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RUSSIAN REVOLUTION. 1917: Revolution in a Single Year. Causes of the Revolution . Pressure/Problems of WWI Activities from various parties plotted revolution Why? Feb 1917- Tsar Nicholas II forced to abdicate Romanov dynasty ends after 3000 years

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russian revolution

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

1917: Revolution in a Single Year

causes of the revolution
Causes of the Revolution
  • Pressure/Problems of WWI
  • Activities from various parties plotted revolution
    • Why?
  • Feb 1917- Tsar Nicholas II forced to abdicate
  • Romanov dynasty ends after 3000 years
  • Provisional gov’t (Consisting of middle-class politicians and some socialist leaders) take over
tsar rule ends now what
Tsar rule ends.. Now what?
  • If you were living in Russia what type of rule would you desire?
  • Explain.
revolution massive social upheaval
Revolution= Massive Social Upheaval
  • WWI- Ordinary soldiers deserted in substantial numbers and despised upper-class officers
  • Major industrial centers:
    • New trade unions arose
    • Some workers seized factories
    • “Soviets”- (Grassroots organization) emerged to speak for ordinary people
    • Some peasants seized estates and burned manor houses
provisional government fails
Provisional Government Fails
  • Fails to control revolutionary masses
  • Refused to take Russia out of WWI
  • Bolsheviks (Small socialist group led by Lenin) rose to power
  • Question: Why were the Bolsheviks able to ride the Russian Revolution to power?
goals of the bolsheviks
Goals of the Bolsheviks
  • End WWI
  • Land for peasants
  • Workers’ control of factories
  • Self-determination for non-Russian nationalities (example- Ukraine, Poland)
  • End of Provisional gov’t and Lenin taking over
civil war 1918 1921
Civil War (1918-1921)
  • Bolsheviks seized power in late October 1917
  • Three-year civil war broke out
  • Bolsheviks (calling their party “Communist”) battled an assortment of enemies-tsarist officials, landlords, regional nationalist groups, as well as troops from U.S., G.B., France and Japan- all of which were eager to crush the communist regime
  • Bolsheviks won
bolshevik victory
Bolshevik Victory
  • During Civil War the Bolsheviks took over the economy, seized grain from angry peasants, suppressed rebellions.
  • Integrated many lower-class men into Red Army (Bolsheviks military forces)
  • Defended against outside attack (U.S., France, Japan and GB)
  • Shortly after war ended they renamed country- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
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