Ch 1 causes for exploration of the new world 1492 1700
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Ch. 1 Causes for Exploration of the New World(1492-1700) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ch. 1 Causes for Exploration of the New World(1492-1700). By Matthew Pippin. Series of wars fought in the Middle Ages by Christians to conquer the Holy land from the Muslims. Crusades. European period of renewed interest in the sciences, art , and literature. Renaissance.

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Ch. 1 Causes for Exploration of the New World(1492-1700)

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Ch. 1 Causes for Exploration of the New World(1492-1700)

  • By Matthew Pippin


Series of wars fought in the Middle Ages by Christians to conquer the Holy land from the Muslims

  • Crusades


European period of renewed interest in the sciences, art , and literature.

  • Renaissance


Began the movement to reform the Catholic Church

  • Martin Luther


16th Century movement resulting in the separation of the Protestant churches from the Roman Catholic Church.

  • Reformation


An explorer representing Spain who set out to find a new route to Asia in 1492 and marked the beginning of European Colonization.

  • Christopher Columbus


Exchange of crops, plants, animals and diseases between Europeans and Native Americans

  • Colombian Exchange


Spanish explorers and soldiers who conquered Native American empires.

  • Conquistadors


Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs in Mexico

  • Hernando Cortez


Searched for “Seven Cities of Gold” in present-day southwestern United States.

  • Francisco Coronado


Conquered Incas in Peru with metal-clad soldiers

  • Francisco Pizarro


Searched for gold in the present-day southeastern U.S. and discovered the Mississippi River.

  • Hernando de Soto


Desoto’s path


Searched for “Fountain of Youth” in Florida

Juan Ponce de Leon


Ponce de Leon’s travels


Economic policy which favors exports over imports to increase a nation’s gold reserves.

  • Mercantilism


First city founded by Europeans in North America

  • St. Augustine


A private company that sells shares to investors

  • Joint-stock company


Colonial government made of elected representatives

  • House of Burgesses


Large estate farmed by many workers

  • Plantation


People who signed a contract to work for a certain length of time in exchange for passage to the colonies.

  • Indentured servants


Colonial trade routes between the Caribbean, New England, and Africa.

  • Triangular Trade


Agreement that the Pilgrims signed before landing at Plymouth

  • Mayflower Compact


First successful English Colony in present day U.S.

  • James Town


Summary of factors leading to New World Exploration

  • 1. The Crusades increased European desire for Asian spices and cloth

  • 2. Europeans desired new trade routes to Indian and China

  • 3. Navigation skills improved

  • 4. Methods of Warfare improved

  • 5. Leaders desired more land and power

  • 6. People were searching for religious freedom.


First attempt by the English to colonize the new world.

  • Roanoke or also called the Lost Colony


Ch. 2 The Revolutionary and the War of 1812


Act that required the colonist to only trade with Great Britain

  • Navigation Act


Search warrants that gave customs officials the right to search anywhere for illegal goods.

  • Writs of assistance


Conflict between French and British in North America also called the Seven Years War.

  • French and Indian War


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