Chapter 18 cold war conflicts
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Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts. Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up. China Becomes a Communist Nation. Objective… Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States. Summary Notes: The Chinese Civil war.

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Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts

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Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts

Section 2:

The Cold War Heats Up


China Becomes a Communist Nation

Objective…

Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States.


Summary Notes: The Chinese Civil war

  • Communists (Leader: Mao Zedong) had been fighting the Nationalists (Leader: Chaing Kai-shek) for decades in China… The U.S. had support the Nationalists

  • The civil war subsided during the WW II Japanese invasion

  • Kai-shek becomes unpopular by taxing the poor. farmers…Mao became popular by helping the peasant farmers.

  • 1949 the Nationalist government collapses flees to Taiwan

  • Mao establishes the People’s Republic of China


NationalistsLeader: Chiang Kai-shek

Communists:

Leader: Mao Zedong


1.

Chaing Kai-shek or

Nationalist Chinese differences…

Mao Zedong or Communist Chinese differences…

Similarities …


China Becomes a Communist Nation

2. What was the American public’s reaction to the communist takeover in China?

How did the takeover affect American politics?

Stunned that Containment had failed

  • Truman is blamed for the lose of China

  • Americans ask why Containment was only important in Europe

  • The fear of communism runs rampant in America


IN 1950 THE TWO GREAT COMMUNIST POWERS SIGNED THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.


IN FEBRUARY OF 1950 THE TWO GREAT COMMUNIST POWERS SIGNED THE SINO-SOVIET PACT. THIS CREATED A BILATERAL DEFENSE COMMITMENT AND SETTLED BOUNDARY ISSUES. THE USSR ALSO AGREED TO PROVIDE LIMITED AID TO CHINA.


The Korean War/ The U.S. Fights in Korea

Objective…

Summarize the events of the

Korean War.


The Division of Korea

3. The 38th Parallel

The dividing line between N. & S. Korea


4. How did Korea become a divided nation after World War II?

  • North Korea

  • Korea is divided (N–S) at the 38th Parallel

  • USSR reconstructs NK

  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Kim II Sung

  • South Korea

  • US reconstructs south of the 38th parallel

  • Republic of Korea

  • 1949- 500 US troops in SK

  • Syngman Rhee


North Korea Attacks…

  • June, 1950 NK attacks SK

  • NK goal is unification

  • The UN Security Council votes to send troops:

    • 16 nations

    • 520,000 troops,(90% US)

    • Leader: General Douglas Mac Arthur


Stage INK attacks - June, 1951

Stage IIUS pushed to the Pusan PerimeterJuly, 1951


Stage IIIInchon Landing Sept. & Oct, 1951

Stage IVOct. & Nov,1951The YaluRiver


1952-1953 Stalemate

Stage VWinter1952“Fighting in Reverse”

  • NK forced back over 38th parallel

  • MacArthur fights into NK – Yalu River

  • Nov,1950 - 300,000 Chinese attack


Stalemate in Korea

  • July, 1951- Peace talks began at Pammunjom

  • July, 1953 - Armistice announced

  • The DMZ at the 38th parallel

  • 6. How did the Korean War end?

Pammunjom38thParallel

  • STALEMATE

  • The dividing line was the same - 38th P

  • Communism was “Contained”

  • The country was stilled divided


Truman vs. MacArthur

MacArthur demanded publically we take the war

into China & use atomic weapons

5. How did Truman & MacArthur differ over strategy in the Korean War?

  • MacArthur Criticizes HST

  • April,1951- Truman fires MacArthur

  • 69% favor MacArthur… Truman becomes very unpopular


Who is pictured? Why the hat?

President Truman

Truman fired MacArthur & is wearing his military hat… Truman proved who had the power & was in control of the Korean War… Civilian control of the military


Korean War Summary“The Forgotten War”

  • 54,000 American lives

  • 2M Koreans & Chinese

  • $67 - $100 billion

The Korean War Memorial


The decision to go to war in Korea is an example of Truman’s policy of:A) InternationalismB) AppeasementC) ExpansionD) Containment

D) Containment


Nationalist v. Communist Chinese

North Korea vs. South Korea

A civil war erupts… Nationalist v. Communist

North Korea attacks South Korea

Nationalists

Non-Communist

South Korea

Non-Communist

Engaged in war through a UN resolution … “Police Action”

Military aid to the Nationalists

Communist Chinese take over… Mao becomes the leader of China… Nationalists flee to Taiwan

  • Stalemate…

  • Korea divided at the 38th parallel

  • Communism is contained

Americans shocked that China fell to Communism…

Communism spread… Containment failed

Bitter about a war that had been unsuccessful & cost so many lives & so much $


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