards by preventing the pollution load reaching the river.
river water quality to the 'Bathing Class' standard
which is as follows:
BOD 3 mg/l max. DO 5 mg/l min.
Total Coliform MPN 10,000/100 ml
Faecal Coliform MPN 2,500/100 ml
other related areas are the members of this Committee.
• Water quality monitoring system needs to be revamped.
• Governments should take preventive measures first which do not require funds.
• A Ganga Restoration Fund should be constituted.
• River bed farming, poaching of turtles, dolphins and fishing should be banned.
• No more colonization of Ganga land for urbanization and industrialization should be allowed.