Biochemistry Notes. You are what you eat!?. Chemistry – study of what substances are made of and how they change and combine . Each different kind of atom is a different element . Examples of elements: C – Carbon H – Hydrogen
You are what you eat!?
Chemistry – study of what substances are made of and how they change and combine.
1. Inorganic Compounds – come from nonliving substances (In = notOrganic = living)
Positive and negative ends like the poles of a magnet.
*70-80% of your body is water
2. Organic Compounds – come from livingsubstances
Biochemistry – study of the chemistry of living organisms
Exception: CO2 is not organic (CO2 is not
composed of living substances.)
Ex: Glucose – C6H12O6
4. Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA
***Polysaccharides are composed of monosaccharides bonded together.Polysaccharides must be first broken down to monosaccharides forcellsto use as energy.
Structural Formula of Amino Acid:
General Structure of Amino Acid
Structural Formula of Lipid:
Ex: hydrogen peroxide being broken down intowater and oxygen
H2O2 H2O + O2 add catalase for FASTER REACTION!
Ex: Saltines and amylase