THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA
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THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA. THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA. DE-STALINIZATION. Effects of “Secret Speech”. Could no longer hold political prisoners. Uproar in international communist community. Reverberations in Party. “ anti-party” group. THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA. DE-STALINIZATION. 22 nd Party Congress.

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THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

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The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

DE-STALINIZATION

  • Effects of “Secret Speech”

  • Could no longer hold political prisoners

  • Uproar in international communist community

  • Reverberations in Party

  • “anti-party” group


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

DE-STALINIZATION

  • 22nd Party Congress

  • Khrushchev broadened attack to include colleagues

  • Removal of Stalin’s body from mausoleum


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

CULTURAL “THAW”

  • Greater freedom of expression for artists & intellectuals

  • Some correction of historical falsification

  • Some opening of society

  • But retained censorship & control; socialist realism

Ilya Ehrenburg, The Thaw


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

ECONOMIC POLICIES

  • Agricultural Reforms

  • Abolished “Machine Tractor Stations”

  • Tried to consolidate farms into large kolkhozes

  • Raised prices on food products, lowered taxes


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

ECONOMIC POLICIES

  • Agricultural Reforms

  • Increased investment in fertilizer & machinery

  • “Virgin Lands Program”

  • Emphasized growing of corn


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

ECONOMIC POLICIES

  • Industrial Reforms

  • Biggest problem = overcentralization

  • Eliminated central economic ministries

  • replaced with SOVNARKHOZY


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

FOREIGN POLICY

  • Adopted policy of “PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE”

  • But continued expansion of Soviet influence


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

FOREIGN POLICY

  • Problems in Eastern Europe

  • De-Stalinization led to revolt in Poland & Hungary

  • Forced to build Berlin Wall to stop mass exodus to West

Soviet invasion of Hungary, 1956


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

FOREIGN POLICY

  • Problems with China

  • Mao wanted military aid against Taiwan

  • Also wanted nukes

  • Khrushchev refuses – led to Sino-Soviet split


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

FOREIGN POLICY

  • Problems over Cuba

  • 1959: Fidel Castro stages communist take-over

  • 1961: U.S. tried failed coup: Bay of Pigs

  • Khrushchev tries to put nukes in Cuba

  • Kennedy blockades Soviet ships, Khrushchev forced to back down


The khrushchev era

THE KHRUSHCHEV ERA

DECLINE AND FALL

  • The Three “Cs”: Corn, China, Cuba

  • Denounced for “hair-brained schemes, half-baked conclusions, bragging & bluster”

  • Deposed Oct. 1964

  • But reforms set stage for Gorbachev & perestroika

5-story “Khrushchevka”


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