Abuse in relationships
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Abuse in Relationships. Chapter 13. Nature of Relationship Abuse. Violence (physical abuse ) Intimate-partner Violence is a term that refers to crimes committed against current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends. Gottman’s 2 types. Situational Couple Violence Intimate terrorism

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Abuse in Relationships

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Abuse in relationships

Abuse in Relationships

Chapter 13

Nature of relationship abuse

Nature of Relationship Abuse

  • Violence (physical abuse)

    • Intimate-partner Violence is a term that refers to crimes committed against current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends.

Gottman s 2 types

Gottman’s 2 types

  • Situational Couple Violence

  • Intimate terrorism

    • Uxoricide

    • Battered Woman Syndrome

      • The battered woman syndrome defense?

Emotional abuse

Emotional Abuse

  • Verbal Abuse/Symbolic Aggression/Psychological Abuse

    • Warning signs:

Abuse in relationships

  • Today’s discussion focuses on various forms of domestic abuse and violence, and we tend to talk most about violence of male partners against female partners.

    • Is it right to place emphasis on this type of intimate partner violence?

Prevalence and severity of ipv

Prevalence and Severity of IPV

  • Women are five times more likely to be abused by a partner than a man is. Almost 75% of all attacks by intimate partners are against women.

  • IPV is a leading cause of death for women ages 15-44 in the U.S.

    • Pregnancy is an especially dangerous time for women—why do you think this is?

Research on domestic violence

Research on Domestic Violence

  • Husbands or other male partners have higher rates of inflicting the most dangerous and injurious forms of violence.

  • Violence by husbands or male partners does more damage, because of a man’s greater physical strength.

  • Violent acts by men are more frequent, tending to be repeated over time.

  • Husbands are more apt to leave an abusive relationship within a short time.

Sexual abuse

Sexual Abuse

  • Marital Rape

  • Date rape

Female abuse of a partner

Female Abuse of a Partner

A review of literature found that women’s physical violence may be just as prevalent as men’s violence but is more likely to be motivated by self-defense and fear.

Men’sphysical violence is more likely to be driven by control motives.



  • Stalking

  • Cybervictimization

  • Obsessive relational intrusion

Abuse in relationships

  • What are some of the root causes of violence in intimate relationships?

Explanations for violence and abuse

Explanations for Violence and Abuse

  • Culture

    • Media

    • Corporal punishment

    • Gender inequality

    • Women and children as property?

    • Stress

Explanations for violence and abuse1

Explanations for Violence and Abuse

  • Community Factors

  • Individual Factors

  • Family Factors

The cycle of abuse

The Cycle of Abuse

Abuse in relationships

  • Why do people stay in Abusive Relationships?

    • Does our culture encourage women to stay in an unhealthy relationship?

Why women stay

Why Women Stay

  • Learned helplessness—the woman becomes depressed, loses her self-esteem, and feels incapable of seeking help for herself.

  • Hope that the abuser will change.

  • Low self-esteem and feeling incapable of helping herself and even her children.

    • However, many women find the courage to leave when the violence spills over into the lives of their children.

Why women stay1

Why Women Stay

  • Economic hardship and homelessness

  • Need for child support

  • Shame or guilt

  • Blaming themselves—battered women often believe it is their fault

Why women stay2

Why Women Stay

  • Fear—is a MAJOR reason

  • The home becomes a prison

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