The resurrection of jesus in the new testament
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The Resurrection of Jesus in the New Testament. What is Resurrection?. Resurrection - a transition from mortal life on earth, through physical death, to a new, completely different, form of immortal life: . It is not:.

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What is resurrection
What is Resurrection?

Resurrection - a transition from mortal life on earth, through physical death, to a new, completely different, form of immortal life:


It is not
It is not:

  • Resuscitation - the restoration or revival of a person from a coma, unconsciousness, or apparent death back to the same earthly life.


Or

  • Reanimation - the rejoining of an earthly body with the same soul (or a new soul?) after a temporary separation.


Or

  • Reincarnation - the rebirth of a soul into a new & different but still physical & mortal body (common idea in some Eastern religions).


Or

  • Immortality- the inability to die; life continuing forever (esp. a soul after its separation from a dead body).


Resurrection of the body
Resurrection of the Body

Christian belief:

  • St. Paul speaks of the “resurrection of the body. (I Cor. 15)

  • not merely the immortality of the disembodied soul.

  • a reunification of the spirit or soul with a new and immortal body.


Life after death in the hebrew bible
Life after Death in the Hebrew Bible

Earliest Stages in OT:

No belief in life after death; life simply ceases to exist:

  • The dead are often said to lie or sleep in Sheol-the place of the dead.

  • Job 14:13-14“… they will not awake or be roused out of their sleep. // If mortals die, will they live again?”


Middle Stages in OT:

Belief in a general resuscitation or reanimation of many of the dead, or the whole nation, to a renewed life on earth:

  • Isaiah 26:19 - "Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise. O Dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy!“

  • Daniel 12:2 - "Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt."


Latest Stages in OT:

Beginning beliefs in continued life after death and/or resurrection from the dead for individuals:

  • Wisdom 3:1-8 - "But the souls of the righteous are in the hand of God... In the eyes of the foolish they seemed to have died... but they are at peace... their hope is full of immortality...”

  • 2 Macabbees 7:14 - "One cannot but choose to die at the hands of men and to cherish the hope that God gives of being raised again by him."


New testament developments
New Testament Developments

Belief in resurrection from death to a new and different form of life:

  • 1 Cor 15:35-57 - Paul explains that the spiritual imperishable body will be different from the physical perishable body, as a plant differs from a seed.

  • Mark 12:25 - "For when they rise from the dead, they... are like angels in heaven."


“I am the resurrection. If anyone believes in me, even though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)


Theology of the resurrection of jesus
Theology of the though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)Resurrection of Jesus

Effect of resurrection:

  • Heralds a new age

  • Cause and basis of hope that humankind might share a similar experience

  • Because we share in the death Christ through baptism, we also share in his resurrection

  • Redemptive nature: what Adam did through sin, Christ redeems.


Theology cont
Theology (cont.) though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)

  • “Christians through faith in the working of God are spiritually resurrected with God, and are redeemed so that they may walk in new life.”


Atonement
Atonement though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)

Theological viewpoint:

  • States that through the crucifixion of Christ, humankind can be reconciled to God

  • Refers to the pardoning or forgiving of sin through the death of Christ

  • Original refers to at-one-ment: harmony or union with God


Ransom theory
Ransom Theory: though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)

Comes from early Church father Irenaeus:

  • Jesus liberates humankind from slavery to Satan (death) by giving his own life as a ransom.


Moral influence theory
Moral Influence Theory: though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)

  • All that Jesus accomplished was for the purpose of leading humans to a positive moral change.

  • Accomplished through his teachings, example, founding of Church, the power of his death and resurrection.


Resurrection did it really happen
Resurrection: Did it really happen? though he dies, he will live” (John 11:21, 23-25)

  • Many scholars question the historicity, in other words, it cannot be proven.

  • No scientific or historical evidence.

  • A matter of faith

  • Seen by some as an account of an epiphany

  • Mystical experience: experienced in an altered state (N.T. Wright)


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