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MBTI - 4 Temperaments PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Myers Briggs type indicators facilitate our understanding of people with various personality ‘types.’ Today, we’ll focus on how “The Four Temperaments” arise from the combination of the four dimensions to yield 16 “type indicators.” . MBTI - 4 Temperaments. Guardians(sj) Rationals(nt)

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MBTI - 4 Temperaments

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Myers Briggs type indicators facilitate our understanding of people with various personality ‘types.’

Today, we’ll focus on how “The Four

Temperaments” arise from the combination of the four dimensions to yield 16 “type indicators.”

MBTI - 4 Temperaments





Myers Briggs Dimensions of TemperamentYour preferences in action

  • Are you one of those organized workers who always gets your projects in before they're due?

  • Or do you put off getting the job done until the very last possible moment?

  • Is your boss someone who readily lets you know how you're doing? Or do they always leave you unsure of precisely where you stand?

  • Do you find that a few people on your staff are incredibly creative but can never seem to get to a meeting on time?

  • Do others require a specific agenda at the meeting in order to focus on the job at hand?

  • Recognize your own type and those of your coworkers using Myers Briggs Type Indicators

Myers Briggs Dimensions of TemperamentYour preferences in action

  • Extraversion / Introversion

    • Where do you get your energy - what “charges your batteries” - group think vs.. introspection, perhaps.

  • Sensing / Intuition

    • How do you gather information. Present / future, practical / imaginative, details / patterns, sequential / random

  • Thinking / Feeling

    • How do you make decisions ?

    • Thinking/feeling, laws/circumstances, justice/mercy

  • Judgment / Perception

    • How do you organize your environment

    • Planned / open ended, control / adapt, resolved / pending

Guardians (sj)

  • Administrators

    • Inspector (iStJ)

    • Supervisor (eStJ)

  • Conservators

    • Protector (iSfJ)

    • Provider (eSfJ)

Guardians (sj)

  • CONCRETE communication

  • COOPERATIVE in achieving goals

  • Skilled in logistics

  • 40% - 45% of the population

  • Security seeking

  • Enculturating as parents, helpmates as spouses, conformity oriented as children

Guardians (sj)

Being CONCRETE in communicating & COOPERATIVE in achieving goals, can become highly skilled in LOGISTICS.

Thus their best skills are supervising & inspecting (SJT administering), or supplying and protecting (SJF conserving).

They are proud of themselves to the extent they are effective in action, do good deeds, and feel confident of themselves.

In search of security as they are the "Security Seeking Personality" -- they trust in legitimacy and hunger for membership.

20 of the presidents of the US have been “sj” types.

  • Isabel Myers attributed: dependable, factual, good maintainers, painstaking, routinized, thorough, conservative,consistent, detailed, hard-working, patient, persevering, sensible, stable, and unimpulsive.

Rationals (nt)

  • Engineers

    • Architect (iNTp)

    • Inventor (eNTp)

  • Coordinators

    • Mastermind (iNTj)

    • Fieldmarshal (eNTj)

Rationals (nt)

  • ABSTRACT communication

  • Utilitarian in achieving goals


  • 5% - 7% of the population

  • Knowledge seeking

  • Individualizing as parents, mindmates as spouses, learning oriented as children.

Rationals (nt)

  • Their most practiced and developed intelligent operations tend to be marshalling and planning (NTJ organizing). iNTj is considered the most independent of all the types.

  • They are proud of themselves when they feel competence in action, in the degree to which they are autonomous, and their confidence is bolstered by their strong will.

  • Ever in search of achievement, this is the “knowledge seeking” personality -- trusting in reason and hungering for achievement.

  • They tend to migrate toward the sciences and technology.

  • They are infrequent in the population, comprising no more than 7%.

  • There have been 8 “nt” presidents of the US.

Idealists (nf)

  • Advocates

    • Healer (iNFp)

    • Champion (eNFp)

  • Mentors

    • Counselor (iNFj)

    • Teacher (eNFj)

Idealists (nf)

  • ABSTRACT communication

  • COOPERATIVE in achieving goals

  • Diplomatic Integration

  • 8% - 10% of the population

  • Encourage imagination & fantasy in their children,

  • spiritual intimacy with spouse, strive for consensus, and continual self renewal for themselves.

Idealists (nf)

  • Can become highly skilled in DIPLOMATIC INTEGRATION. Most practiced & developed in teaching & counseling (NFJ mentoring), or conferring & tutoring (NFP advocating).

  • Strive to be sages in one of these forms of social development. Instinct for interpersonal integration, and often speak interpretively and metaphorically of the abstract world of their imagination.

  • They are proud of themselves when empathic in action, and benevolent, and feel confident of themselves in the degree they are authentic. This is the “Identity Seeking” personality. Often prominent in the humanities, ethics / law, and personnel work.

  • There has never been an “nf” president of the US.

Artisans (sp)

  • Entertainers

    • Composer (iSfP)

    • Performer (eSfP)

  • Operators

    • Crafter (iStP)

    • Promoter (eStP)

Artisans (sp)

  • CONCRETE communication

  • UTILITARIAN in achieving goals

  • Skilled in tactical variation

  • 35% - 40% of the population

  • Sensation Seeking

  • They tend to be permissive as parents, playmates as spouses, and play oriented as children

Artisans (sp)

  • Being CONCRETE in communicating, and UTILITARIAN in achieving goals, they can be highly skilled in TACTICAL VARIATION. They tend to be successful in promoting and operating (SPT expediting), or displaying and composing (SPF improvising). They would be virtuosos of these artistic operations.

  • They are proud of themselves in the degree they are graceful in action, daring, and feel confident of themselves when highly adaptable.

  • This is the “Sensation Seeking” personality -- trusting in spontaneity and hungering for impact on others. Their preferred time and place is the ‘here and now.’

  • They tend to be permissive as parents, playmates as spouses, and play oriented as children. There have been 12 “sp” presidents.

Who We Are

  • Results of the MBTI assessments.

Typical values ?

Dept.Vs.Gen’l Population ?

Slices of Pie ?

Citations / Resources ?

Q&A ?

MBTI - Midyear 2001DepartmentTypical Dimensions

MBTI - Dept. Vs. Gen’l Population

MBTI-Dept. Distribution Midyear 2001

Citations and resources

  • Please Understand Me, An Essay on Temperament Styles, by David Keirsey and Marilyn Bates.

    • Prometheus Nemesis Book Company. One of the more widely known books describing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It includes a self-test (many do not consider it to be as good as the "real" MBTI test). See http://www.keirsey.com. By far the best web site on the subject I came across.

  • Gifts Differing, Isabel Briggs-Myers (with Peter Myers). Consulting Psychologists Press, 1980 ISBN 0-89106-011-1 (pb) 0-89106-015-4 (hb).

    • The real Please Understand Me, from the horse's mouth (i.e., the daughter in the original mother/daughter pair). No self-test included.

  • http://www.delta-associates.com/mbti.html . Self test only with authorization.

  • Looking at Type: The Fundamentals by Charles Martin, Ph.D. This is the book we got when we took the tests.

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