Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists
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ANTI-BULLYING PRACTICES IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS: PERSPECTIVES OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS. By Yipling C. Sherer and Amanda B. Nickerson A review by Tommy Coleman and Sherry Saunders. Bullying.

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ANTI-BULLYING PRACTICES IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS: PERSPECTIVES OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS

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Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

ANTI-BULLYING PRACTICES IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS: PERSPECTIVES OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS

By Yipling C. Sherer and Amanda B. Nickerson

A review by Tommy Coleman and Sherry Saunders


Bullying

Bullying

  • “… a specific form of aggressive behavior that is characterized by an intention to harm, repeated occurrence, and an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim.”

  • Two types

    -Aggressive

    -Indirect


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

  • Prevention Strategies

  • System-level interventions

  • School staff and parents

  • Education approaches with students

  • Student involvement

  • Interventions with bullies and victims


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

Leadership Frames

Structural

-schedules, increasing supervision

Human Resources

-training, teaming

Political

-legal topic, public concern

Symbolic

-climate/culture, public image


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

  • Questions Addressed

  • What anti-bullying strategies are most/least frequently implemented?

  • What anti-bullying strategies do school psychologists perceive as most or least effective?

  • What areas do school psychologists perceive as most in need of improvement?

  • What barriers make improvement difficult?


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

  • The Study

  • 213 school psychologists were surveyed about their school’s anti-bullying strategies.

  • 43 anti-bullying strategies were included.

  • Respondents reported on the use of strategies and their opinion of effectiveness.

  • Similar strategies were grouped into 20 reporting areas.


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

Findings

Most frequently used strategies

-School staff talk with bullies

following incident

-Disciplinary consequences

-Increase supervision in less

structured areas

Least frequently used strategies

-Peer juries to “try” bullies

-Anti-bullying committee

-Student peer counseling for

victims


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

Findings Continued-Perceived Most Effective Strategies-School-wide positive behavior support plan-Modified space and schedule for less structured activities-Immediate response to bullying incident-Perceived Least Effective-Avoid contact between bullies and victims-Zero tolerance policy for bullies-Written anti-bullying policy


Strategies most in need of improvement

Strategies Most in Need of Improvement

  • Staff education and training

  • Bullying reporting procedure

  • School-wide positive behavior support plan


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

Barriers-Priorities focused on other issues-Underestimation of the severity of bullying problems-Lack of trained staff-Quality of available training material


Rigor of the article

Rigor of the Article

  • The sample was random but

    small.

  • The results were consistent

    with other studies noted in

    the article.

  • 65% of the sample worked in

    elementary schools.

  • Responses were based on

    perception.

  • Some respondents endorsed

    strategies not present in their

    schools.


Type of policy

Type of Policy

  • Bullying policy is largely regulatory:

    -Involves rules to govern behavior

    -Typically are generalized terms applied to

    large groups

    -Can imply enforced penalties

    -Can include licensing requirements


Anti bullying practices in american schools perspectives of school psychologists

Useful Strategies for Policy Support-Schedule Meetings with Parents-School-Wide Intervention Policy-Increased Supervision-School Assemblies-Teacher In-Service Training-Classroom Interventions-Develop Teaching Modules


Benefits of the policy

Benefits of the Policy

  • Incidences of bullying are reduced

  • Students improve interpersonal relationship skills

  • School safety is enhanced

  • Positive community perception


Unintended consequences

Unintended Consequences

-Over reporting

-False reporting

-Time consuming

-Personnel requirements

-Resistance


Implications for school leaders

Implications for School Leaders

  • Examine present practices

  • Measure effectiveness

  • Research

  • Build support

  • Implement changes

  • Re-evaluate


Sources

Sources

  • Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. G (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.

  • Sherer, Y. C., & Nickerson, A. B. (2010). Anti-bullying practices in American schools: Perspectives of school psychologists. Psychology In The Schools, 47(3), 217-229.

  • http://www.metatube.com/en/videos/cid48/Gente-y-Blogs/99156/Extremely-Powerful-Anti-Bullying-Video/


Questions

Questions?


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