The effect of engagement with music on cognitive and performance abilities
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The effect of engagement with music on cognitive and performance abilities. Music and Learning. Two Lines of Research. Learning to play music can enhance… Passive listening to music can enhance…. Music and the Brain. Learning to play music: Musical notation + motor response = engaged brain

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The effect of engagement with music on cognitive and performance abilities

The effect of engagement with music on cognitive and performance abilities

Music and Learning


Two lines of research
Two Lines of Research performance abilities

Learning to play music can enhance…

Passive listening to music can enhance…


Music and the brain
Music and the Brain performance abilities

  • Learning to play music:

    • Musical notation + motor response = engaged brain

    • Four studies: music lessons, MRI’s, and structural change

  • Passive listening:

    • MRI’s, emotions, and activation


Music learning and general cognitive abilities
Music Learning and General Cognitive Abilities performance abilities

  • National Center for Education Services Data

  • Long Term music lessons, standardized tests, compare to control

  • Mixed results but small effects

    • SES, parental involvement, 2nd yr of study


Music learning and spatial reasoning
Music Learning and Spatial Reasoning performance abilities

  • Both require visual analysis of objects to form whole

  • Meta-analysis- 15 studies find strong correlation

  • Methodological concerns


Music learning and math
Music Learning and Math performance abilities

  • Reading musical notation = math

  • National Educational Longitudinal Survey

    • Music students get better math grades

  • Meta-analysis finds correlative data for young children


  • Arousal mood hypothesis
    Arousal-Mood Hypothesis performance abilities

    • Original ‘Mozart affect’

      • ‘listening to music and spatial abilities tests require cortical firing patterns that are similar’

        • Rauscher, 1993

    • Passive listening  arousal/mood  cognitive abilities

      • Strong effect


    Arousal mood and math
    Arousal-Mood and Math performance abilities

    • Small effect size when applied to math

      • Sample populations less than 20

  • Study proposal


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