The Enlightenment Ideas of Democracy. Annotated Timeline Covering Self-Government. Governments House of Burgesses Parliament Glorious Revolution Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Iroquois Confederation Albany Plan of Union. Documents Magna Carta Mayflower Compact
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English Bill of Rights
Fundamental Orders of Conn.
Virginia House of Burgesses
Salem Witch Trials
By the 14th Century, Courts in England were referring to similar past cases and following the previous decision of judges.
Precedents = previous cases that establish a ruling.
We now do the same thing.
First represented democracy or elected legislative body in the New World.
Was the pathway to a representative democracy in the United States.
On the way to the New World, the Pilgrims all signed a compact (Social Contract)agreeing that they all would participate in the lawmaking decisions (Direct Democracy). This led to the town meeting, mainly in New England, and direct participation that still exist in the Northeastern United States.
Believed in the Social Contract between the government and the people
Believed that men had natural rights and should be allowed to govern themselves.
Believed that government should be divided into 3 components – legislative, executive and judicial
Led by Thomas Hooker, the settlers of Connecticut drew up the first successful written Constitution of modern times. It permitted all land owning males to elect a legislature, which in turn would choose a governor. This implied that the government’s power came from the people (consent of the governed) and should express the will of the majority.