A Challenge: Modeling the Dynamics of the Inter-domain Routing in the Internet. Timothy G. Griffin Matthew Roughan Computer Laboratory School of Mathematical Sciences University of Cambridge University of Adelaide, Australia
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A Challenge:Modeling the Dynamics of the Inter-domain Routing in the Internet
Timothy G. Griffin Matthew Roughan
Computer Laboratory School of Mathematical Sciences
University of Cambridge University of Adelaide, Australia
Mathematics for Networks Workshop
March 23 2005
EGP (= BGP)
IGP = Interior Gateway Protocol
Metric based: OSPF, IS-IS, RIP,
EGP = Exterior Gateway Protocol
Policy based: BGP
The Routing Domain of BGP is the entire Internet
Establish session on
TCP port 179
is ALIVE exchange
route UPDATE messages
Jan 11, 2005
Thanks to Geoff Huston: http://www.potaroo.net/
Jan 11, 2005
From AS 4637: Reach Network
rrc00.ripe.net at RIPE NCC, Amsterdam, collects default free routing updates from peers. From October 1999.
rrc01.ripe.net at LINX, London. Collects route updates announced by LINX members. From July 2000.
rrc02.ripe.net at SFINX, Paris. Collects route updates announced by SFINX members . From March 2001.
rrc03.ripe.net at AMS-IX, Amsterdam. Collects route updates announced by AMS-IX members. From January 2001.
rrc04.ripe.net at CIXP, Geneva. Collects route updates announced by CIXP members. From April 2001.
rrc05.ripe.net at VIX, Vienna. Collects route updates announced by VIX members. From June 2001.
rrc06.ripe.net at Otemachi, Japan. Collects route updates announced by JPIX members. From August 2001.
rrc07.ripe.net in Stockholm, Sweden. Collects route updates announced by the NETNOD members. From April 2002.
rrc08.ripe.net at San Jose (CA), USA. Collects route updates announced by the MAE-WEST members. From May 2002.
rrc09.ripe.net at Zurich, Switzerland. Collected route updates announced by the TIX members. From May 2003 to until early Feb 2004.
rrc10.ripe.net at Milan, Italy. Collects route updates announced by the MIX members. From Nov 2003.
rrc11.ripe.net at New York (NY), USA. Collects route updates announced by the NYIIX members. From Feb 2004.
rrc12.ripe.net at Frankfurt, Germany. Collects route updates announced by the DE-CIX members. From Jul 2004.
AOL (NoVa) 18.104.22.168 through AS1668
APAN (tpr2-tokyo) 22.214.171.124 through AS7660
ATT (SFO) 126.96.36.199 through AS7018
Abilene (Indiana) 188.8.131.52 through AS11537
Accretive (PAO) 184.108.40.206 through AS11608
Accretive (SEA) 220.127.116.11 through AS11608
Army Research Lab 18.104.22.168 through AS13
Broadwing (ADDS) 22.214.171.124 through AS6395
Broadwing (MAE-EAST) 126.96.36.199 through AS6395
Broadwing (MAE-WEST) 188.8.131.52 through AS6395
C&W USA (Santa Clara) 184.108.40.206 through AS3561
COMindico (AU) 220.127.116.11 through AS9942
Carrier1 (NYC) 18.104.22.168 through AS8918
EBONE (EU) 22.214.171.124 through AS1755
ELI (MAE-EAST) 126.96.36.199 through AS5650
ELI (MAE-WEST) 188.8.131.52 through AS5650
EPOCH (PAIX) 184.108.40.206 through AS4565
ESnet (GA) 220.127.116.11 through AS293
France Telecom (NYC) 18.104.22.168 through AS5511
GLOBIX (LINX) 22.214.171.124 through AS4513
GLOBIX (New York) 126.96.36.199 through AS4513
GLOBIX (Chicago) 188.8.131.52 through AS4513
GLOBIX (Palo Alto) 184.108.40.206 through AS4513
GT Group Tel (Toronto,CA) 220.127.116.11 through AS6539
Genuity (Palo Alto) 18.104.22.168 through AS1
GlobalCrossing (PAIX) 22.214.171.124 through AS3549
IAGnet (Chicago) 126.96.36.199 through AS267
IIJ (Japan) 188.8.131.52 through AS2497
ISC (Palo Alto) 184.108.40.206 through AS3557
Intermedia (MAE-EAST) 220.127.116.11 through AS2548
JINX (Johannesburg) 18.104.22.168 through AS2905
Jippii (ESPANIX/Spain) 22.214.171.124 through AS8782
LINX (London) 126.96.36.199 through AS5459
Level3 (Denver) 188.8.131.52 through AS3356
MFN/AboveNet (MAE-WEST) 184.108.40.206 through AS6461
MFS/MAE-lab (San Jose) 220.127.116.11 through AS6066
Nacamar (Frankfurt) 18.104.22.168 through AS3257
Netrail (MAE-WEST) 22.214.171.124 through AS4006
Port80 (Stockholm) 126.96.36.199 through AS16150
RCN (PAIX) 188.8.131.52 through AS6079
RCN (VA) 184.108.40.206 through AS6079
RIPE NCC (Amsterdam) 220.127.116.11 through AS3333
STARTAP (Chicago) 18.104.22.168 through AS10764
Sprint (Stockton) 22.214.171.124 through AS1239
Telefonica (New York) 126.96.36.199 through AS12956
Teleglobe (London,UK) 188.8.131.52 through AS8297
Teleglobe (PAIX) 184.108.40.206 through AS6453
Telstra (Sydney,AU) 220.127.116.11 through AS1221
TELUS (Toronto) 18.104.22.168 through AS852
TouchAmerica () 22.214.171.124 through AS19092
Verio () 126.96.36.199 through AS2914
Verio () 188.8.131.52 through AS2914
WCI Cable (Hillboro, OR) 184.108.40.206 through AS14608
Williams (San Francisco) 220.127.116.11 through AS7911
Williams (San Francisco) 18.104.22.168 through AS7911
X0 (Bay Area) 22.214.171.124 through AS2828
Zocalo (Berkeley) 126.96.36.199 through AS715
blackrose.org (Ann Arbor) 188.8.131.52 through AS234
netINS (Des Moines) 184.108.40.206 through AS5056
Many streams since 2001
route_btoa translates binary to ASCII
Data from rrc01.ripe.net (LINX, London)
Can we develop rigorous stochastic models for
Thanks to Abha Ahuja and Craig Labovit for this plot.
Real-time Global Routing Metrics
What is the sound of one route flapping?