Psya4 addictive behaviour
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PSYA4 Addictive Behaviour. Pub Quiz 2 Models of Prevention and Types of Interventions. Round 1. What does TRA stand for? 1 Who first described the TRA? 1 Which factors is intention a function of?2

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PSYA4 Addictive Behaviour

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Psya4 addictive behaviour

PSYA4 Addictive Behaviour

Pub Quiz 2

Models of Prevention and Types of Interventions


Round 1

Round 1

  • What does TRA stand for? 1

  • Who first described the TRA? 1

  • Which factors is intention a function of?2

  • What is alcohol myopia? How might it affect a person’s ability to give up an addiction?2

  • How is the TRA culture biased?1


Round 2

Round 2

  • What does TPB stand for?1

  • How is the TPB different to the TRA?1

  • What research evidence is there that the TPB is better than the TRA?1

  • Why are the TRA and TPB criticised for being too rational?1

  • What type of research did Armitage and Conner do and what did they find?2


Round 3

Round 3

  • Name 2 Biological interventions.2

  • How does methadone work?1

  • How does naltrexone reduce the urge to gamble?1

  • Give one limitation of Hollander’s research using SSRIs.1

  • Give one problem with methadone treatment.1


Round 4

Round 4

  • Name 2 psychological interventions.2

  • What did Sindelar find when he rewarded those on methadone treatment with money rewards?1

  • Give one limitation of giving rewards.1

  • How does CBT help addicts?1

  • What does intervention bias mean in terms of addiction?1


Round 5

Round 5

  • Name 2 Public Health Interventions.2

  • What was the primary objective of the smoking ban in 2007?1

  • Name the 4 conditions in the NIDA study. Which condition proved most effective?5

  • What did West find in 2009 to suggests the smoking ban was less effective than expected?1

  • What did Beckham et al find in 2008?1


Answers round 1

Answers - Round 1

  • What does TRA stand for? 1

  • Theory of reasoned action

  • Who first described the TRA? 1

  • Ajzen and Fishbein, 1975

  • Which factors is intention a function of?2

  • Personal (behavioural attitude) and Social (subjective norms)

  • What is alcohol myopia? How might it affect a person’s ability to give up an addiction?2

  • Alcohol decreasing cognitive capacity

  • Might be under influence of alcohol or drugs so does not carry out intended behaviour i.e giving up

  • How is the TRA culture biased?1

  • Developed in USA an individualistic culture. Different results in Japan and China


Answers round 2

Answers Round 2

  • What does TPB stand for?1

  • Theory of Planned Behaviour

  • How is the TPB different to the TRA?1

  • Also includes Perceived behavioural control – how well the individual thinks they will be able to perform the behaviour

  • What research evidence is there that the TPB is better than the TRA?1

  • Armitage and Conner 2001 – 6% more intention

  • Why are the TRA and TPB criticised for being too rational?1

  • Don’t take emotions, compulsions or other irrational determinants of behaviour into account

  • What type of research did Armitage and Conner do and what did they find? 2

  • Meta analysis. Successful in predicting intyention to change rather than actual behavioural change,


Answers round 3

Answers - Round 3

  • Name 2 Biological interventions.2

  • Methadone, naltrexone, SSRIs

  • How does methadone work?1

  • Mimics effects of heroine but less addictive

  • How does naltrexone reduce the urge to gamble?1

  • Reduces rewarding and reinforcing properties of gambling behaviour

  • Give one limitation of Hollander’s research using SSRIs. 1

  • Small sample size, short duration

  • Give one problem with methadone treatment.1

  • Can become addicted to it, black market, 300 deaths in UK in 2007


Answers round 4

Answers - Round 4

  • Name 2 psychological interventions.2

  • Reinforcement, CBT

  • What did Sindelar find when he rewarded those on methadone treatment with money rewards?1

  • Drug use dropped dramatically

  • Give one limitation of giving rewards.1

  • Do not address problem that caused the addiction

  • How does CBT help addicts?1

  • Help people change the way they think about their addictive behaviours

  • What does intervention bias mean in terms of addiction?1

  • Only see addict when condition well advanced so think it is difficult to treat. Screening would alleviate this.


Answers round 5

Answers - Round 5

  • Name 2 Public Health Interventions.2

  • NIDA, Quitline, Smokefree, Drink Aware, Gambling Aware, FRANK

  • What was the primary objective of the smoking ban in 2007? 1

  • Protect workers from second-hand smoke

  • Name the 4 conditions in the NIDA study. Which condition proved most effective?5

  • 1. Group drug counselling (GDC)alone, 2. GDC and CBT, 3. GDC and supportive/expressive psychotherapy, 4. Individual drug counselling and GDC. Condition 4

  • What did West find in 2009 to suggest the smoking ban was less effective than expected?1

  • Rebound effect after the ban – more gave up before the ban.

  • What did Beckham et al find in 2008?1

  • More likely to quit with a combination of counselling and medication


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