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Digestive System. Ms. Bowman. Digestive System. Functions Takes food in Breaks food down into nutrient molecules Absorbs nutrients into the bloodstream Rids the body of indigestible remains Organs of digestive system fall into 2 categories Those of alimentary canal Accessory organs.

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Digestive system

Digestive System

Ms. Bowman


Digestive system1
Digestive System

  • Functions

    • Takes food in

    • Breaks food down into nutrient molecules

    • Absorbs nutrients into the bloodstream

    • Rids the body of indigestible remains

  • Organs of digestive system fall into 2 categories

    • Those of alimentary canal

    • Accessory organs


Alimentary canal
Alimentary Canal

  • Also called gastrointestinal (GI) tract

  • Continuous muscular digestive tube that winds through the body

  • Functions

    • Digests food

    • Absorbs nutrients through lining into the blood

  • Organs

    • Mouth

    • Pharynx

    • Esophagus

    • Stomach

    • Small intestine

    • Large intestine

    • Anus


Alimentary canal1
Alimentary Canal

  • Over 30 ft in length

  • The food material in this canal is technically outside the body because the canal is open to the external environment at both ends


Accessory organs
Accessory Organs

  • Teeth

  • Tongue

  • Gallbladder

  • Salivary glands

  • Liver

  • pancreas


Digestive process
Digestive Process

  • Ingestion-taking food into the mouth

  • Propulsion-moves food through the alimentary canal

    • Includes swallowing and peristalsis (major means of propulsion; involves alternating waves of contraction and relaxation of muscles in the organ walls

  • Mechanical Digestion-physically prepares food for chemical digestion by enzymes

    • Includes chewing, mixing of food with saliva by tongue, churning food in the stomach, and segmentation (mixes food with digestive juices and increases efficiency of absorption)

  • Chemical Digestion-series of catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down into their chemical building blocks

    • Food broken down by enzymes

    • Starts in the mouth and is complete in the small intestine


Digestive process1
Digestive Process

  • Absorption-passage of digested end products from the GI tract through the mucosal cells into the blood or lymph

    • Small intestine is the major absorptive site

  • Defecation-eliminates indigestible substances from the body via the anus in the form of feces


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