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Sufis = “ woolly ones ” = Muslim mystics zuhd = ascetic piety Hasan of Basra (d. 728) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Sufis = “ woolly ones ” = Muslim mystics zuhd = ascetic piety Hasan of Basra (d. 728) Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855) wali = friend (of God). Sufi Methods and Characteristics. Retirement from world and meditation Spiritual orientation for life incl. disregard

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Sufis = “ woolly ones ” = Muslim mystics zuhd = ascetic piety Hasan of Basra (d. 728)

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Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Sufis = “woolly ones” = Muslim mystics

zuhd = ascetic piety

Hasan of Basra (d. 728)

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855)

wali = friend (of God)


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Sufi Methods and Characteristics

Retirement from world and meditation

Spiritual orientation for life incl. disregard

for others’ views of Sufi, trust in God,

living only in moment, not taking

opportunities that were not clearly

divine blessings

Sought to love God for Himself alone

Ascetic lifestyle


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

salat (ritual prayer)

al-Haqq (the Truth,

that which is right)


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

al-Bistami (d. 874)

al-Junayd (d. 910)

fana’ (passing away)baqa’ (continuance)

al-Hallaj (d. 922)

“ana al-haqq” = “I am the Truth”


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

maqam = level of training or growth

hal = “state” i.e. transitory experience

seen as gift from God

shaykh/pir = Sufi master

dhikr = chanting of ritual phrases to

attain mystical state

sama’ = listening to music or poetry

composed for God


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Farid al-Din Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ‘Attar

Persian mystical poet, pharmacist and doctor

b. 1119, d. betw. 1190 and 1230

Wrote variety of poetic and prose works on

various themes, incl. epic tales & relation

of individual to God, esp. from mystical

perspective

Tadhkirat al-Awliya - book of biographies of

Muslim saints and mystics


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Hasan of Basra (642-728)

Former soldier turned mystic. Respected moral

teacher

Got into periodic trouble with rulers because

was critical of them

Advocate of purity of intention in religious

observance


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Rabi‘a al-Adawiyya (d. betw. 752 and 801)

Lived in Basra from early age, but buried

outside Jerusalem

Extended Hasan’s ideas on purity of intention,

especially with regard to purity of intent

in individual’s love for God


Sufis woolly ones muslim mystics zuhd ascetic piety hasan of basra d 728

Al-Hallaj (c. 858-922)

Originally from Fars in Persia. Travelled

widely, incl. many years as missionary.

Eventually settled in Baghdad

Had reputation as miracle-worker that gained

him large following

Insisted that religious rituals were of secondary

importance to their inner meaning and

inner piety

Executed after accused of claiming to be God


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