Literacy Research in Indian Languages ( LiRIL ). Shailaja Menon & D D Karopady July 5, 2012. Literacy: a key goal of education. Not just end in itself, but means to most other learning. Significant literacy research done on English Language in the West.
Literacy Research in Indian Languages (LiRIL)
Shailaja Menon & D D Karopady
July 5, 2012
Literacy: a key goal of education.
Not just end in itself, but means to most other learning.
Significant literacy research done on English Language in the West.
LiRIL – Literacy Research in Indian Languages -- the first such research in India.
Reading scores for Indian students close to the bottom of the pile (PISA 2010).
~ 65% Grade 5 students in rural India cannot read Grade 2 text (ASER 2010).
Large-scale efforts to boost literacy skills like Akshara, Room to Read, etc.
- not based on empirical data of how children
learn to read and write in Indian languages &
- based on understandings generated in
Western contexts and in the English language.
Why Study Indian Languages/Contexts?
language instruction (Grades 1-5)
(7th All India School Education Survey).
English and other alphabetic scripts.
rule - bound, but pose own challenges.
Acquisition of Reading and Writing
Stages, Phases, Error Patterns, Developmental Norms, Predictors, Components
Teacher Beliefs and Knowledge
What do teachers need to know, to teach literacy effectively?
How do their beliefs impact instruction?
What kinds of instructional programs work best and why?
Foundation of Strong Literacy Programs
- Sociocultural/multilingual approaches: ignore skill level;
- Linguistic approaches: acultural, technical skills.
(Luke & Freebody, 1999)
Strategies, Attitudes, Values
Participation Structures &
Paradigmatic & Narrative Curriculum
Bi-annual tracking of 300-350 students
Analysis of Curricular Materials
2011-2012: Pilot Year1
- Assessment Battery (Kannada & Marathi, later Hindi)
- 7 aspects/sub-areas of literacy (bottom-up and
- Piloting on 240 students (120 per site, Grades 1-5).
- Coding and analysis ongoing.
2012-2013: Pilot Year 2
- Developing qualitative frames of reference
- Revising/refining assessments
2013-2016: Main Study Phase I (Grades 1-3)
2016-2018: Main Study Phase II (Grades 4-5)
Student Assessment Battery
- Concepts of print
- Akshara & maatra recognition
- Phonological awareness
- Word Decoding
- Passage Reading
- Spelling development
- Free writing
In-Depth Comprehension Assessments: Target Children
- literacy curriculum
- instructional practices
- student learning
each language (and other usable products).