Psychology of music learning
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 7

Psychology of Music Learning PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Psychology of Music Learning. Miksza MUSICAL ABILITY. R & B - Definitions. Ability - often used as a ‘slippery’ term fluctuating among: talent, musicality, capacity, aptitude, achievement Finer definitions… (see pg. 384-385)

Download Presentation

Psychology of Music Learning

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Psychology of music learning

Psychology of Music Learning

Miksza

MUSICAL ABILITY


R b definitions

R & B - Definitions

  • Ability - often used as a ‘slippery’ term fluctuating among: talent, musicality, capacity, aptitude, achievement

  • Finer definitions… (see pg. 384-385)

    • Ability - being able to do something, regardless of how a person became able

    • Aptitude - potential success prior to specialized music learning

    • Capacity - ability that is a result of heredity and maturation

    • Achievement - specific musical accomplishments often the result of instruction

    • Development - growth and maturation process

    • Learning - observable change in behavior (?)


R b influences on ability

R & B - Influences on Ability

  • Hearing acuity - sufficient sensitivity is important

  • Genetics - hereditary capacities (although not necessarily specific skills), advantageous physical characteristics, brain characteristics, handedness

  • Musical Home - critical development periods, expectancies, brain plasticity, balancing early musical experiences at very early ages

  • Physical features - ‘cupid’s bow’ example

  • Creativity - an obvious element of composition and performance, does not necessarily explain musical ability

  • Intelligence - definitional issues…, lack of relationships with music aptitude measures, asymmetric relations, savants as evidence for separate abilities

  • Gender and race - stereotypes persist in some areas, cultural differences


R b learning theory

R & B - Learning Theory

  • See summaries of Behaviorist and Cognitivist approaches to understanding learning…


R b development

R & B - Development

  • Innate musical responses

    • Reacting to musical stimuli in utero

    • Cooing and babbling varying in loudness, contour, etc.

  • Experiments of infant attendance to stimuli

    • Especially beat and tempo

  • Spontaneous song

    • Replaced by ‘learned song’ by four

    • Varies with cultural differences

    • Concept of tonality may ‘stabilize’ around five/six years old

    • Notation developing from abstract-iconic-symbolic


R b abnormalities

R & B - Abnormalities

  • Amusia - “without music” - an inability to produce or recognize music

    • Often studied in relation to brain trauma

    • For some unrelated to speech and other auditory processes

  • Monotonism - singing one tone regardless of situation

    • Related to vocal difficulties

  • Synesthesia - simultaneous experiencing a stimulus

    • Chromosthesia - blend of color and sound perception


R b measurement

R & B - Measurement

  • Aptitude

    • Seashore Measures of Musical Talents (1919)

      • Pitch, loudness, time, timbre, rhythm patterns, tone patterns

        • No total score

    • Wing Standardised Test of Musical Intelligence (1954)

      • Melodic, harmonic, rhythm discrimination: chord analysis, pitch, memory, rhythm, harmony, intensity, phrasing

        • One total score

    • Gordon Musical Aptitude Profile (1965)

      • Tonal imagery, rhythmic imagery, musical sensitivity

        • One total score

          • PMMA, IMMA, AMMA

          • Later versions of Gordon aptitude approach

          • Based on ‘audiation’ concept


  • Login