INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IN INDONESIA. Mudjito Director for the Management of Special School. The General Information on Country. Education System. Formal : Kindergarten (2 years) Elementary School (at least 6 years) Junior Secondary School (at least 3 years)
Director for the Management of Special School
The Government are obliged to implement basic education of minimum 9 years for all children.
The state, governments, families and parents are obliged to give opportunities as extensive as possible to children to receive education.
Children with physical and/or mental disabilities are given equal opportunities and accessibility to obtain ordinary and special education.
Children with excellence are given opportunities and accessibility to obtain special education.
The governments are responsible for providing educational fee and/or grants or special service for children of poor family, disadvantaged children, and children from remote places.
Children in and around the school must be protected from violence and abuse done by teachers, school staffs or peers in related school, or in other educational nstitutions.
Government Regulation on Education Organization and Management No. 17 Year 2010Article 142
Paragraph (2): The District / City Government on permits from the provincial government should set for at least 1 (one) unit of education for implementation of inclusive and / or integrated education, if under the relevant district has not already exist for special education unit.
Paragraph (3): The provincial government ensures that the education unit of inclusion and / or integrated education as of referred to under paragraph (2) provide for means, teachers, and staffs required by pupils with special needs.
Paragraph (4): Universities and colleges must provide inclusive and / or integrated educational services for pupils with special needs.
Paragraph (5): Government guarantees of at least 1 (one) college in each province to provide facilities, faculty, and staff required for implementation of inclusion and / or integrated education for pupils with special needs.
Regulation of Minister of National Education on Inclusive Education No. 70 year 2009
Paragraph 1: Each pupil is eligible to joint the education in a particular educational unit in accordance with their needs and abilities
Paragraph 2: Every unit of education from various channels, types and levels of education must accept the children with special needs
Paragraph 3: The Government, Provincial Government and Regency / City Government shall provide supporting resources to the education unit of inclusive education in accordance with their authorities.
2004 Bandung Declaration (Indonesia Towards to Inclusive Education) held in Bandung from the 8th until the 14th August 2004
Bukittinggi Declaration (International) of 2005
Circular Letter of Director General of Elementary and Secondary Education No.380/C.C6/MN/2003 concerning Inclusive Education;
Guideline of Inclusive Education Implementation (Toolkit, Remedial and Assesment Guidance for Children with Academic Difficulties, Model of Teaching Materials, etc);
Helen Keller International USAID
IDP Braillo Norway
Subsidy for e-learning equipment
Provision manual books about the implementation of inclusive education programs for parents and the community
Subsidy for accessibility, infrastructure, operational for inclusive school, and accompaniment by the College.
Scholarships for children with disabilities in inclusive schools
Workshops on inclusive educationSubsidy of School Operational Budget
Inclusive Education Award
Some members of community still think that Children with Special Needs (Disabled) are infectious;
Some members of community still think that Children with Special Needs (in negative curve) are germs/miracle curse (disgrace) on the families and environment;
Some members of community still think that if Children with Special Needs go to regular schools, they will decrease the quality such schools;
Accepting Children with Special Needs at regular schools will put more burden on teachers in implementing both teaching-earning and social tasks;
Some members of community still think that Children with Special Needs must go to special schools.
Implementation of Inclusive School Model With Task-Satellite System
National Campaign on the importance of inclusive education
Improvement on capability of teachers, principals and supervisors under implementation of pre-in service training
Preparation for implementative technical manual for inclusive education