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LIBERIA’S Joint Needs Assessment & Results-Focused Transition Framework. Christian G Herbert Minister of Planning and Economic Affairs National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL) Nairobi, November 2005. Background to the RFTF. Decades of peace, prosperity and good neighbourliness

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LIBERIA’S Joint Needs Assessment & Results-Focused Transition Framework

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LIBERIA’S Joint Needs Assessment & Results-Focused Transition Framework

Christian G Herbert

Minister of Planning and Economic Affairs

National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL)

Nairobi, November 2005


Background to the RFTF

  • Decades of peace, prosperity and good neighbourliness

  • Policy failures, bad governance and poverty

  • Failed political transition

  • Years devastating civil war

  • Isolated Government, divided country, unstable region

  • A NEW BEGINNING: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (Accra, August 2003) and UN SC Resolution 1509.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


The Stakeholders

  • Liberian People

    • National Transition Government of Liberia (NTGL)

    • The Former Warring Factions

    • Civil Society Organisations (including women, labour, & youth organisations; CBOs, the media and political parties).

    • Local Private Sector and Business Groups

  • Local and International NGOs

  • Regional Groupings – AU, ECOWAS & MRU

  • United Nations, World Bank and IMF

  • Wider International Community

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


The Vision

  • A secure and enabling environment leading to democratic elections and recovery through the scrupulous implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement under a cohesive, accountable and adequately resourced Transition Government at the service of the Liberian people.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


The Focus

  • Implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) & UN SC 1509.

  • Two-year transition period 2004 – 2005

  • National priorities

  • Funding gaps (humanitarian emergency, recovery and reconstruction)

  • Capacity building and absorptive potential

  • Results-orientation.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Guiding Principles

  • National ownership

  • Effective participation and inclusion

  • Building on existing national capacity

  • NTGL leadership

  • ‘One team approach’

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Needs Assessment Methodology

  • Review of baseline documents

  • Govt-commissioned thematic reports and inputs

  • Sector working papers

  • Limited field observations

  • Focus group consultations

  • Thematic workshops

  • National stakeholder consultations

  • High-level summit

  • Use of local consultants, international experts and advisory services from UN System, WB and IMF

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


The RFTF Clusters

  • Security

  • DDRR Process

  • Repatriation,Reintegration, Rehabilitation, and Reconstruction - Refugees, Returnees and IDPs

  • Good Governance and Democratic Development

  • Elections

  • Basic Services

  • Restoration of Productive Capacity

  • Infrastructure

  • Economic Policy & Development Strategy

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Cross-cutting Themes

  • Gender

  • Environment

  • Human Rights

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Shelter, Housing & Property Rights

  • Timber Production and Management

  • Media Development

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Reconstruction Costs

  • The total financial requirements to fully realise the RFTF is US$486 million.

  • In addition, earlier identified needs in the CAP 2004 total US$179m.

  • All of the identified needs require external donor assistance. 

  • LRC, New York February 24 2004, realised US$522m in pledges.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Multiple Funding Scenario

  • Weakened national financial management and accountability mechanisms.

  • Donors preferred their own funding mechanisms

    • Pooled sources through established TFs – e.g UNDP-managed LEGTF, DDRR TFs

    • Direct funding by donors

  • Parallel: NTGL’s own (limited) resources

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Coordination Mechanism

  • National level RFTF Implementation Monitoring and Coordinating body (RIMCO) chaired by the Head of State, co-chaired by two partners - UN RC and WB Director.

  • Technical level RFTF Working Committees chaired by relevant line ministries or national institution, co-chaired by two partners - drawn from national and donor institutions.

  • RIMCO support Office based in the Ministry of Planning.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Lessons Learned - JNA

  • Overcomes the traditional dichotomy between emergency relief & recovery

  • Blends the political (CPA), security (UNSC 1509) and reconstruction imperatives into a seamless development framework (RFTF).

  • Cluster approach facilitates focus on results and outcomes, NOT technical issues and agency mandates

  • Stakeholder consultations provided much needed reality checks and sense of ownership

  • RFTF became the instrument for national development management, partnerships and resource mobilisation

  • Remains the platform for future development strategy – MDG-based Poverty Reduction Strategy.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Lessons Learned – JNA II

  • Absence of capacity building as a major issue and cost item in the JNA was a drawback.

  • Cross-cutting themes, like capacity building should be explicitly factored into the results matrix and budgeted accordingly

  • Limited access and reliable data are a serious handicap, leading to serious under-assessment of needs. Once access is guaranteed, annual or mid-term review of JNA is necessary to validate targets and priorities and keep on track.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Lessons Learned - Coordination

  • Coordination and funding mechanisms are better finalised during the JNA. This would help avoid time lags and long-drawn arguments.

  • Focus on few, even if broad, critical result areas. Too many clusters further constrain limited national capacity to coordinate, monitor & report implementation progress.

  • Exit strategy (e.g PRS or MDG-based Plan) should be foreseen and Planned ahead.

  • Dedicated capacity and financial support required to support cluster level activities

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Lessons Learned – Coordination II

  • In a multiple funding environment, implementing NGOs have multiple reporting roles which require special attention to delineate and monitor.

  • Multiple funding arrangements create tension with national ownership, unless mandatory financial reporting responsibilities are established.

  • Trust Funds work better as independent, multi-donor mechanism and potential source of national capacity building for project financial and operational management.

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


Guide to the FUTURE

  • Focus – on results

  • Unity of purpose

  • Team approach

  • Unity of direction

  • Results orientation

  • Empower national counterparts

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THANK YOU!!!

Somali JNA Retreat Nairobi, 24 November 2005


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