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Presentation Transcript
slide1

8/29/2011Objectives:Distinguish that homogenous mixtures are solutions and heterogeneous mixtures are colloids or suspensions.Interpret and create models (words or pictures) that represent atoms, molecules, elements, compounds, and mixtures at the particle level.Catalyst:Convert the following: 1. 0.25 km to nm2. 7.3 cL to L

drawing atoms
Drawing Atoms
  • Atoms are the smallest unit of matter
  • They are too small to see except with the most powerful microscopes, so we draw them to help us understand
drawing molecules
Drawing molecules
  • Molecules are groups of atoms that are joined together
  • These atoms can be of the same or different elements
substances
Substances
  • All molecules are the same
    • Element: all atoms are the same
    • Compound: there are different atoms within the molecule, but each molecule is the same
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element

This molecule is 2 atoms joined together but we don’t call it “2 atoms joined together” we say it is one molecule

compound

This molecules is 4 atoms of two different types joined together to make a compound

pure substances include
Pure substances include:
  • Elements are found on the periodic table
    • Some elements are: iron, gold, silver, aluminum, and carbon
  • Compounds are bonded groups of atoms
    • some basic compounds are: Carbon monoxide (CO), and carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
mixtures
Mixtures
  • Molecules are not all the same
element vs compounds vs mixtures
Element vs.Compounds vs. mixtures

ElementCompoundMixture

Single atom two different two or more

Or group of atoms joined molecule types

Same atoms *heterogenous

(looks different throughout)

*homogenous (looks the same throughout)

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Many things we experience are mixtures of elements and compounds:

  • Heterogenous:
    • Coke (bubbles)
    • Milk (globs of fat)
    • Chocolate chip cookies (chocolate chips)
  • Homogenous:
    • Kool-Aid
    • The air
    • Vinegar
homogenous v h eterogenous
Homogenous v. Heterogenous

Atoms/Molecules evenly spread throughout

Atoms/Molecules separated or “clumped”

slide20

atoms of one Element

Atoms of the same Element

(Gas)

(Solid)

slide21

Another element

A mixture of two elements

This one likes to go round in pairs as a gas (molecules)

slide22

This is not a mixture, it is a COMPOUND of two elements

This is just a mixture of two elements

definitions
Definitions
  • Matter – anything that occupies space and has mass
  • Physical properties – properties that can be observed and measured without changing the chemical makeup of the substance
  • Density – mass of material within a given volume
  • Aqueous solution – a solution in which something is dissolved in water.
definitions1
Definitions
  • Mixture – combination of substances in which each substance retains its individual properties
  • Suspension – a mixture containing large, dispersed solid particles that can settle out or be separated by filtration
  • Colloid – a mixture containing solid particles small enough to remain suspended and not settle out
  • Tyndall effect – the scattering of a beam of light caused by reflection from suspended particles
definitions2
Definitions
  • Solution – a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
  • Solvent – the thing doing the dissolving
  • Solute – the thing getting dissolved
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