The enlightenment ideas of democracy
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The Enlightenment Ideas of Democracy. Annotated Timeline Covering Self-Government. Governments House of Burgesses Parliament Glorious Revolution Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Iroquois Confederation Albany Plan of Union. Documents Magna Carta Mayflower Compact

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The Enlightenment Ideas of Democracy

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The enlightenment ideas of democracy

The Enlightenment Ideas of Democracy


Annotated timeline covering self government

Annotated Timeline CoveringSelf-Government

  • Governments

  • House of Burgesses

  • Parliament

  • Glorious Revolution

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Iroquois Confederation

  • Albany Plan of Union

  • Documents

  • Magna Carta

  • Mayflower Compact

  • English Bill of Rights

  • Events

  • Salem Witch Trials

  • Town Meeting

  • Philosophy

  • Social Contract Theory

  • Common Law

  • The Enlightenment

  • Natural Rights

  • People

  • Thomas Hobbs

  • John Locke

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • Baron de Montesquieu


Self government timeline

Self Government Timeline

1600

1700

1215

1300’s

1619-20

1638

1688-92

1720

The Enlightenment


Self government timeline1

Self Government Timeline

1600

1700

1215

1300’s

1619-20

1638

1688-92

1720

The Enlightenment

Common Law

English Bill of Rights

Fundamental Orders of Conn.

Glorious Revolution

Virginia House of Burgesses

Magna

Carta

Iroquois Confederation

Mayflower Compact

Parliament

Salem Witch Trials


Magna carta

  • Signed in 1215

  • The first time the King was not above the law.

    • Rule of Law = the idea that every citizen is under the law.

  • The first time the people were recognized with some rights. These rights came from the document the citizens forced the King to sign called the English Bill of Rights.

  • Magna Carta


    Development of parliament

    • Created the 1300’s.

    • The English Legislature.

      • Legislature = A group of people who make laws.

  • Because English people began to get to make laws, the colonist wanted the same thing.

  • Development of Parliament


    Common law

    By the 14th Century, Courts in England were referring to similar past cases and following the previous decision of judges.

    Precedents = previous cases that establish a ruling.

    We now do the same thing.

    Common Law


    House of burgesses

    Jamestown, Va.1619

    First represented democracy or elected legislative body in the New World.

    Was the pathway to a representative democracy in the United States.

    House of Burgesses


    Mayflower compact

    Plymouth, Mass.1620

    On the way to the New World, the Pilgrims all signed a compact (Social Contract)agreeing that they all would participate in the lawmaking decisions (Direct Democracy). This led to the town meeting, mainly in New England, and direct participation that still exist in the Northeastern United States.

    Mayflower Compact


    Salem witch trials

    Salem Witch Trials

    • Feb 1692 Mass.

    • Salem girls accuse African girl of witchcraft.

    • Puritans fearful of death and Indians so hysteria set in.

    • Name others to save yourself.

      • Accused the governor’s wife.

      • 9 hanged, 150 imprisoned.


    The enlightenment period

    The Enlightenment Period

    Locke

    Montesquieu

    Rousseau

    Believed in the Social Contract between the government and the people

    Believed that men had natural rights and should be allowed to govern themselves.

    Believed that government should be divided into 3 components – legislative, executive and judicial


    English bill of rights

    • Document giving the English people certain rights not previously acknowledged by the government.

    • It provided that the monarch (king or queen) could not…

      • Levy taxes

      • Maintain an army

      • Interfere with elections or debates

      • Take away the right to petition the govn’t

      • Take away the right to a speedy, impartial trial

      • Give excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishment.

    English Bill of Rights


    Iroquois confederation

    Iroquois Confederation

    • Great Council, an unbiased 3rd party made decisions for 2 parties were arguing.

    • Representative Gov’t- Chiefs from 6 tribes made decisions for whole group, representation.


    Fundamental orders of connecticut

    Led by Thomas Hooker, the settlers of Connecticut drew up the first successful written Constitution of modern times. It permitted all land owning males to elect a legislature, which in turn would choose a governor. This implied that the government’s power came from the people (consent of the governed) and should express the will of the majority.

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut


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