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Old Testament Study of Judges. Compiled from Preaching at DBC Pastor Kevin Maki 2006. Where does Judges fit in history?. Judges ~400yrs. Conscience. Law. Kingdom. Covenant. Innocence. Genesis. Government. Grace. Ex. to Malachi. Gospels to Rev. Judges: Strict Dispensational Time.

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Old Testament Study of Judges

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Old testament study of judges

Old Testament Study of Judges

Compiled from Preaching at DBC

Pastor Kevin Maki

2006


Where does judges fit in history

Where does Judges fit in history?


Judges strict dispensational time

Judges

~400yrs.

Conscience

Law

Kingdom

Covenant

Innocence

Genesis

Government

Grace

Ex. to Malachi

Gospels to Rev.

Judges: Strict Dispensational Time

God starts in revelation and ends in judgement.

0 to 2356 yrs; to 4018 yrs; 33 A.D. to now!


Judges dispensational time

Judges

~400yrs.

Conscience

Kingdom

Covenant

Innocence

Genesis

Government

Grace

Law

Ex. to Malachi

Gospels to Rev.

Judges: Dispensational Time

God starts in revelation and ends in judgement.

0 to 2356 yrs; to 4018 yrs; 33 A.D. to now!


God said to the people

God said to the people…


God s command to israel

God’s command to Israel

Deut. 7:2,3a,5b “And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee;

thou shalt smite them, and

utterly destroy them;

thou shalt make no covenant with them,

nor show mercy unto them.

Neither shalt thou make marriages with them;

…ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.


Mistakes that people made

Mistakes that people made…


Judges 1 a little compromise

Judges 1: A little compromise

Compromise#1

v.3 Ask Simeon to help do Judah’s job!

Compromise #2

v.16 As Judah goes up against the Canaanites, they are joined by some friendly Canaanites.

Moses’ family = Kenites (Gen. 15:19)


Judges 1 a little compromise1

Judges 1: A little compromise

Compromise#3

v.19 Leave Canaanites (Chariots) in the valley!

Compromise#4

v.21 Leave Jebusites to live in Jerusalem

Compromise#5

v.25 Leave one man (and family) alive to

re-establish Luz


Judges 1 a little compromise2

Judges 1: A little compromise

Compromise #6

Tribute is collected instead of destroying cities.

God’s command Deut. 20:11

Israel’s response, Judges 1:28,33

Compromise #7

One tribe gave up their inheritance, v.34


Judges 3 the cycles of trouble

Judges 3: The cycles of trouble

v.5, Compromise #8 Israel lived among enemies

v.6, Compromise #9 Israel intermarried enemies

Result?

served the idols

v.7 used their hands: to do evil in God’s eyes

used their minds: to forget God and learn idols

What have you done/thought this week?


Judges 4 reaping what is sown

Judges 4: Reaping what is sown

Summary Sisera’s mistakes

#1 Surround troops in a mountain, v.13

#2 Park chariots near a river, v.13

#3 Enter tent of a strange woman, v.18

#4 Accept drink from a strange woman, v.19

#5 Having a woman “guard” with a lie, v.20

#6 Laying down on the job, v.20

#7 Sleeping, v.21

A military man knows better than THAT.


Godly characters in the book

Godly characters in the book…


Judges 1 a little compromise3

Judges 1: A little compromise

v.12 Reward for battle: Achsah

v.13 Caleb keeps his word and

Othniel gets a godly wife (God’s command!)

v.14,15 Proper influence from a godly woman:

On her husband – “moved him to ask”

On her father – WAITED to speak “What…”

On her family – “a blessing”


Judges 1 a little compromise4

Judges 1: A little compromise

v.20, Caleb’s leadership:

An old man > 80 yrs. (Josh. 14:6-8)

A humble man; supporting God’s selection of leadership: Moses, Joshua, Othniel

A giving man: to deserving family

A persistent man: “give me this mount!”

A thorough man: expel 3 sons (Josh. 15:14)

A brave man: not afraid of giants (Nm. 13:33, Dt. 9:2)


Judges 3 cycles of trouble

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Judges 3:10 Did it take 8 years?

Othniel the perfect judge:

1) Proven in war (ch.1:13)

2) Married a believer: Achsah

3) The Lord “raised” or established him

4) The Lord’s spirit came upon him

5) Leads Israel to complete victory in God’s time

NO COMPROMISES


Judges 3 cycles of trouble1

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Judges 3:16Skills of Ehud the judge

1) able to make his own weapon

2) designed a special weapon:

A) 2 edges (not common at that time)

B) concealable (~9 inches “gomed”)

C) matched the victim

3) prepared to get his weapon past security

4) gathered information about the king


Judges 3 cycles of trouble2

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Judges 3:15-30 Ehud: not so perfect judge

1) Compromise#6 involved with “tribute” or tax

2) No mention of the “Spirit of the Lord”; uses deception after the Lord “raises” him.

3) Ehud does give credit to the true Lord (v.28) with Israel but not before the King (v.20)

“God” <430> can be used of “gods”


Judges 3 cycles of trouble3

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Judges 3:31

Israel is delivered (again?) by a minor judge!

Enemy #1 MesopotamiaTribe: Judah

Enemy #2 MoabTribe: Benjamin

Enemy #3 Philistine (sea people)Judge: non-Israelite

Shamgar uses an oxgoad to “teach” a lesson.

600 is a common troop size.

Luke 4:18 “preach” deliverance to the captives!


Application for our day and age

Application for our day and age…


Judges 2 the sorrow of man

Judges 2: The sorrow of man

v.4,5 Israel’s response:1) scream and cry!

2) name the place: “weeping”

3) MISSING STEP

4) make a sacrifice to the LORD

What was missing?

2 Cor. 7:10

[more support: Matt. 5:24; 1 Sam. 15:22]


Judges 2 the sorrow of man1

Judges 2: The sorrow of man

Are you missing the same step as Israel?

Without true REPENTANCE there will never be true CHANGE.


Judges 2 the sorrow of man2

Judges 2: The sorrow of man

v.8 Joshua: the last record near the age limit 120


Judges 2 the sorrow of man3

Judges 2: The sorrow of man

Review v.6 “…the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.”

v.10 When Joshua (and Caleb) died why did the

Next generation NOT know the Lord

and the Lord’s works?

1) Parents’ compromise – bad example

2) Parents’ neglect – lack of teaching

3) Childrens’ purpose – possess land


Judges 2 the sorrow of man4

Reward

Sin

Obey

Listen

Deliver

Punish

Judges 2: The sorrow of man

REPENT


Judges 4 reaping what is sown1

Judges 4: Reaping what is sown

v.8

Barak is not surprised.

Why?

Notice the question again: v.6,7

“Hath not the Lord God of Israel commanded…”

Barak does not give a “yes” or “no” answer.


Judges 4 reaping what is sown2

Judges 4: Reaping what is sown

v.8

Barak was wrong to reply with conditions.

IF you come with me, I will obey God.

IF you do not come with me, I will disobey God.

Smart move, huh?


Some simple summaries

Some simple summaries…


Judges 3 cycles of trouble4

Sin

Deliver

Punish

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Cycle#1

Judges 3:11

Timeline:

1) Joshua dies.

2) 8 yrs. punishment

3) 40 yrs. rest after delivered

4) Othniel dies.

40 yrs

8 yrs


Judges 3 cycle 2 of trouble

Judges 3: Cycle #2 of trouble

An “offering” to the fatted “calf”.

The fatted “calf” is “offered”.

The judge escapes.

The body is found.

Israel is delivered!

Jude 23


Judges 3 cycles of trouble5

Sin

Deliver

Punish

Judges 3: Cycles of trouble

Cycle#2

Judges 3:31 - 4:1

Timeline:

1) Othniel dies.

2) 18 yrs. punishment

3) 80 yrs. rest after delivered

4) Minor judge: Shamgar

5) Ehud dies.

80 yrs

18 yrs


Judges 4 cycle 3 of trouble

Judges 4: Cycle #3 of trouble

An “oracle” is “offered” and re-negotiated.

The enemy assembles.

The judge strikes.

Israel is delivered!

A body is found.

Jude 22


Judges 4 cycles of trouble

Sin

Deliver

Punish

Judges 4: Cycles of trouble

Cycle#3

Judges 4:2-24

Timeline:

1) Ehud dies.

2) 20 yrs. punishment

3) 40 yrs. rest after delivered

4) Minor judge: Jael?

5) Deborah/Barak die.

40 yrs

20 yrs


Very interesting things to learn

Very interesting things to learn…


Judges puzzles

Judges Puzzles

#1 Caleb=“dog” Why? Gentile!

Gen. 26:34 Esau’s wives: both Hittites

Heathen Tribe: Kenezites

Josh. 14:6 Jephunneh the Kenezite’s son = Caleb

#2 Missing tribe? Levi (given to the Lord;

Num. 1:49,50)

Replaced by? Joseph had 2: Manasseh/Ephraim

(Gen. 48)


Judges puzzles1

Judges Puzzles

#3 Which covenant? (Judges 2:1)

Noah’s from Gen. 9:15

Abram’s from Gen. 15:18; 17:2

New from Jer. 31:31,32

#4 Normal use of “provoke” <03707> refers to people “provoking” God except:

1) Hannah (1 Sam. 1:6)

2) Sanballat (Neh. 4:1) & Asa (2 Chron. 16:10)


Judges puzzles2

Judges Puzzles

#5 Use of word “hands” or “hand” for: deliverance

A) God: 0 + 4 = 4

B) Enemies: 9 + 22 = 31

C) Israel: 16 + 38 = 54

#6 Where is the “city of the palms”

Hint: Deut. 34:3

Why no longer named Jericho?

Hint: Josh. 6:26; 1 Kings 16:34


Judges puzzles3

Judges Puzzles

#9 Compare Josh. 1:3 and Judges 1:6

(make sure to note: toes = foot).

What is shown about Israel and their enemies?

Answer: God allows Israel to possess whatever their “feet” touch and cuts off enemies “feet.”

#10 What happened to stop the wheels of Sisera’s chariot on the way home to Mom?

Judges 5:21


Judges puzzles4

Judges Puzzles

#8 Judges 4: importance of “feet”

Ch.4:10 – Army submits under Barak

Ch. 4:15,17 – Sisera runs away from Army

Key

Ch.5:27 – Sisera “submits” to Jael (death!)

#9 Compare Josh. 1:3 and Judges 1:6

(make sure to note: toes = foot).

What is shown about Israel and their enemies?


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