Chapter 5 - Phrases
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Chapter 5 - Phrases. What is a phrase? How is it different than a clause?. Prepositional Phrases - Adjective Phrases. can be two in a row - pay attention to what it modifies Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitive?. Did you go to the store?.

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Chapter 5 - Phrases

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Chapter 5 phrases

Chapter 5 - Phrases

What is a phrase? How is it different than a clause?


Chapter 5 phrases

Prepositional Phrases - Adjective Phrases

can be two in a row - pay attention to what it modifies

Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitive?

Did you go to the store?

http://quizlet.com/7898658/infinitives-and-to-prepositional-phrases-flash-cards/


Chapter 5 phrases

at dusk

we went inside

to eat dinner

Adverb Phrases

Answer the Questions:

When, where, how, why, how often, how long?

Can be:

1. in different locations

2. more than one modifying the same word.

3. may be followed by an adjective phrase modifying its OP.

She drove for hours through the storm.

The boat landed on an island near the coast.


Chapter 5 phrases

VERBALS

2 Kinds:

PARTICIPLES and INFINITIVES

definition: word that is formed from a verb but is used as (N, Adj, Adv.)

act as adjectives

Participles -

Present - end in -ING

Past - end in -ED


Chapter 5 phrases

Participles - Identification

PAST

PRESENT

dodging

scared

scared

burning

kicked

trained

singing

burned

running

knocked

screaming

frustrating

jumping


Chapter 5 phrases

Participles

-known, chosen, fallen


Chapter 5 phrases

THE PARTICIPLE CAN NOT INCLUDE THE MAIN VERB!

cross it out! - It helps!

The walking shoes were too small for the boy.

The soldier chosen for his bravery won an award.

http://aformlarocque.weebly.com/english-blog.html


Chapter 5 phrases

INFINITIVES (another kind of verbal) - another type of Cool Whip!

reminder - let's look at prepositions that have "to" - TO THE STORE

Infinitives - can act as adjectives, nouns, or adverbs


Chapter 5 phrases

SPOTTING INFINITIVE PHRASES

Seeing all the words that modify the infinitive.

To be a good gymnast takes hard work.

The first person to fly to the North Pole was Richard Byrd.

Are you ready to go to the gym now?

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Chapter 5 phrases

Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitives

to have a good time

to the store

to say goodbye

to the dance

to run for president

to the gym

to make a cake


Chapter 5 phrases

THE INFINITIVE PHRASE

The infinitive phrase begins with the word to. The phrase consists of to, the infinitive (always a verb), its complements, and its modifiers.

Ex. Tim wants to be a lawyer. (The infinitive phrase is the object of wants.)

To win at chess requires much concentration. (The infinitive phrase is the subject.)

Mary was glad to be invited to the party. (The infinitive phrase modifies the adjective glad.)

phrase_infinitive.pdf


Chapter 5 phrases

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPfU6LsnPno

What is an appositive?

Modified nouns or pronouns placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify it or describe it

Noun

words describing the noun in more detail

Roger, the furry bunny, ....

My friend Nick


Chapter 5 phrases

appositives - the hint to remember:

appositive phrases have no verbals or verbs - this makes them a unique type of phrase

essential appositives require no commas

non-essential appositives require commas

essential - My best friend John is an artist.

non - essential - Maine, the most northern east coast state, is cold most of the year.


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