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Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts. Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up. China Becomes a Communist Nation. Objective… Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States. Summary Notes: The Chinese Civil war.

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Chapter 18 cold war conflicts
Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts

Section 2:

The Cold War Heats Up


China becomes a communist nation
China Becomes a Communist Nation

Objective…

Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States.


Summary notes the chinese civil war
Summary Notes: The Chinese Civil war

  • Communists (Leader: Mao Zedong) had been fighting the Nationalists (Leader: Chaing Kai-shek) for decades in China… The U.S. had support the Nationalists

  • The civil war subsided during the WW II Japanese invasion

  • Kai-shek becomes unpopular by taxing the poor. farmers…Mao became popular by helping the peasant farmers.

  • 1949 the Nationalist government collapses flees to Taiwan

  • Mao establishes the People’s Republic of China


Nationalists leader chiang kai shek
NationalistsLeader: Chiang Kai-shek

Communists:

Leader: Mao Zedong


1.

Chaing Kai-shek or

Nationalist Chinese differences…

Mao Zedong or Communist Chinese differences…

Similarities …


China becomes a communist nation1
China Becomes a Communist Nation

2. What was the American public’s reaction to the communist takeover in China?

How did the takeover affect American politics?

Stunned that Containment had failed

  • Truman is blamed for the lose of China

  • Americans ask why Containment was only important in Europe

  • The fear of communism runs rampant in America


IN 1950 THE TWO GREAT COMMUNIST POWERS SIGNED THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.


IN FEBRUARY OF 1950 THE TWO GREAT COMMUNIST POWERS SIGNED THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.


The korean war the u s fights in korea
The Korean War/ THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.The U.S. Fights in Korea

Objective…

Summarize the events of the

Korean War.


The division of korea
The Division THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.of Korea

3. The 38th Parallel

The dividing line between N. & S. Korea


4 how did korea become a divided nation after world war ii
4. THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.How did Korea become a divided nation after World War II?

  • North Korea

  • Korea is divided (N–S) at the 38th Parallel

  • USSR reconstructs NK

  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Kim II Sung

  • South Korea

  • US reconstructs south of the 38th parallel

  • Republic of Korea

  • 1949- 500 US troops in SK

  • Syngman Rhee


North korea attacks
North Korea Attacks… THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.

  • June, 1950 NK attacks SK

  • NK goal is unification

  • The UN Security Council votes to send troops:

    • 16 nations

    • 520,000 troops,(90% US)

    • Leader: General Douglas Mac Arthur


Stage i nk attacks june 1951
Stage I THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.NK attacks - June, 1951

Stage IIUS pushed to the Pusan PerimeterJuly, 1951


Stage iii inchon landing sept oct 1951
Stage III THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.Inchon Landing Sept. & Oct, 1951

Stage IVOct. & Nov,1951The YaluRiver


Stage v winter 1952 fighting in reverse

1952-1953 THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.Stalemate

Stage VWinter1952“Fighting in Reverse”

  • NK forced back over 38th parallel

  • MacArthur fights into NK – Yalu River

  • Nov,1950 - 300,000 Chinese attack


Stalemate in korea
Stalemate in Korea THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.

  • July, 1951- Peace talks began at Pammunjom

  • July, 1953 - Armistice announced

  • The DMZ at the 38th parallel

  • 6. How did the Korean War end?

Pammunjom38thParallel

  • STALEMATE

  • The dividing line was the same - 38th P

  • Communism was “Contained”

  • The country was stilled divided


Truman vs macarthur
Truman vs. MacArthur THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.

MacArthur demanded publically we take the war

into China & use atomic weapons

5. How did Truman & MacArthur differ over strategy in the Korean War?

  • MacArthur Criticizes HST

  • April,1951- Truman fires MacArthur

  • 69% favor MacArthur… Truman becomes very unpopular


Who is pictured why the hat
Who THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.is pictured? Why the hat?

President Truman

Truman fired MacArthur & is wearing his military hat… Truman proved who had the power & was in control of the Korean War… Civilian control of the military


Korean war summary the forgotten war
Korean War Summary THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.“The Forgotten War”

  • 54,000 American lives

  • 2M Koreans & Chinese

  • $67 - $100 billion

The Korean War Memorial


The decision to go to war in Korea is an example of Truman’s policy of: A) Internationalism B) Appeasement C) Expansion D) Containment

D) Containment


Nationalist v. Communist Chinese Truman’s policy of:

North Korea vs. South Korea

A civil war erupts… Nationalist v. Communist

North Korea attacks South Korea

Nationalists

Non-Communist

South Korea

Non-Communist

Engaged in war through a UN resolution … “Police Action”

Military aid to the Nationalists

Communist Chinese take over… Mao becomes the leader of China… Nationalists flee to Taiwan

  • Stalemate…

  • Korea divided at the 38th parallel

  • Communism is contained

Americans shocked that China fell to Communism…

Communism spread… Containment failed

Bitter about a war that had been unsuccessful & cost so many lives & so much $


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