Lyceum. Name of the Greek building where Aristotle taught Institution for education—lectures, concerts, etc. Gymnasium—European roots—a classical prep school; Greek youths met for physical education and discussion. The American Renaissance.
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The American Renaissance
Not literally a rebirth but a cultural maturity.
(Ferment—uproar, upheaval, excitement)
Founded in 1826 to improve education
Father of transcendentalism in America
1000 lectures from the east coast to the mid west.
“The oldest of thoughts” was idealism, which originated with Plato in ancient Greece.
Plato’s theory of ideal forms
One must “transcend” the material world in order to find truth.
Transcend—rise above, go beyond, surpass