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NOTES-TRADAMUS: Student Success Is in Your Future When You Teach Them to Take Notes

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Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

NOTES-TRADAMUS:

Student Success Is in Your Future When You Teach Them to Take Notes!

Chester Goad


We need to nurture our students

We need to nurture our students!

REUTERS/Sigit Pamungkas (INDONESIA)


After all they re just like we used to be

After all, theyre just like we used to be


Sometimes they don t realize they need help

Sometimes they dont realize they need help!


We have to show them what they re capable of doing

We have to show them what theyre capable of doing!


Questions we should ask ourselves

Questions we should ask ourselves

  • Do I ever assign my students something to read, such as a chapter in the text or a magazine article?

  • Do I teach them how to read those things?

  • Do I ever say anything important enough for students to take notes on it?

  • Do I teach them HOW to take notes on the things I say in my class?


Theory research

Theory & Research


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Fact: Students entering colleges and universities today lack basic note taking skills.

Fact: Secondary institutions generally are not teaching and do not require college success courses which would include essential note taking and organizational practices.


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Aside: Learning disabled students have particular difficulty with note taking skills.


Link to cheating

Link to cheating?

  • 2002 National Survey of 4,500 high school students found that 75% engaged in cheated and 50% admitted to plagiarism.

  • Recent survey found that 100% of teachers have caught students teaching.

  • 1998 survey found that 4 out of 5 top students admitted to cheating.

  • Another found that generally students do not know how to paraphrase.

    Could it be that student cheating is tied to a need for patient teaching of note taking skills?

www.education-world.com/a_lesson/ Take Note


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

11 % of a lecture is all that 1st year college students typically capture in their notes.

Even the best college level note takers capture less than 75%

Kiewra, K. A. (1985). Providing the instructor's notes: An effective addition to student notetaking. Educational Psychologist. 20. 33-39.


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

(AP Photo/Rick Rycroft)


Retention is an issue

Retention is an issue

  • Studies also show that during a 20 minute lecture, students retain approximately 70% of what is presented in the first 10 minutes!

  • In contrast, students only retain 20% of what is presented in the last 10 minutes.

Encyclopedia of Educational Technology: Publication of SDSU Department of Educational Technology.


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

After hearing a lecture studies show the average person is able to recall:

50% after ONE day

35% after ONE week

20% after TWO weeks

Listening to a lecture without taking notes is a formula for failure.

Steidler, Alyse. Helping Students Take Effective Notes. http://4faculty.org/includes/digdeeper/helpstudents/notes.jsp


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

The quality of notes taken during a lecture have a direct relationship to retention of the material presented.

Gales, P. (2005). Instructor-provided notes. In B. Hoffman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. Retrieved November 19, 2008, from http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/instprvdnts/start.htm


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Taking notes aids comprehension and retention. Researchers have found that if important information is contained in notes, it has a 34% chance of being remembered.Information not found in notes only have a 5% chance of being remembered.

Howe, 1970, in Longman and Atkinson, 1999

www.usu.edu/arc/idea_sheets/note_taking.cfm


Two theories

Two theories

  • One effective approach is to teach students how to take notes.

  • Another suggests, shortening lectures to 20 minutes is a better alternative.

  • Both of these have been PROVEN to provide better results.


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

According to the Research

The best solution (and least popular) is instructor-provided notes prior to the lecture.

Skeletal format has gained the widest support.

(Hartley, 1978; Russell et al. 1983; Kiewra 1985)

http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/instprvdents/start.htm


Make skeletal notes

Make Skeletal Notes


Sample skeletal notes

Sample Skeletal Notes

Provide the main ideas of the lecture.

Hierarchical relationships or schematic or outline.

SAMPLE

German Occupation France

Vichy:

What msg did pro-German newsclips send?

Free zone:

Occupied Zone:

(Kiewra, 1985)

http://coe.sdsu.edu/edu/eet/articles/instprvdnts/start.htm


If you re still uncomfortable

If youre still uncomfortable

A posting from the message board, Tomorrows Professor on University of Nebraska at Lincoln website suggests that instructors:

write their outline (or their skeletal notes) on the board remembering that students to tend to want to write everything the instructor writes on the board down in their notes.


Sometimes not everything we write on the board will be on the test

Sometimes, not everything we write on the board will be on the test!


Practice

Practice

Big Question:

How can we in post secondary address this problem without compromising time and material dedicated to our subject matter?


Answer

Answer:

By making a deliberate and purposeful effort toward teaching best note taking practices which are tailored to our specific classes, at the very beginning of each academic semester.

The more instructors emphasize note taking and reinforce good academic practice the better student outcomes will be.


How do we do this

How do we do this?

Practical Suggestions


Simple ways to address note taking

Simple Ways to Address Note Taking:

  • Discuss note taking after youve discussed your syllabus.

  • In addition, incorporate note taking into your class syllabus.

  • Hold students accountable for note taking or at least suggest that you will be holding them accountable.

  • By checking notes sometime during the semester. This can be formal or informal and may or may not be subject to grading or extra credit.


Symbols

Symbols

  • Provide students with a list of symbols you will be using during the class or symbols they can use as you lecture. Ex. %, ?, $ etc.

  • For practice dictate a sentence to them and have them write it.

  • Jack has a question about problem number one and would like an answer.

  • Students may write:

    J has ? Re: prob #1 & would like an answer.

    From 57 characters to 33.

Emily Levy. (2007). Teaching Students to Take Class Notes. LD Online.


Abbreviations

Abbreviations

  • Help students break larger words down into chunks with shortened versions of words.

  • Provide students with a list of abbreviations you suggest they use in your class. (in your discipline)

  • Encourage students to come up with their own.

Thfr=therefore

Wb=workbook

Mbe=maybe

Ex. Wed-Wednesday

Hwk=homework

ppl=people

Edu=education

Grp=group

Emily Levy. (2007). Teaching Students to Take Class Notes. LD Online.


Demystify your policies regarding student notes grades

Demystify Your Policies Regarding Student Notes & Grades

Try to give students a general idea of what to look forward to as they take notes during your lectures. When possible explain to them the percentages of exam questions which come from lectures and from the textbook respectively. Explain the correlation thereof.

After all, is it our test methodology that we want our students to learn or is it the content material?


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Teach them how to discern when information might be exam worthy.

Provide them with a list of terms or phrases to listen for as you teach.


Teach them what to listen for

Teach them what to listen for

  • Furthermore

  • Finally

  • Therefore

  • Anytime you write Ex. on the board.

  • Here are three reasons whyfirst, second, third

  • And most important

    (main idea) or a major development

  • On the other hand

  • On the contrary

  • For example

  • Similarly

  • In contrast

  • Also

  • For instance

  • Finally

  • Remember here

North, Gary. Lesson 9: Taking Notes http://www.garynorth.com/public/1901.cfm


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Remind students that they need to take notes actively not only in lecture but as they read the text!


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

Many students are apprehensive to make notes in their books as they study outside class.

Free your students up to write in or highlight sections in their textbooks.


Provide students with examples

Provide Students with Examples

You may not have time to model various note taking strategies. However, discussing them, providing lists, and showing students samples, will still benefit them and heighten awareness.

A variety of samples for addressing learning preferences for diverse learners is best.


Linear learners

Linear Learners

  • Linear learners will appreciate note taking methods specifically designed for them.

Some of these are:

Cornell Note Taking Method

Column-Style Note Taking

Half-Page Note Taking

Basic Outline Methods


Sample of cornell method

Sample of Cornell Method

The page is divided into three parts.

The larger division to the right is for lecture notes from the instructor.

The smaller division to the left is for key terms, questions & definitions.

The bottom is the students summary of the days notes in his own words.

Object used is from WRHS/APUSH


Sample column style notes

Sample Column Style Notes

Main Ideas Notes

  • Causes of WWI Leaders' aggression

    ing nat'lism

    Economic comp.

  • Battles of WWI Battle of Liege

    Battle of Fronteirs

    Battle of Lorraine

    Battle of Mons

    1/3 of page2/3 of page for notes

http://www.ldonline.org/article/12855


Non linear visual learners

Non-Linear & Visual Learners

  • Students who do not like Linear Learning Methods may appreciate non-linear and visual methods.

Some of these are:

-Mapping or Webbing

-Visual/Iconic Pictures

-Use of colored pens and/or use of highlighters with a key.


Webbing sample

Webbing Sample

http://www.ldonline.org/article/12855


An example of a mind map

An Example of a Mind-Map


Ideas for reinforcing note taking

IdeasforReinforcingNote Taking

  • Quiz your students from their notes.

  • Allow them to partner up and go over notes together.

  • Spot check notes early on in the semester or take them up once.

  • Grade or award extra credit for notes from lectures and from the text.

  • Call on a student and allow her to teach yesterdays lesson from her notes.

  • Give them an opportunity before tests to examine your lecture notes to fill in any gaps.

  • Provide incentives for students bringing notes to class.


Students thinking through their notes

Students Thinking Through Their Notes

Ask them to write endings to sentences like:

Another example of this might be

The last time I saw an example of this was

I remember talking about this issue with

This might explain why

Erickson, B. L. & Strommer, D. W. (1991) Teaching College Freshmen. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

In his book, The Overnight Student , M.L. Jones explains that one of the ways he learned to take good notes was to lecture to the wall. After a class, he would take his notes and literally face the wall and teach the notes to it.


Notes tradamus student success is in your future when you teach them to take notes

The only voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes. Marcel Proust


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