Recreating the Chinese Nation-State. Confucianism: Social Harmony and Virtuous Rule. 3,500 years of History with China conceptualized as the Zhongguo (the Middle Kingdom) Confucianism and human being as a web of social relations
PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Recreating the Chinese Nation-State' - jon
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
3,500 years of History with China conceptualized as the Zhongguo (the Middle Kingdom)
Confucianism and human being as a web of social relations
Concrete performance of one’s role should be the focus of human energies to generate harmony – hierarchy as opposed to equality is a given
Governing and dynasty legitimacy is a matter of ethical conduct – both patriarchal and elitist as well as critical and reformist – human beings are educable – order is cyclical in conformance with moral principles
Legalism acted as a compliment to Confucianism emphasizing centralized administration, military power, and absolutist rule
Opium War 1839 – 1842 inaugurates period of foreign imperialism and Chinese weakness and becomes symbol of Chinese humiliation
The Treaty of Nanjing 1842 cedes Hong Kong to British and gives British traders right to reside and trade in five treaty ports – 1844 US presses for trading privileges and extraterritorial jurisdiction
The nineteenth century included the White Lotus Rebellion (1796 -1804), the Great Taiping Rebellion of the 1850s, and the Boxer Uprising (1899-1900) and series of smaller peasant rebellions and Muslim rebellions in the Northwest and Southwest; Population pressures produced declining living standards.
Tongzhi restoration attempted to reaffirm Confucian values and Chinese leadership became aware of the need to bring together Chinese essense (Ti) with Western learning for practical improvements (Yong)
Sino Japanese War 1894-1895 brought Chinese failings into clear light but efforts to institute necessary reforms in 1898 were blunted by the seeming contradictions of a Western world view focused on material control and a progressive history and a Chinese worldview focused on human relations and natural cycles.
The defeat of the Boxer Uprising brought the Qing’s into disrepute and Chinese such as Sun Yat-Sen began contemplating the overthrow the Qing as a step in improving Chinese fortunes. By sending officials abroad, the Qing ultimately laid the foundation of their own demise