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“The Scarlet Ibis” Discussion notes. The narrator. First person point of view Told in flashback How old is the narrator before the flashback?

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the narrator
The narrator
  • First person point of view
  • Told in flashback
  • How old is the narrator before the flashback?
  • “But sometimes (like right now), as I sit in the cool, green-draped parlor, the grindstone begins to turn, and time with all its changes is ground away– and I remember Doodle.”
doodle as a baby
Doodle as a baby
  • The narrator is disappointed
  • He wanted someone to play with, yet all he sees is a physically disabled baby who might die
  • He even considers smothering his little brother until he discovers that Doodle is not mentally disabled- he is “all there”! What does it mean to be “all there”?
characterizing the narrator
Characterizing the narrator
  • Characterization- much of what we learn about the narrator is based on his words, thoughts, or actions regarding his brother
  • Is the narrator dynamic or static? Support your answer.
doodle at two
Doodle at Two
  • The narrator feels Doodle is part of the family since he begins to crawl and could be brought out of the bedroom
  • He renames William Armstrong because he crawls backward like a doodlebug- plus, nobody expects much from someone called Doodle
doodle and the go cart
Doodle and the Go-Cart
  • Doodle is a burden because the narrator must take him everywhere, and Doodle needs special care
  • The narrator is cruel to Doodle
  • After he accepts that Doodle is his brother and inescapable, the narrator shares Old Woman Swamp with him
doodle at five
Doodle at Five
  • The narrator is embarrassed that his brother cannot walk
  • The narrator needs to be proud of someone or something
  • The narrator forces Doodle to stand and to walk
doodle s sixth birthday
Doodle’s Sixth Birthday
  • The narrator realizes that he taught Doodle to walk because the narrator was ashamed of Doodle not walking
  • The narrator realizes that his motives in teaching Doodle to walk were purely selfish - PRIDE!
setting and tone
Setting and Tone
  • The author makes great use of setting in his story; he uses it to establish the tone, to provide foreshadowing, and to provide symbolism
  • Time- 1912-1918- WWI (ends in 1918)- destruction – the blight damaging the crops can be compared to the destruction the war causes to people and places
  • “And during that summer, strange names were heard through the house: Chateau-Thierry, Soissons, and in her blessing at the supper table, Mama once said, “And bless the Pearsons, whose boy Joe was lost in Belleau Wood”
james hurst s hope
James Hurst’s Hope
  • He wants the readers of “The Scarlet Ibis” to think of how the war raging among “brothers” in Europe is related to the conflict between Doodle and his brother.
  • He reflects, “People always suffer when others try to make them over in their own image.”

United States soldiers fire a machine gun

in Belleau Wood, France, in June 1918.

setting and tone1
Setting and Tone
  • Place-North Carolina; cotton farm; Old Woman Swamp
  • Atmosphere- clove of seasons- summer is dead & autumn is not born
  • Summer was blighted- crops withered, curled up, and died
  • What is the tone of this story? How does the setting help to develop this from the first paragraph?
foreshadowing
Foreshadowing
  • Summer of 1918 was blighted- plant growth replaced by death and decay
  • Fall of Ibis- Doodle’s fall
  • Doodle’s response to the Ibis
  • “Dead birds is bad luck…Specially red dead birds!”
allusion new literary term
Allusion- new literary term
  • Allusion- a reference in a work of literature to a well-known character, place, or situation from literature, music, mythology, film, religion (especially the Bible), art, or history.
  • The Family Guy frequently uses allusions. Ex. This scene is an allusion to a scene in The Lady and the Tramp.
three allusions in our story
Three Allusions in our story

1. Belleau Woods- WWI battle sites

2. Hansel and Gretel- “It was too late to turn back, for we had both wandered too far into a net of expectations and had left no crumbs behind.”

3. “If we produced anything less than the Resurrection, [Aunt Nicey] was going to be disappointed.”

imagery
Imagery
  • Imagery is descriptive language that deals with any of the five senses (sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste), and even movement.
  • Essentially, imagery is any series of words that create a picture, or sensory experience in your head.
  • The use of figurative language (similes, metaphors, and personification) helps create imagery in writing. Let’s look at some examples.
examples
Examples
  • “…with a tiny body which was red and shriveled like an old man’s”- simile that appeals to the sense of sight
  • “…curtains billowed out in the afternoon sea breeze, rustling like palmetto fronds”- simile that appeals to the sense of sight and provides movement
  • “Even death did not mar its grace, for it lay on the earth like a broken vase of red flowers.” –simile that appeals to the sense of sight
  • “The [rain] drops stung my face like nettles”- simile that appeals to the sense of touch
  • Nettles are covered with tiny, nearly invisible stinging hairs that produce an intense, stinging pain, followed by redness and skin irritation.
death imagery
Death Imagery
  • Bleeding tree
  • Rotting brown magnolia
  • Ironweeds grew rank
  • Graveyard flowers
  • Mahogany box
  • Black clouds, darkness descended
other examples of similes and metaphors
Other Examples of Similes and Metaphors
  • Simile- William Armstrong’s name is like putting a big tail on a small kite
  • Metaphor- “There is within me (and with sadness I have watched it in others) a knot of cruelty borne by the stream of love, much as our blood sometimes bears the seed of our destruction…”- The narrator’s cruelty is being compared to a disease that kills .
  • Metaphor- “Pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death.”
  • Simile- “Promise hung about us like leaves”
  • Simile- “Hope no longer hid in the dark palmetto thicket, but perched like a cardinal in the lacy toothbrush tree, brilliantly visible.” (red cardinal is compared to a sense of hope)
symbols
Symbols
  • A symbol is a thing or idea that stands for something else
  • The main symbol in the story is the scarlet ibis which stands for Doodle
  • Why does the author choose the scarlet ibis as the symbol as opposed to another bird?
  • With what is red usually associated? Why choose a red bird and develop red imagery?
key lines that develop theme
Key Lines that Develop Theme
  • “There is within me (and with sadness I have watched it in others) a knot of cruelty borne by the stream of love, much as our blood sometimes bears the seed of our destruction…”
  • “All of us must have something to be proud of”
  • “Pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death.”
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