Ethics. What are the BIG Questions? Think – Pair - Share. Some Ethical Questions In General. How should we act? What is right? What is wrong? What is just? What is reasonable?. Specifically. To what ethical standards should politicians be held? How should we help the poor?
What are the BIG Questions?
Think – Pair - Share
How should we act?
What is right?
What is wrong?
What is just?
What is reasonable?
To what ethical standards should politicians be held?
How should we help the poor?
How should we deal with individuals who break the law?
“Ethics is a code of values which guide our choices and actions and determine the purpose and course of our lives” Ayn Rand
“Morality, when formal , devours.” Albert Camus
“A man without ethics is a wild beast loose upon this world” Manley Hall
“Morality is the best of all devices for leading mankind by the nose.” Friedrich Nietzsche
“A moral being is one who is capable of comparing his past and future actions or motives, and of approving or disapproving of them.” Charles Darwin
“The first step in the evolution of ethics is a sense of solidarity with other human beings” Albert Schweitzer
Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the study of how to live life and how to treat others
(good or bad – right or wrong)
Branch of philosophy most closely related to everyday life
Can be traced back to its founder, Socrates
Its study never waned and continues today
The polarity of its nature makes its study somewhat dangerous
It is susceptible to the “fad phenomenon”
Causes of diverse opinions on ethics:
Dynamics of a dramatically changing world
Raised awareness of the ideas and values of others (concept of the global village)
religion – culture- customs – norms
acquired through nurture (upbringing)
adopted by influences or pressures
Determine and defend our own ethical
Understand the ethical position of others
Help us make well-reasoned decisions in
tough situations where many options are
Help us decide how we want to live our lives
1. Deals with the questions of what we should do
how we should act in specific situations
Deals with the foundation upon which ethical positions and points are built
How we can explain and justify our own ethical positions while understanding those of others
What is the origin of ethical principles?
Is it possible or even necessary to come to an ethical agreement
Do ethical absolutes exist or are ethics particular to a specific time and place?
Can we apply an ethical theory to a specific case and be sure of the answer?
How can we judge if an action is ethically correct? especially on controversial issues
Do we have the free will to act as we wish?