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The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance. Julia Cherlow Cailean Cooke David Long Jay Ottovegio. The Four Temperaments. Melancholic • pensive • ruled by physical body • marked by despair, frustration • cautious to embrace new courses of action.

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The Four Temperaments Paul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance

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The four temperaments paul hindermith s music transformed by dance l.jpg

The Four TemperamentsPaul Hindermith’s Music Transformed by Dance

Julia Cherlow

Cailean Cooke

David Long

Jay Ottovegio


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The Four Temperaments

  • Melancholic

    • pensive

    • ruled by physical body

    • marked by despair, frustration

    • cautious to embrace new courses of action


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The Four Temperaments

2. Sanguine

• Latin meaning: blood

• extroverted, confident

• represents nervous system and astral body

• conform with popular ideas

• rush from experience to experience


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The Four Temperaments

3. Phlegmatic

• stabilizing forces in group situations

• introverted and impassive


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The Four Temperaments

4. Choleric

• forcefulness of will

• must have their own way

• strength is zeal, weakness is anger

• easily agitated, ruled by impulse

• unlikely to judge or offend others


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Paul Hindemith(1865-1963)

  • Composed musical component in 1940

  • One of four founders of musical modernism

  • Inspired by Bach

  • Representative of neo-classical school

  • One of greatest German composers of century


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George Balanchine(1904-1983)

  • Choreographed ballet in 1946

  • Founded New York City Ballet

  • Formulated American style of ballet characterized by quick, precise, syncopated movement


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Hindemith’s Composition

  • Instrumentals comprised of strings supplemented by piano

  • Broken up into three themes, four temperaments

  • Draws on characteristics associated with the humors

  • Neo-classic in style


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Transformation to Ballet

  • Emphasis on simplicity

    • Lack of set

    • Minimal lighting effects

    • No real costuming—practice attire

    • Plotless

    • Uninterrupted flow

    • Why?


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Manifestation of Music in Movement

  • Movement provides percussion to punctuate music

  • Lean, angular style reflected in both mediums

  • Syncopated movement corresponds to musical dynamic


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Manifestation of Music in Movement

  • First theme

    • Introductory strains of music reflected in salutation of movement

    • Partnership illustrates burgeoning musical theme

    • Convoluted shapes allude to neo-classical structure of music


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