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Lyceum. Name of the Greek building where Aristotle taught Institution for education—lectures, concerts, etc. Gymnasium—European roots—a classical prep school; Greek youths met for physical education and discussion. The American Renaissance.

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Lyceum
Lyceum

  • Name of the Greek building where Aristotle taught

  • Institution for education—lectures, concerts, etc.

  • Gymnasium—European roots—a classical prep school; Greek youths met for physical education and discussion


The american renaissance

The American Renaissance

Not literally a rebirth but a cultural maturity.



Henry david thoreau
Henry David Thoreau be open to and understand new ideas.

  • …accept such portions as applies to them. I trust that none will stretch the seams in putting on the coat…



Not literally a rebirth but a cultural maturity
Not literally a rebirth but a cultural maturity. New England

  • Emerson’s Representative Men

  • Hawthorne’s The Scarlett Letter and The House of Seven Gables

  • Melville’s Moby Dick

  • Thoreau’s Walden

  • Whitman’s Leaves of Grass

  • Irving’s “Rip Van Winkle”


  • Noah Webster in 1783: New England

  • “America must be as independent in literature as she is in politics, as famous for arts as for arms.”



  • An intellectual and social named after Aristotleferment in New England

    (Ferment—uproar, upheaval, excitement)

    Founded in 1826 to improve education


Lyceum goals
Lyceum Goals named after Aristotle

  • Training teachers—Horace Mann

  • Alleviating horrible conditions in insane asylums—Dorthea Dix

  • Addressing problems of the blind and deaf

  • Abolishing slavery—William Lloyd Garrison

  • Establishing museums

  • Fighting for women’s rights


Ralph waldo emerson
Ralph Waldo Emerson named after Aristotle

Father of transcendentalism in America

1000 lectures from the east coast to the mid west.


  • Define named after Aristotletranscend

  • toriseaboveorgobeyond;overpass; exceed




  • Ralph Waldo Emerson— Immanuel Kant

  • Father of transcendentalism in America

  • 1000 lectures from the east coast to the mid west

  • For Emerson, transcendentalism was not a new idea but “the oldest of thoughts cast into the mold of these new times.


The old idea from plato
The “old idea” from Plato Immanuel Kant

  • Emerson incorporated the philosophy of Plato whose theory of ideal forms reflected the essence of transcendentalism as well.

  • True reality is spiritual or IDEAL --

    not physical.


“The oldest of thoughts” was idealism, which originated with Plato in ancient Greece.

Plato’s theory of ideal forms


Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism with Plato in ancient Greece.

  • The idea of God, truth, happiness transcends concrete, human experience

  • True, permanent spiritual reality lies behind the transitory physical world.

    One must “transcend” the material world in order to find truth.

    Transcend—rise above, go beyond, surpass







God to The Divine Soul or the Over Soul.

Man

Nature




  • God is good himself and within other people.

  • God works through nature

  • Man is part of nature

  • Therefore man is good


Read and annotate the biography
Read and annotate himself and within other people.the biography

  • On the back, answer the following:

  • Overall, what did Emerson advocate? List three to five ideas that best illustrate what Emerson stood for. Use complete sentences.

  • What was Emerson’s plan or hope for America? Use complete sentences.