Anatomy of a pc
Download
1 / 41

Anatomy of a PC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Anatomy of a PC August 2005 Imperial Oil Summer Institute for Computer Studies Educators Presented by Celine Latulipe Outline Introduction & Equipment Warnings Steps 1 & 2: Prep work Step 3: Remove and Label Components Step 4: Rebuild Steps 5 & 6: Plug in and Reboot Wrap-Up

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentation

Anatomy of a PC

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Anatomy of a pc l.jpg
Anatomy of a PC

August 2005

Imperial Oil Summer Institute for Computer Studies Educators

Presented by Celine Latulipe


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • Introduction & Equipment

  • Warnings

  • Steps 1 & 2: Prep work

  • Step 3: Remove and Label Components

  • Step 4: Rebuild

  • Steps 5 & 6: Plug in and Reboot

  • Wrap-Up


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • Why have your students disassemble and reassemble a computer?

    • Get over the fear of what’s inside

    • Develop a better understanding of what makes up a computer

    • Build confidence

    • Mostly: BECAUSE IT’S FUN!


Equipment l.jpg
Equipment

  • Screwdriver

  • A computer (these are old Pentiums donated by the UW Library)

  • Monitor and keyboard (no mouse)

  • Small post-it notes

  • Anti-static bracelets/mats

  • Handout


Warnings l.jpg
Warnings

  • Disassembly: UNPLUG from wall first

  • After reassembling, screw the lids onto the boxes before powering up (the wires from the power button to the power supply are live, so you don’t want to be near them when the computer is on)

  • Rebooting: plug into the wall LAST


Warnings cont d l.jpg
Warnings (cont’d)

  • Make sure the room you use has enough power (separate circuits)

  • Be careful - computers have sharp parts inside (we have band-aids)

  • Decide how much to have the students remove, given time constraints, etc.


Step 1 getting ready l.jpg
Step 1 – Getting Ready

  • Have computers booted up when students come in, so they see that they work (no Windows installed on these - just DOS)

  • Shut down computers

  • Put on anti-static bands and clip them to grounding mats

  • Read over handout


Step 2 looking inside l.jpg
Step 2 – Looking Inside

  • UNPLUG all cables

  • Remove cover

    • Unscrew 4 screws at back closest to the edge of the computer, then pull the sides of the computer forward

    • The front and side panels slide off the front all in one piece

  • Lay the computer on it’s side with the motherboard closest to table surface


Back of computer l.jpg
Back of Computer

Remove these screws


Step 2 looking inside10 l.jpg
Step 2 – Looking Inside

  • Identify all the major components:

    • Power Supply

    • Motherboard

    • Memory

    • Card Slots

    • Cards (sound, video, network)

    • CPU, heatsink and fan

    • Drives (floppy, hard and CD-ROM)


Slide11 l.jpg

COMPONENTS

power supply

CD-ROM drive

floppy drive

cards

hard drive

motherboard


What these components do l.jpg
What these components do

  • Motherboard – (body) acts as a manager for everything on the computer – connects all the other components together

  • CPU – Central Processing Unit – (brain) this does all the work of computing

  • Hard Drive – (long-term memory) holds all of the information that needs to be stored between uses of the computer


What these components do13 l.jpg
What these components do

  • RAM – Random Access Memory – (short-term memory) holds data and program instructions that the computer is currently using

  • Floppy and CD-ROM drives – (mouth/ears) allow you to give data to the computer and take data away from the computer

  • Power Supply – (heart) supplies power to all

  • Network Card – (telephone) allows computer to talk to other computers over a wire


What these components do14 l.jpg
What these components do

  • Video card – (face) Does all of the processing necessary to get stuff looking nice on screen, quickly

  • Sound card – (vocal cords) Allows sounds from HD or CD-ROM to be displayed

  • Card Slots – (hands) Allows other components to be added to the computer (joystick cards, tv cards, etc.)


Step 2 cont d l.jpg
Step 2 (cont’d)

  • The handout has a listing of the parts to be disassembled:

    • CD-ROM drive, sound cable, ribbon cable (unplug power)

    • Floppy drive, ribbon cable (unplug power)

    • Sound, Video and Network cards

    • Memory

  • Draw the component beside each name on the handout


Ribbon cables l.jpg
Ribbon Cables

polarized


Step 3 taking it apart l.jpg
Step 3 – Taking it Apart

  • A - Remove CD-ROM Drive

    • UNPLUG sound cable from CD

    • UNPLUG power cable from CD

    • UNPLUG ribbon cable from CD

      • Unplug other end of ribbon cable from motherboard and label it ‘CD ribbon’

      • Pay attention to where it goes on motherboard and which way the pink end goes…

    • Unscrew CD-ROM drive and slide out

    • Label CD-ROM drive with a post-it note



Hard drive l.jpg
Hard Drive

We won’t remove this.


Step 3 cont d l.jpg
Step 3 (cont’d)

  • B - Remove Floppy Drive

    • UNPLUG power cable from floppy drive

    • UNPLUG ribbon cable from floppy drive

      • Unplug other end of ribbon cable from motherboard and label it ‘floppy ribbon’

      • Make sure you pay attention to the orientation of the ribbon cable to where it is plugged in to the mother board (which side is pink?)

    • Pull floppy drive out



Step 3 cont d22 l.jpg
Step 3 (cont’d)

  • C - Remove Video Card

    • Video card is the one with the 15-hole video port that the monitor was plugged into

    • Unscrew the card from the back of the case

    • Pull card straight up and out of PCI slot

    • Label video card with post-it note



Step 3 cont d24 l.jpg
Step 3 (cont’d)

  • D - Remove Sound Card

    • Sound card is one with audio ports on it

    • Leave sound cable (from CD-ROM) attached to card

    • Unscrew card where it attaches to back of computer

    • Lift sound card straight up and out of ISA slot

    • Label Sound Card with post-it note



Step 3 cont d26 l.jpg
Step 3 (cont’d)

  • E - Remove Network Card

    • Network Card is the one that has a port that looks like a phone jack

    • Unscrew card from back of computer case

    • Lift Network Card straight up and out of PCI slot

    • Label Network Card with post-it note



Step 3 cont d28 l.jpg
Step 3 (cont’d)

  • F - Remove RAM (only take out 1!!!)

    • Pull levers at each end of RAM away from RAM

    • At same time push RAM to one side

    • RAM card will tilt to one side and can be lifted out

    • Most of these machines have 2 RAM cards

    • Label RAM with post-it note



Cpu heatsink fan l.jpg
CPU/Heatsink/Fan

  • We won’t remove these!

  • We’ll pass some around so that you can see what they look like and how they attach to a motherboard


Step 4 putting it back together l.jpg
Step 4 – Putting it Back Together

  • Put it all back, reverse order G – A (remove post-its as you re-assemble):

  • Memory pops back in pretty easily

  • If you unplugged power cable from motherboard (to access RAM) plug it back in


Step 4 putting it back together32 l.jpg
Step 4 – Putting it Back Together

  • Place network card back into slot it came out of, screw it back in

  • Place sound card back into slot it came out of, screw it back in

  • Place video card back into slot it came out of (press firmly), screw it back in


Step 4 putting it back together33 l.jpg
Step 4 – Putting it Back Together

  • Slide floppy in and plug in power cable

  • Plug ribbon cable into floppy (check that the pink side of the cable lines up with the ‘1’ printed on the green part of the floppy drive)

  • Plug other end of ribbon cable into motherboard


Step 4 putting it back together34 l.jpg
Step 4 – Putting it Back Together

  • Slide CD-ROM back into case, replace screws, plug ribbon cable into CD and motherboard (it only goes in one way)

  • Plug power cables back into CD (it only goes in one way)

  • Plug sound cable from sound card into the back of the CD-ROM drive


Step 5 getting ready to reboot l.jpg
Step 5 – Getting Ready to Reboot

  • Have Celine (or her helper) check your work – if it’s okay:

  • Put the lid on the box and screw it in

  • Plug the cables back in, in this order:

    • Monitor to computer (video cable)

    • Keyboard to computer

    • Monitor’s power cable into wall

    • Computer’s power cable into the wall


Step 6 reboot l.jpg
Step 6 – Reboot

  • Turn it on…

  • If it works (you get a DOS prompt), congratulations!

  • If not, call Celine (or her helper) over to diagnose the problem


Wrap up l.jpg
Wrap-up

  • Unplug computers and monitors and stack them at back of the room

  • Hope you had fun! Thanks for participating!


Note about computers for schools l.jpg
Note about Computers for Schools

  • You can get a set of identical Pentium1s from Computers for Schools, along with old monitors, so that you can do this with your class

  • You just need a place to store them!

  • ctdc@frontenac.net or melliott@cfso.ca


Afterword modern computers l.jpg
Afterword: Modern Computers

  • The computers you took apart are old (5 or 6 years old?)

  • Computer Technology changes FAST

  • Pentium 1’s running at 66MHz with 64MB of RAM and a 512 MB hard drive

  • The graphics card is PCI (32 bits)

  • My current computers is smaller and faster and can do more stuff…


The shuttle l.jpg
The Shuttle

  • This computer is a Pentium 4 running at 2.8 GHz

  • It has 512 MB RAM

  • It has a 20 Gigabyte hard drive

  • It has lots of USB connectors

  • It has a firewire connector

  • It has AGP graphics and a DVD/CDRW

  • It has a 6-in-1 card reader floppy drive


The mac powerbook l.jpg
The Mac PowerBook

  • PowerPC G4 running at 1.67GHz

  • 15” LCD screen

  • It has 1 GB RAM

  • It has an 80 Gigabyte hard drive

  • It has 2 USB connectors

  • It has 2 firewire connector

  • It has AGP graphics and a DVD/CDRW

  • It has a PC card slot


ad
  • Login