EVOLUTION OF THE HORSE
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EVOLUTION OF THE HORSE. EVOLUTION OF THE HORSE. Miohippus 30 Million Years Ago Oligocene Era. Pliohippus 10 Million Years Ago Oligocene Era. Eohippus 60 Million Years Ago EOCENE ERA. Mesohippus 40 Million Years Ago Oligocene Era. Mercychippus 20 Million Years Ago OLIGOCENE ERA.

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EVOLUTION OF THE HORSE

Miohippus

30 Million Years Ago

Oligocene Era

Pliohippus

10 Million Years Ago

Oligocene Era

Eohippus

60 Million Years Ago

EOCENE ERA

Mesohippus

40 Million Years Ago

Oligocene Era

Mercychippus

20 Million Years Ago

OLIGOCENE ERA

Equus

4 Million Years Ago

Modern Era


Zoological classification
Zoological Classification

  • Family Equidae

  • Genus Equus

  • Species

    • Equus asinus

    • Equus caballas

    • Equus przewalski


Types and uses light horses

Riding

Racing

Showing

Driving

All-purpose

Miniature

Types and Uses – Light Horses


Breed
Breed

  • Distinguishable characteristics

    • Color

    • Function

    • Conformation






Light Horse

14.2 – 17.2 hands

900 – 1400 lbs


Draft Horse

14.2 – 17.2 hands

1400 lb or >


  • Ponies

    • < 14.2 hands

    • 500 – 900 lb


Homework
Homework

  • WebCT

    • Horse Breed Homework

    • Typed in table format

    • Due 9/5



Sport organizations

American Driving Society

American Hunter & Jumper Foundation

American Vaulting Assn.

Carriage Assn. Of America, Inc.

Masters of Foxhounds Assn. Of America

National Barrel Horse Assn. (NBHA)

National Cutting Horse Assn. (NCHA)

National Hunter & Jumper Assn.

National Reining Horse Assn. (NRHA)

National Snaffle Bit Assn. (NSBA)

Professional Rodeo Cowboys Assn. (PRCA)

Sport Organizations


Sport organizations1
Sport Organizations

  • Team Penning Assn.

  • United States Combined Training Assn. (USCTA)

  • United States Dressage Federation (USDF)

  • United States Equestrian Assn.

  • United States Polo Assn.


Halter classes
HALTER CLASSES

  • Type

  • Conformation

  • Quality

  • Substance

  • Soundness



Equitation classes
EQUITATION CLASSES

  • Western

  • Hunt Seat

  • Saddle Seat


Driving
DRIVING

  • Combined driving

  • Pleasure driving

  • Dressage driving

  • Roadster

    • Walk, Slow jog trot, Fast road gait, Full speed trot


Dressage
DRESSAGE

Continual training of the horse to increasing levels of performance in the execution of various gaits & movements.


Hunters
HUNTERS

  • Hunter

  • Hunter Hack

  • Working Hunter


Hunter under saddle
HUNTER UNDER SADDLE

  • Functional correctness

  • Travels at prescribed gaits

  • Reverses to inside of arena

  • Backs

  • Attitude

    • Responsiveness, Manners, Bit contact



Combined training
COMBINED TRAINING

  • Dressage

  • Cross Country

  • Stadium Jumping


Western pleasure
WESTERN PLEASURE

  • Junior

  • Senior

  • Attitude

  • Responsiveness

  • Manners

  • Bit contact


Reining
REINING

  • Circles, Rundown, Lead changes, Stops, Spins, Rollback, Back, Hesitation


  • Western Trail - negotiate up to 8 different obstacles

  • Western Riding - Set course involving the walk, jog and lope. At the lope expected to make up to eleven changes of lead.


Cutting
CUTTING

  • Enter a herd of cattle, separate and drive a single cow from the herd and keeps the cow from reentering the herd.


PRCA

  • Calf Roping

  • Team Roping

  • Steer wrestling

  • Bareback

  • Bull riding

  • Saddle bronc riding


  • Team Penning - 3 horse and rider pairs given 2 min. to separate from the herd and drive 3 designated cattle into a pen

  • Working Cow Horse

    • Reining pattern.

    • Cattle portion - hold and turn a cow, as well as control the animal by moving it in circles.


Barrel Racing

Pole Bending


National american trail ride conference
National American Trail Ride Conference

  • Competitive Trail Ride

  • Endurance Race


POLO

  • 4 players

  • Series of Chukkas of 7.5 minutes.


Racing
RACING

  • Thoroughbred – Jockey Club

  • Quarter Horse

  • Paint

  • Appaloosa

  • Arabian


Racing1
RACING

  • Harness Racing – United States Trotting Assn.


Racing2
RACING

  • Stakes race

  • Handicap race

  • Allowance race

  • Claiming race

  • Maiden

  • Derby

  • Futurity


Racing supervision
RACING SUPERVISION

  • Steward

  • Secretary

  • Paddock judge

  • Clerk of scales

  • Starter

  • Clocker


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