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Edited 3/31/01. Astrology. Soc. 100 Lecture 02a Astrology. An Early Model of Human Behavior. From: Walter Clide Curry Chaucer and the Mediaeval Sciences; New York Barnes & Noble 1960 E. M. W. Tillyard, Lett. D The Elizabethan World Picture ;1960 London, Chatto and Windus.

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Astrology

Edited 3/31/01

Astrology

Soc. 100 Lecture 02a Astrology

An Early Model of Human Behavior

From:

Walter Clide Curry Chaucer and the Mediaeval Sciences;New York

Barnes & Noble 1960

E. M. W. Tillyard, Lett. D The Elizabethan World Picture;1960 London,

Chatto and Windus

Like religions there are various interpretations of astrology

1


Astrology personality quiz

Astrology Personality Quiz

2


Observations

Many aspects of astrology go back to the early Greeks; Aristotle, Pythagros, etc.

Observations

1. Widely believed and practiced in "medieval England"

2. Much referenced by Shakespeare.

3. A folk knowledge that can be seen as a primitive science

with a cause and effect relationship.

4. An integrated perspective that includes psychology,

medicine, chemistry , physics, astronomy (as well as a

predictor of the future).

5. All things were composed of 4 basic elements that took

different forms,based on hot, cold, moist and dry, ideal was a balanced compound*

6. Opinion polls in US typically show a large % having some

degree of belief (60-85%)

3


Basic elements

basic elements

•Earth, fire, Water, Air

•All planets are dominated by one of the elements

•in humans the elements take the form of "humors"or

"Biles" (Black, Yellow, Red [blood], Green [phlegm])

•all metals are made of these elements (alchemy was

the notion of changing the composition of elements

in lead to make gold

4


Astrology chart

Astrology chart

5


Personality characteristics

The Theory of Humors

Primary

Character

Element

Elemental

Symptoms

Humor

Type

Character

Blood

Sanguine

Air

Hot & Moist

confidence, wit, courage,

hope,extrovert

Yellow

Choleric

Fire

Hot & Dry

rashness, violance, discontent,

Bile

envy, extravert

Phlegm

Phlegmatic

Water

Cold &

slow, dull-witted, sweet

-

Moist

tempered, easy going, introvert

Black Bile

Melancholy

Earth

Cold & Dry

Personality Characteristics

(Libra)

(Leo)

(Virgo)

Sulleness, sadness, depression,

(Scorpio)

frustration, emotional, introvert

cf. Hippocrates

Of The nature of Man

(5th Century B.C.), Galen’s

Of Temprements

(Second Century A.D.), Sir Thomas Elyot’s

Castel of Health

(1593), and Robert Burton’s

Anatomy of Melancholy

(1621)

6


Medical problems catharsis

Medical/Problems—”Catharsis”

•Illness and personality were the result of tension

between elements

• Too much of an element was the cause of problems

(a compound of balance was the ideal)

• Catharsis was the general model for treatment

e.g. "Spring Tonic to clear black bile build up

Blood letting for a fever

• Modern day meaning of "humors" still exists in language

7


Believers

• Nancy Reagan

( Note: She had a private phone Installed in the

Whitehouse just for calls to her astrologer

• Adolf Hitler(Note: England employed corps of

Astrologers to guess Hitler's moves in WWII)

• Japanese/Chinese Culture

Chinese Years—snake, rabbit, tiger, mouse….

• Large % of current US population

60-80 have some degree of

belief

Believers

8


S100 l02a ppt

DATA

From 1994 GSS, Only .07 percent did not report their sign


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