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Vocab. Mixtures and Solutions. Physical Properties. Phase Changes. Elements and Compounds. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. The building blocks of matter. Elements.

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Vocab

Mixtures and

Solutions

Physical

Properties

Phase

Changes

Elements and

Compounds

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The building blocks of matter

The building blocks of matter


Elements

Elements


The smallest particle of an element

The smallest particle of an element


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atom


The negatively charged part of an atom

The negatively charged part of an atom


Electron

electron


A combination of elements

A combination of elements


Compound

compound


The part of an atom with no charge

The part of an atom with no charge


Neutron

Neutron


The combination of substances where the materials can easily be separated

The combination of substances where the materials can easily be separated.


A mixture

A mixture


200

This is a combination where one substance dissolves in another substance and cannot be easily separated.


A solution

A solution


What is the name of the substance that will dissolve in a solution ex chocolate powder

What is the name of the substance that will dissolve in a solution? (ex. chocolate powder)


The solute

The Solute


What is the substance the solute will dissolve into ex the milk

What is the substance the solute will dissolve into? (ex. the milk)


The solvent

The solvent


200

When the solvent has taken all the solute it can, we say it has become______? (ex. no more chocolate can be added to the milk)


Saturated

Saturated


The amount of space an object takes up describes what physical property

The amount of space an object takes up describes what physical property?


Volume

Volume


The amount of matter an object is made of can be described as what

The amount of matter an object is made of can be described as what?


Its mass

Its Mass


If the mass of an object is divided by its volume what physical property can you determine

If the mass of an object is divided by its volume, what physical property can you determine?


Its density

Its Density


200

If I have a 3 inch bar of iron and a 10 inch bar of iron, what physical property will be the exact same for both?


Density

Density


Name 3 physical properties that are unique to metals

Name 3 physical properties that are unique to metals


Answers will vary

Answers will vary


This type of phase change occurs when gas particles are cooled

This type of phase change occurs when gas particles are cooled.


Condensation

Condensation


Particles are packed closely together during what phase of matter

Particles are packed closely together during what phase of matter


Solid

Solid


What causes the particles of a substance to move faster farther apart and change form

What causes the particles of a substance to move faster, farther apart, and change form?


200

Heat


What is the name for when water particles begin to move with enough speed to become a gas

What is the name for when water particles begin to move with enough speed to become a gas?


Evaporation

Evaporation


Give an example of condensation

Give an example of condensation


Clouds dew on the ground fog droplets on a cold glass of water

cloudsdew on the groundfogdroplets on a cold glass of water


What is the name given to the organized chart that lists all known elements

What is the name given to the organized chart that lists all known elements?


The periodic table

The Periodic Table


Elements located in the same column of the periodic table have similar what

Elements located in the same column of the Periodic Table have similar what?


Chemical properties

Chemical Properties


How many elements are in a molecule of h 2 o

How many elements are in a molecule of H2O?


2 hydrogen and oxygen

2 - Hydrogen and Oxygen


What is the name of a compound formed between a metal and a nonmetal

What is the name of a compound formed between a metal and a nonmetal?


200

Salt


What is the name of the geometric shape formed by salt particles

What is the name of the geometric shape formed by salt particles?


Crystals

Crystals


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