Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report
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Economic Freedom of the World: 2000 Annual Report. James Gwartney, Florida State University Robert Lawson, Capital University with Dexter Samida, Fraser Institute. Section 1: Changes in Economic Freedom, 1970-1997. Since 1980, economic freedom appears to have risen around the world.

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Economic Freedom of the World: 2000 Annual Report

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Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Economic Freedom of the World: 2000 Annual Report

James Gwartney, Florida State University

Robert Lawson, Capital University

with Dexter Samida, Fraser Institute


Section 1 changes in economic freedom 1970 1997

Section 1: Changes in Economic Freedom, 1970-1997

  • Since 1980, economic freedom appears to have risen around the world.

  • Economic freedom leads to higher incomes, faster growth, and longer lives.


Chart 1 the average summary rating 1970 1997

Chart 1: The Average Summary Rating, 1970-1997


Chart 2 the growth rate in the 1990s of countries that improved the most since 1980

Chart 2: The Growth Rate in the 1990s of Countries That Improved the Most Since 1980.


Chart 3 economic freedom and income 1997

Chart 3: Economic Freedom and Income, 1997


Chart 4 economic freedom and economic growth in the 1990s

Chart 4: Economic Freedom and Economic Growth in the 1990s


Chart 5 economic freedom and life expectancy 1997

Chart 5: Economic Freedom and Life Expectancy, 1997


Section 2 changes in the size of government 1970 1997

Section 2: Changes in the Size of Government, 1970-1997

  • Government consumption as a share of total consumption has been relatively constant over the last two decades.

  • Transfer payments have increased sharply.

  • Top marginal tax rates have fallen since 1980.


Chart 6 government consumption and transfers 1975 1997

Chart 6: Government Consumption and Transfers, 1975-1997


Chart 7 the average top marginal tax rate 1975 1997

Chart 7: The Average Top Marginal Tax Rate, 1975-1997


Section 3 inflation around the world 1970 1997

Section 3: Inflation Around the World, 1970-1997

  • The average rate of inflation rose during the 1970s, but has fallen since the mid-1980s.


Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Chart 8: The Percentage of Countries with Inflation Rates Less than 5% During Previous Five Years, 1970-1997


Chart 9 the median inflation rate 1970 1997

Chart 9: The Median Inflation Rate, 1970-1997


Section 4 access to sound money 1970 1997

Section 4: Access to Sound Money, 1970-1997

  • The percentage of countries allowing citizens to hold foreign currency bank accounts has increased.

  • Likewise, the percentage of countries with sizeable foreign exchange black markets has fallen.


Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Chart 10: The Percentage of Countries in Which Citizens Were Free to Hold Foreign Currency Bank Accounts, 1970-1997


Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Chart 11: The Percentage of Countries with a Black Market Exchange Rate Premium of 25% or More, 1970-1997


Section 5 international exchange and capital markets 1970 1997

Section 5: International Exchange and Capital Markets, 1970-1997

  • Tariffs have been reduced.

  • Capital and financial markets have been liberalized since 1980.


Chart 12 the average tax rate on international trade as a share of exports imports 1970 1997

Chart 12: The Average Tax Rate on International Trade as a Share of Exports & Imports, 1970-1997


Chart 13 the average tariff rate 1980 1997

Chart 13: The Average Tariff Rate, 1980-1997


Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Chart 14: The Average Rating for Area VI--International Exchange: Freedom to Trade with Foreigners, 1970-1997


Economic freedom of the world 2000 annual report

Chart 15: The Average Rating in Area VII--Freedom of Exchange in Capital and Financial Markets, 1970-1997


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