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The Other Half…. Thurs. Nov. 18, 2010 U.S. History Paulson. Spark# 3. 1. Have you ever been so shocked, so mad, so upset about something, that you just had to respond? What was it? And what did you do? Watch the following clip: 2. List 3 characteristics of life in the tenements.

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The Other Half…

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The other half

The Other Half…

Thurs. Nov. 18, 2010

U.S. History

Paulson


Spark 3

Spark# 3

1. Have you ever been so shocked, so mad, so upset about something, that you just had to respond? What was it? And what did you do?

Watch the following clip:

2. List 3 characteristics of life in the tenements.

3. What aspect of their lives shocked you the most?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EACoIbokOcc&feature=related&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1


The gilded age

The “Gilded” Age

  • "What is the chief end of man?--to get rich. In what way?--dishonestly if we can; honestly if we must."-- Mark Twain-1871

  • Mark Twain called the late nineteenth century the "Gilded Age." Why did he sarcastly give it this name?

  • By this, he meant that the period was glittering (gilded) on the surface but corrupt underneath. In the popular view, the late nineteenth century was a period of prosperity, invention, and advancements, but it was also a time of greed and guile: of rapacious Robber Barons, unscrupulous speculators, and corporate buccaneers, of shady business practices, scandal-plagued politics, and vulgar display.


How the other half lives

How the Other Half Lives…

  • "Long ago it was said that 'one half of the world does not know how the other half lives.' That was true then. It did not know because it did not care. The half that was on top cared little for the struggles, and less for the fate, of those who were underneath, so long as it was able to hold them there and keep its own seat." 

    • Riis wrote How the Other Half Lives to call attention to the living conditions of more than half of New York City's residents. He described the cheap construction of the tenements, the high rents, and the absentee landlords. He lamented the city's ineffectual laws and urged private enterprise to provide funding to remodel existing tenements or build new tenements.


Population boom

Population boom

  • 1880-1920: 11 million Americans move from farms to cities

  • During same time, millions immigrate from other countries

  • Neighborhoods swell, overcrowd, slums and tenements built out of necessity AND profit


How the other half lives1

How The Other Half Lives

  • Groups

  • 4 “perspectives”

    1. Rocky/Carny

    2. Citizen in favor of reform

    3. Tenement landlord

    4. Poor recent immigrant


The other half

  • Bandit's Roost,59 1/2 Mulberry Streetc. 1888

  • 1.


Home of an italian ragpicker 1888

Home of an Italian Ragpicker1888

  • 2.


Mullen s alley cherry hill 1888

Mullen's Alley, Cherry Hill1888

  • 3.


Five cents lodging bayard street c 1889

Five Cents Lodging, Bayard Streetc. 1889

  • 4.


Basement of a pub in mulberry bend at 3 00 am 5 c 1890

Basement of a Pub in Mulberry-Bend at 3:00 am 5. c. 1890


A black and tan dive in africa c 1890

A Black-and-Tan Dive in "Africa"c. 1890

  • 6.


Blind beggar c 1890

Blind Beggarc. 1890

  • 7.


A downtown morgue unlicensed saloon c 1890

A downtown "Morgue" (unlicensed saloon)c. 1890

  • 8.


Police station lodger a plank for a bed c 1890

Police Station Lodger, A Plank for a Bedc. 1890

9.


The other half

10.

  • Mulberry Street Police Station-Waiting for the Lodging to Openc. 1892


Women s lodging room in the west 47th street station c 1892

Women's Lodging Room in the West 47th Street Stationc. 1892

  • 11


The other half

12.

  • Men's Lodging Room in the West 47th Street Stationc. 1892


Mulberry bend c 1896

Mulberry Bendc. 1896

  • 13.


The gilded age1

The Gilded Age

Friday Nov. 19, 2010 /// US History ///Mr. Paulson


Spark 4

Spark # 4

  • 1. Take a guess, what do you think was the result of Jacob Riis’ groundbreaking photojournalism and book, “How the other half lives?”

  • 2. What was the basis of Charles Darwin’s theory of “evolution” and “natural selection?”

  • 3. Considering what you know about the Gilded Age and it’s business practices/workers problems, how might Darwin’s ideas be connected to labor and business?


The gilded age2

The “Gilded” Age

  • "What is the chief end of man?--to get rich. In what way?--dishonestly if we can; honestly if we must."-- Mark Twain-1871

  • Mark Twain called the late nineteenth century the "Gilded Age." Why did he sarcasticly give it this name?

  • By this, he meant that the period was glittering (gilded) on the surface but corrupt underneath. In the popular view, the late nineteenth century was a period of prosperity, invention, and advancements, but it was also a time of greed and guile: of rapacious Robber Barons, unscrupulous speculators, and corporate buccaneers, of shady business practices, scandal-plagued politics, and vulgar display.


How the other half lives2

How the Other Half Lives…

  • "Long ago it was said that 'one half of the world does not know how the other half lives.' That was true then. It did not know because it did not care. The half that was on top cared little for the struggles, and less for the fate, of those who were underneath, so long as it was able to hold them there and keep its own seat." 

    • Riis wrote How the Other Half Lives to call attention to the living conditions of more than half of New York City's residents. He described the cheap construction of the tenements, the high rents, and the absentee landlords. He lamented the city's ineffectual laws and urged private enterprise to provide funding to remodel existing tenements or build new tenements.


Impact of j acob riis

Impact of Jacob Riis

  • Lecture tour with his book/photos in NYC

  • Many of NYC’s wealthier citizens agreed that something had to be done

  • As a result of his work, NY state passed the nation’s first meaningful tenement reform laws!!

  • Leads to the PROGRESSIVE era!!


Social darwinism

Social Darwinism

  • Natural Selection-only the strong survive---and they WILL survive!

  • Government should STAY OUT of business and labor disputes

  • Strongest workers will survive NO MATTER what the conditions---and this will make the economy and the nation stronger

  • Those most fit survive and get RICH!!


American industrial revolution

American Industrial Revolution

  • Vid clip and film notes

  • Then “Gilded Age” clip-no film notes 6:02-9:02


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