Chapter 5 - Phrases. What is a phrase? How is it different than a clause?. Prepositional Phrases - Adjective Phrases. can be two in a row - pay attention to what it modifies Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitive?. Did you go to the store?.
Chapter 5 - Phrases
What is a phrase? How is it different than a clause?
Prepositional Phrases - Adjective Phrases
can be two in a row - pay attention to what it modifies
Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitive?
Did you go to the store?
we went inside
to eat dinner
Answer the Questions:
When, where, how, why, how often, how long?
1. in different locations
2. more than one modifying the same word.
3. may be followed by an adjective phrase modifying its OP.
She drove for hours through the storm.
The boat landed on an island near the coast.
PARTICIPLES and INFINITIVES
definition: word that is formed from a verb but is used as (N, Adj, Adv.)
act as adjectives
Present - end in -ING
Past - end in -ED
Participles - Identification
-known, chosen, fallen
THE PARTICIPLE CAN NOT INCLUDE THE MAIN VERB!
cross it out! - It helps!
The walking shoes were too small for the boy.
The soldier chosen for his bravery won an award.
INFINITIVES (another kind of verbal) - another type of Cool Whip!
reminder - let's look at prepositions that have "to" - TO THE STORE
Infinitives - can act as adjectives, nouns, or adverbs
SPOTTING INFINITIVE PHRASES
Seeing all the words that modify the infinitive.
To be a good gymnast takes hard work.
The first person to fly to the North Pole was Richard Byrd.
Are you ready to go to the gym now?
Prepositional Phrase vs. Infinitives
to have a good time
to the store
to say goodbye
to the dance
to run for president
to the gym
to make a cake
THE INFINITIVE PHRASE
The infinitive phrase begins with the word to. The phrase consists of to, the infinitive (always a verb), its complements, and its modifiers.
Ex. Tim wants to be a lawyer. (The infinitive phrase is the object of wants.)
To win at chess requires much concentration. (The infinitive phrase is the subject.)
Mary was glad to be invited to the party. (The infinitive phrase modifies the adjective glad.)
What is an appositive?
Modified nouns or pronouns placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify it or describe it
words describing the noun in more detail
Roger, the furry bunny, ....
My friend Nick
appositives - the hint to remember:
appositive phrases have no verbals or verbs - this makes them a unique type of phrase
essential appositives require no commas
non-essential appositives require commas
essential - My best friend John is an artist.
non - essential - Maine, the most northern east coast state, is cold most of the year.