History of astrology
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History of Astrology. Brianna Bieker. Ancient Beginnings. Neanderthals Didn’t have astrology Couldn’t predict when to hunt certain animals. Early Cavemen Learned when to hunt based on sky and weather patterns Early concept of astrology dictated when to hunt, fish, plant and celebrate

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History of Astrology

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History of astrology

History of Astrology

Brianna Bieker


Ancient beginnings

Ancient Beginnings

  • Neanderthals

    • Didn’t have astrology

    • Couldn’t predict when to hunt certain animals

  • Early Cavemen

    • Learned when to hunt based on sky and weather patterns

    • Early concept of astrology dictated when to hunt, fish, plant and celebrate

      • Why is Christmas celebrated in December?


Sumerians 4000 bc

Sumerians 4000 BC

  • Baru-priests were the first astrologers

    • Read the sky for warnings

    • Predicted natural events

    • Designed a 12 month calendar

    • Identified cycles of the sun, moon, planets and stars

  • Old Babylonian Period 2000 BC

    • Focused on the well-being of the kingdom

    • Venus was associated with love and war

    • 1300 BC precursors to individual horoscopes


Assyrian era 1300 600 bc

Assyrian Era 1300-600 BC

  • State is more important than individual

  • Refined the calendar

  • Created star maps, constellations, and astrolabes

  • Astrologers were well-respected

  • Named 18 constellations

  • Most important planets were:

    • Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn

    • Emphasis on the Sun and moon as well


Constellations 600 bc

Constellations 600 BC

Aries-Luhunga

Taurus-Guanna or Mul

Gemini-Mastabagal or Mash

Cancer-Nangar

Leo-U-ra

Virgo-Absin

Libra-Zihanitum

Scorpio-Gir-tab

Sagittarius-Pah

Capricorn-Suhur

Aquarius-Gu or Gula

Pisces-Zib


Other cultures studying astrology

Other cultures studying astrology

  • Chinese

  • Maya of Central America

  • India

  • Egypt

    • Possibly as early as 10,500 BC


Greeks 450 bc

Greeks 450 BC

  • Hellenistic Greece

    • Beginnings of modern astrology

      • Astrology not reserved for royalty

  • Alexander the Great

    • Spread Hellenism over much of the Mediterranean area

  • Mythology

    • Greeks responsible for associating mythology with astrology


Ptolemy 200 bc

Ptolemy 200 BC

  • Listed 48 constellations

  • Described latitude and longitude

  • Thought Earth was the center of the universe

    • Believed in the epicircle-the idea the each planet revolved in a smaller circle and a larger one

    • Idea survived 1400 years

  • Wrote the Almagest and the Tetrabiblos


Decline of astrology

Decline of Astrology

  • Middle Ages 300 AD

  • Rise of Christianity

    • Church varied on its viewpoint of astrology

  • Renaissance 1450-1600s

    • Reemergence of astrology

    • Practiced by many Christians

  • Age of Enlightenment 1600s

    • Astrology is discredited because of rational and scientific thinking

    • “Ideological Earthquake”


Bibliography

Bibliography

http://www.astroenergetics.com/HTML/History.html

http://www.astrologyparlor.com/features/history-astrology.html

http://www.touregypt.net/astro/


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