Syntax
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SYNTAX. Yılmaz Kılıçaslan. Outline. Language is not a linear system.

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SYNTAX

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Syntax

SYNTAX

Yılmaz Kılıçaslan


Outline

Outline


Language is not a linear system

Language is not a linear system

If you want to know which verb the adverb attaches to, the infant reflexively using minimal structural distance, not minimal linear distance. Well, it's using minimal linear distances, computationally easy, but it requires having linear order available. And if linear order is only a reflex of the sensory-motor system, which makes sense, it won't be available. That's evidence that the mapping of the internal system to the sensory-motor system is peripheral to the workings of the computational system.(from a conversation with Noam Chomsky on Where Artificial Intelligence Went Wrong, Interviewer: Yarden Katz)


The simplest sentence in english

The simplest sentence in English

S

N

V

dogs

bark

S  N, V


A more complex sentence in english

A more complex sentence in English

S

S  N, V

NP N

NP adj, NP

DP

V

DP  D, N

bark

DP  D

D

NP

the

Adj

NP

big

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs


A much more complex sentence in english

A much more complex sentence in English

S

S  N, VP

NP N

NP adj, NP

DP

VP

DP  D, NP

DP  D

VP  V

D

DP

V

NP

ate

VP  V, DP

the

DP  DØ, NP

D

Adj

NP

N

a

bone

big

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs


A tense phrase

A Tense Phrase

TP

TP  DP, Tbar

Tbar  T, VP

Tbar

DP

Tbar  TØ, VP (Tbar  VP)

DP  D, NP

T

VP

were

DP  D

NP

D

DP  DØ, NP (DP  NP)

the

NP adj, NP

DP

V

NP N

NP

eating

Adj

VP  V

big

D

N

VP  V, DP

a

bone

Adj

NP

black

N

dogs


Noun domain

Noun Domain

N3

CaseP

N3

Ø

N2

N2

Adj

Ø

N1

N3

N1

N0


Number domain

Number Domain

Num3

Num3

CaseP

Ø

Num2

Num2

Adj

Number

Num1

Num3

Num1

(Num0)

N3


Determiner domain

Determiner Domain

D3

D3

CaseP

Ø

D2

D2

Adj

Det

D1

Num3

Ø


Possessor domain

Possessor Domain

Poss3

Poss3

CaseP

Ø

Poss2

Poss2

Adj<str>

Gen

Poss1

D3

(poss0)


Syntactic schema

Syntactic Schema

X3

X3

CaseP

Ø

X2

X2

Adj

X

X1

X3

X1

X0

Y3


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