Geography in Elementary  Social Studies

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Geography in Elementary Social Studies

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1. Geography in Elementary Social Studies TLT 412 / Hammond Lehigh University Summer, 2008; session 6

3. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Geography is…

4. Trying to establish a theme… History is… “What happened” Geography is…

5. Trying to establish a theme… History is… “What happened” Geography is… “Where things are located”

6. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Factual knowledge of the past Geography is…

7. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Factual knowledge “Historical understanding” Geography is…

8. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Factual knowledge “Historical understanding” perspective-taking, critical thinking about sources, some grasp of epistemology – knowing how, knowing that Geography is…

9. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Factual knowledge “Historical understanding” Geography is… Location

10. Trying to establish a theme… History is… Factual knowledge “Historical understanding” Geography is… Location “The whys of where”

11. Geography as location Absolute and relative location via Google Earth Google Earth as an absolute location finder Google Earth as a relative location tester Geography-as-location games

12. Thinking closely about places Someplace we do know Someplace we don’t know

13. Thinking closely about places Someplace we do know Sketchmaps Someplace we don’t know Have some students make Lehigh campus, others ABE, others USA, others world map. Show, compare, discuss – using compass rose? Labels? Selected geo reference points? How did they learn this? Anyone include scale? A title?Have some students make Lehigh campus, others ABE, others USA, others world map. Show, compare, discuss – using compass rose? Labels? Selected geo reference points? How did they learn this? Anyone include scale? A title?

14. Pre #1Pre #1

15. Post #1Post #1

16. Pre #2Pre #2

17. Post #2Post #2

18. Pre #3Pre #3

19. Post #3Post #3

20. Methods for geography, 1 Sketchmaps What-is-where schema Map schema Inter-disciplinary opportunities?

21. Thinking closely about places Someplace we do know Sketchmaps Someplace we don’t know Video clips

22. Thinking closely about places Someplace we do know Sketchmaps Someplace we don’t know Video clips More visuals

23. How does this compare to video clips we watched? Well, for one thing, w/o the motion we don’t know what this is – a riot? Are people entering or exiting the train? Did the train just arrive or is it about to leave?How does this compare to video clips we watched? Well, for one thing, w/o the motion we don’t know what this is – a riot? Are people entering or exiting the train? Did the train just arrive or is it about to leave?

27. Thinking closely about places Someplace we do know Sketchmaps Someplace we don’t know Video clips More visuals An enactive exercise

32. From arithmetic to physiologic …how should we re-distribute ourselves?

33. Methods for geography, 2 Sketchmaps Enactives Value of multiple representations Building schema of “Why of where?” Q: Can population density be used to explain all of Japanese culture? Inter-disciplinary opportunities?

34. Thinking geospatially Which US state is furthest south? Which US state is furthest west? Which city is further west: Reno or San Diego? Which city is further north: Boston or Florence? Answers Hawaii (not Florida!) Alaska (not Hawaii!) Reno = -119.814° lon, San Diego = -117.164° lon Florence = 43.7687°, Boston = 42.3589° N latAnswers Hawaii (not Florida!) Alaska (not Hawaii!) Reno = -119.814° lon, San Diego = -117.164° lon Florence = 43.7687°, Boston = 42.3589° N lat

35. Thinking geospatially: map projections Re-examine sketchmaps …what projection did you use? Mercator? Mollweide? Peters? Fuller? (j/k)

36. Activities and resources for thinking geospatially Weaving the Globe activity (via Google Earth – could be done with actual globes) National Geographic Map Machine WorldMapper GIS

37. Methods for geography, 3 Sketchmaps Enactives Dynamic maps Include also static maps, globes Map as representation (“the map is not the territory”) Map as interpretation Geography is not about just recording reality but constructing it

38. Demo’ing maps as constructions of reality Example of mutually-exclusive worldviews. Note that I am NOT certain of the provenance of the image on the right. It just happens to illustrate something my wife has described to me from her experience growing up, attending schools in KSA. Fun thing to observe: Status of Golan Heights!!Demo’ing maps as constructions of reality Example of mutually-exclusive worldviews. Note that I am NOT certain of the provenance of the image on the right. It just happens to illustrate something my wife has described to me from her experience growing up, attending schools in KSA. Fun thing to observe: Status of Golan Heights!!

39. Interesting resources from the global population Wikipedias Flickr YouTube(s)

40. Methods for geography, 4 Sketchmaps Enactives Dynamic maps User-generated content (used with caution!)

41. Geography & interdisciplinary SS …or historical topics within geography Example of “geographic topics within history” : Voyages of exploration, Yorktown, Dust Bowl... …or historical topics within geography Example of “geographic topics within history” : Voyages of exploration, Yorktown, Dust Bowl...

42. Integrative nature of geography, 2 Should you merge history and geography by taking a more intensive treatment? Tempting thought, but tricky to do—really have to understand both disciplines. Should you merge history and geography by taking a more intensive treatment? Tempting thought, but tricky to do—really have to understand both disciplines.

43. Integrative nature of geography, 3 Worth thinking about – after all, what if you could work together these topics? Discuss climate change, immigration, trade – global issues that tend to not fit well or be viewed competently in history or geography. But again, I think we arrive at this point by first understanding the disciplines well.Worth thinking about – after all, what if you could work together these topics? Discuss climate change, immigration, trade – global issues that tend to not fit well or be viewed competently in history or geography. But again, I think we arrive at this point by first understanding the disciplines well.

44. Geography is… Where things are The ‘whys’ of ‘where’ -?

45. Geography is... (Lee, Ch. 6) Geographic awareness sense of yourself in space Geographic concepts e.g., places and regions; human geography vs. physical geography) Geographic understanding Spatial (~ set theory or whole-to-part questions) Places and regions (meme construction and conflict) Human and physical systems “Map facts” Where is the Strait of Hormuz?

46. Geography is… …a lot more than we usually think it is! And again, I like “the whys of where” because it’s short, punchy, and points me in the right direction – open-ended, ambitious, questioningAnd again, I like “the whys of where” because it’s short, punchy, and points me in the right direction – open-ended, ambitious, questioning

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