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Study Skills. Study Skills. College is different from High School There may be no assigned homework other than reading; no one will check on whether you’ve done it or not Feedback is less frequent Grades are based primarily based on results of exams and quizzes not regular homework

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Study Skills

  • College is different from High School

    • There may be no assigned homework other than reading; no one will check on whether you’ve done it or not

    • Feedback is less frequent

      • Grades are based primarily based on results of exams and quizzes not regular homework

    • Studying is therefore self-paced


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Study Skills

  • How to study

    • Massed vs spaced learning

    • Studying to prevent forgetting

  • When to study

    • Time management

    • Prioritize and plan


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How to Study

  • Massed vs spaced learning

    • Massed learning  cramming

    • Spaced learning  space learning out over time

  • Spaced learning is more efficient than massed learning


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How to Study

  • With spaced learning, more material can be learned in the same amount of time

    • i.e., More material can be learned during 2 – 30 minute study sessions than 1 – 1 hour study session

    • Spaced learning offsets encoding failures due to fatigue and poor concentration

  • Material is retained for longer periods


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How to Study: Prevent Forgetting

  • Elaborative Rehearsal  Make it meaningful

    • Think about what you already know about the topic and tie the new information into existing information

    • Make up examples based on your personal experience


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How to Study: Prevent Forgetting

  • Overlearn 

    • just because you have read and understand the material does not mean you will remember it

    • Continue to review and rehearse the information to strengthen the memory


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How to Study: Prevent Forgetting

  • Don’t get tripped up by unexpected wording on an exam

    • Test yourself by asking the question in a number of different ways

    • Better yet, study with a friend and test one another


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How to Study: Prevent Forgetting

  • Avoid interference  The last thing you study should be material for your exam the next day

  • Ensure encoding  remembering requires attention and concentration

    • Study somewhere with minimal distractions

    • Study during the day, when you are most alert


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Time Management: Weekly

  • Rule of Thumb

    • study 2-3 hours for each credit, each week

    • Thus, you should devote 6 to 9 hours to studying each week for a 3-credit course

    • Yes, four courses is a full-time job!


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Time Management: Weekly

  • Make a study schedule and stick to it

    • Plan 1-2 hours for reading the text prior to each class

    • Devote 30 minutes to 1 hour following each class to reviewing and editing notes

    • Devote additional time during the week to:

      • Rereading and highlighting the text

      • Reviewing notes

      • Taking practice quizzes at the end of each chapter

      • Teaching the material to someone else


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Time Management: Weekly

  • Plan in time to rest and relax

    • Do not study while eating

    • If you have a favorite tv show or a regularly scheduled activity, plan studying around it

    • Eat well and get enough exercise

    • Try to get 7-8 hours of sleep per night


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Time Management: Monthly and Beyond

  • Prioritize and Plan

    • Allot time according to difficulty

      • Spend more time on your most difficult class and relatively less time on your easier classes

    • Be aware of deadlines and exam schedules

      • If you space out your studying, you will know what you don’t understand and can ask questions

      • You will not need to “cram” the night before the exam!

    • A good night’s sleep is critical for good performance


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