RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM Impact on SRHR of Women & Young People in Asia-Pacific Region ~ Ratna Osman ~ Sisters in Islam ARROW Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting Kuala Lumpur 2 – 4 May 2012. Empowering voices for change. Religious Extremism. What is Religious Extremism?.
RELIGIOUS EXTREMISMImpact on SRHR of Women & Young People in Asia-Pacific Region~ Ratna Osman ~Sisters in IslamARROW Asia-Pacific Regional MeetingKuala Lumpur2 – 4 May 2012
Empowering voices for change
American Protestants in 20th century to distinguish from
‘liberal’ Protestants; from distortion of Christian faith
M * Embattled forms of spirituality
* Enemies secularist policies; war between between good and evil
* Fear of annihilation selective doctrines doctrines & past practices
* Creating a counterculture to avoid
(Marty & Appleby)
ARROW: Religious Extremism is an obstacle
(Prof Norani Othman)
protection of chastity were lauded as
courageous eg. women who committed
suicide to escape from Muslim invaders
or practice of ‘sati’.
texts on women divorce, abortion
on women when it started
2,500 years ago
born a woman is a result of bad
karma and is a misfortune.
the female body
the reproductive lives of women.
state and government officers –
inclined to accept fundamentalist
perspective as representative of
(Kissling & Sippel)
AWID Global survey 2008 - Most influential actors
of religious extremism are perceived to be:
AWID Global survey 2008 - Most negative
impacts of religious extremism identified by the
women activists are:
(Prof Norani Othman)
Sexual & Gender based Violence
2. Honour Killing/Honour Crimes
UNHCR report – young men and
LGBTIQ community suffer the same.
3. Virginity Test
4. Strict dress-code (Hijab)
Cases in Malaysia and Indonesia
5. Child Marriage
Classical interpretation of Shari’ah – puberty as the sign of
maturity. UNICEF report – still practised in South Asia,
Some marriages pre-puberty.
UNICEF report 2011 – child
marriage taking place between
15 to below 18.
turning personal religious
obligations into legal obligations
and 3 Muslim women whipped
(2010); attacks on Sisters in Islam
Family Laws & State Policies