Topic: Language Diversity, Endangered/Extinct Languages, and Language Preservation. http://video.nytimes.com/video/2010/04/28/nyregion/1247467719180/city-of-endangered-languages.html?scp=1&sq=city%20of%20endangered%20languages&st=cse. Aim: Why Do People Preserve Local Languages?
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Aim: Why Do People Preserve Local Languages?
Do Now: Does anyone NOT speak the language that their parents or grandparents speak?
Video: City of Endangered Languages, NY Times
Who invented Haagen-Dazs?
What does Haagen-Dazs translate to?
Invented by Polish-American immigrants Reuben and Rose Mattus in the Bronx, NY in 1961
The name “Haagen-Dazs” is completely made up and meant to sound Scandinavian to an American consumer
Scandinavians think it sounds German
Language Diversity (Polyglot States: Countries with multiple languages spoken)Question: For what reason might multiple spoken languages be both positive and/or negative for a country?
LANGUAGES IN BELGIUM FLEMINGS in the north speak Flemish, a Dutch dialect. Walloons in the south speak French. The two groups have had difficulty sharing national power.
In Brussels, the capital of Belgium, signs are in both French and Flemish
LANGUAGE DIVERSITY IN SWITZERLAND:The map shows Switzerland’s four official languages. The photo shows a sign that prevents hikers, vehicles, and horses from entering the forest because of timber cutting. German is top left, French top right, Italian lower left, and Romansh lower right. Switzerland lives peacefully with four official languages: German (65%), French (18%), Italian (10%) and Romansh (1%)
Nigeria has more than 200 individual languages! English is the official language. Even though only 20% speak standard English, 80% speak pidgin English.
In Nigeria ethnic conflict between southern Ibos and western Yoruba led the government to move the capital to a more neutral central location (Abuja). Many other ethnic battles rage continuously.
The U.S. Constitution specifies no official language. The Supreme Court has consistently ruled that governments must assist in the learning of English, especially in the schools. However, many states and local jurisdictions provide ballots and information in multiple languages.
Should the United States (a polyglot state itself) issue official documents (or anything else) in multiple languages such as Spanish? Why or why not?
SPANGLISHA restaurant in Santa Ana, California, mixes Spanish and English.
What does it mean if something (an animal species, for example) is endangered or extinct?
Minority Languages: Spoken by minority of people in the country
Language Revival & Preservation:
*Think back to the video “City of Endangered Languages” - what were some of the techniques used to preserve endangered languages?
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda created first modern Hebrew dictionary
Had to create words for objects that didn’t exist in biblical times
One of the leaders of Zionist movement
2. Celtic: preserving an endangered language
In Jerusalem a street was named after New York City to show support after 911. Hebrew, Arabic, English