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SYNTAX. Yılmaz Kılıçaslan. Outline. Language is not a linear system.

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### SYNTAX

Yılmaz Kılıçaslan

Language is not a linear system

If you want to know which verb the adverb attaches to, the infant reflexively using minimal structural distance, not minimal linear distance. Well, it's using minimal linear distances, computationally easy, but it requires having linear order available. And if linear order is only a reflex of the sensory-motor system, which makes sense, it won't be available. That's evidence that the mapping of the internal system to the sensory-motor system is peripheral to the workings of the computational system.(from a conversation with Noam Chomsky on Where Artificial Intelligence Went Wrong, Interviewer: Yarden Katz)

A more complex sentence in English

S

S N, V

NP N

NP adj, NP

DP

V

DP D, N

bark

DP D

D

NP

the

Adj

NP

big

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs

A much more complex sentence in English

S

S N, VP

NP N

NP adj, NP

DP

VP

DP D, NP

DP D

VP V

D

DP

V

NP

ate

VP V, DP

the

DP DØ, NP

D

Adj

NP

N

a

bone

big

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs

A Tense Phrase

TP

TP DP, Tbar

Tbar T, VP

Tbar

DP

Tbar TØ, VP (Tbar VP)

DP D, NP

T

VP

were

DP D

NP

D

DP DØ, NP (DP NP)

the

NP adj, NP

DP

V

NP N

NP

eating

Adj

VP V

big

D

N

VP V, DP

a

bone

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs

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