Understanding Africa: 600 – 1450 CE. 15 % of the AP objective questions. AP World History: UNIT 3. First things first… Main Idea. Africa’s earliest people adapted to a wide range of geographic conditions to establish societies based on family ties, religion, iron technology, and trade. ?.
Understanding Africa: 600 – 1450 CE
15 % of the AP objective
AP World History: UNIT 3
Over 3 x the size of the continental United States
Over 4x the size of Europe
= cultural differences
What areas tended to practice Islam?
Was the entire continent Muslim?
How do you know?
in East Africa
Began to decline due to Muslim invaders in the 600s – 700s who conquered parts of East and Northern Africa.
As nearby areas were conquered, Christian Axum became isolated
Muslims took over the port city of Adulis and took over the Red Sea trade.
Goods coming INTO Africa…
Goods LEAVING Africa
Before the Transatlantic slave trade, enslaved Africans, were exported through the East African ports to Arabia, Persia, and India.
They were then sent across Asia to be domestic servants.
Power increased in the late 1200s, when it gained control of Sofala, through which much gold was exported.
Who was he?
What did he have to say?
Fun fact: term swahili has come to refer to the blended african-arab culture that developed along africa’s east coast.Also refers to a new language – native bantu language infused with arab words
Kingdoms of West Africa: Land of Gold!!!!
Kingdoms of West Africa
Mauritania & Mail
NOT to be confused with the modern day country!!!!
*That country named itself in honor of this early kingdom..
“There was no person, officer of the [Cairo] court ro holder of any office of the [Cairo] sultanate who did not receive a sum of gold from him….So much gold was current in Cairo that it ruined the value …”
IbnFadi Allah al-Omari,
From Sight-Seeing Journeys, c. 1300s