Henri matisse 1869 1954
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Henri Matisse 1869-1954. 1906, Copenhagen. “Expression, for me, does not reside in passions glowing in a human face or manifested by violent movement. The entire arrangement of my picture is expressive; the place occupied by the figures, the empty spaces around

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Henri Matisse 1869-1954

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Henri matisse 1869 1954

Henri Matisse 1869-1954

1906, Copenhagen

“Expression, for me, does not reside in passions glowing in a human face or manifested by violent movement. The entire arrangement of my picture is expressive; the place

occupied by the figures, the empty spaces around

them, the proportions, everything has its share.” – Henri Matisse, 1908, Notes of a Painter


Early career and influences

Early Career and Influences

  • Born in Cateau –Cambresis Northern France to parents who were shopkeepers

  • Trained in Law and worked as a clerk in a law firm from

    1889-1891 while taking courses in tapestry and textile

    design

  • Abandoned law to the disapproval of his parents in

    1891 to devote himself to art.

  • 1892 Enrolled in Bourguereau’s class at Academie Julien.

  • 1894 His daughter Marguerite was born

    to Caroline Joblaud

  • 1895 Spotted by Gustave Moreau and

    invited to join his course at Ecole

    Des Beaux Arts

Still life with Books

First painting 1890

Wm. Bourguereau

Work Interrupted 1891


Henri matisse 1869 1954

Gustave Moreau

Symbolist painter 1826-1898

Jupiter and Semele

1894-95


Early career and influences1

Early Career and Influences

  • 1897 first saw Impressionist paintings at the exhibition of the Caillebotte bequest

  • 1898 married AmelieParayre, honeymooned in London where he saw Turner works.

  • 1898 first sight of Signc’s work and that of Neo Impressionists

  • Visited Corsica and South of France, influenced by dazzling

    light

  • 1899 Birth of son Jean

  • Purchased work by Van Gogh and Cezanne

Afternoon at the Grande Jatte

Georges Seurat 1884-86

The Jetty at Cassis

Paul Signac 1889


Henri matisse 1869 1954

Paul Cezanne Three Bathers 1879-82

Purchased by Matisse because “The proportion of the hand

of the walking woman with respect to the composition as a whole”


Early work i put figures in my still life

Early Work“ I put figures in my still life”

The Dinner Table 1896-97


Early work

Early Work

Dishes and Fruit (1901),

Fruit and Coffeepot (1898),


Early work1

Early Work

Dishes and Fruit (1901),

Fruit and Coffeepot (1898),


Signac s influence in st tropez

Signac’s Influence in St Tropez

Luxe, Calme et Volupté, 1904

The Gulf at St Tropez 1904


With andre derain in collioure fauvism wild animals with pure orgy of colour

With Andre Derain in Collioure Fauvism- “Wild animals with pure orgy of colour”

Open windowat Collioure, 1905

«  The atmosphere of the landscape

and my room are one and the same   »

Woman with a Hat, 1905.

“ to paint a human face as though it were a wild jarring patchwork of distinct yet equally intense compartments of colour”


Henri matisse 1869 1954

“Fauvism was a brief period during which we thought it necessary to exalt all colours together and sacrifice none of them”

View of Collioure ,1905


1906 1908 a north african v enus

1906-1908A north African Venus

Blue Nude; In memory of Biskra, 1907

Two Women ,1907

Combines the way women are treated in African and classical sculpture


Picasso and matisse

Picasso and Matisse

Met around 1905 and were lifelong

friends and rivals. Matisse introduced Picasso to the art of Africa.

Matisse was Pablo Picasso's senior by twelve years, and the two men could not have been more different. Reserved and dignified, Matisse was the image of respectability. Aggressive and egotistical, Picasso considered himself superior to every person he ever met.

Nude with raised arms, Picasso, 1907


Matisse responds to picasso

Matisse responds to Picasso

Bathers with a Turtle, 1908

Bathers with a Turtle 1908

Matisse countered Picasso’s Cezanne inspired

Cubism with these monumental compositions that stress harmonious ,expressive body movement

Le Luxe, 1907-08

Decorative interpretation of

Cezanne through Gauguin


Love of decoration

Love of Decoration

The Red Studio, 1911

Harmony in Red, 1908

“By late 1907 Matisse’s work showed conflicting tendencies ; on the one hand , a decorative

style with unmodulated fields of brilliant colour; on the other , a virtually achromatic ,

volumetric approach”


Dance and music 1909

Dance and Music 1909

  • Painted for Sergey IvanovichShchukin a Russian collector of Matisse’s work

  • Rejected at first because of their critical reception but later accepted


Bathers by a river 1909 1916 anxieties induced by impending war

Bathers by a River 1909-1916“anxieties induced by impending war”


Sculpture

Sculpture

Night Michelangelo

Marble, 1526-1533

Large seated Nude Matisse Bronze 1922-29


1919 1930 painting as a source of undisturbed pleasure

1919-1930“Painting as a source of undisturbed pleasure”

Reclining Odalisque 1927

The Moorish screen 1921


Barnes commission

Barnes Commission

Dance1931 (Mural)


Henri matisse 1869 1954

Paper Cut Outs“Matisse's flat, abstracted forms and large areas of pure colour marked an important change in the direction of his later work ”

Icarus from Jazz 1947

Cover of Jazz, book of 100 prints 1947

Stencils


Henri matisse 1869 1954

Pasiphae, Song of Minos 1944

Lino prints


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