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THE HORSE INDUSTRY PowerPoint PPT Presentation

THE HORSE INDUSTRY Number of horses in North Carolina as appraised in 1996 http://www.ncagr.com/stats/equine/eqinvmap.htm (This is still the newest available from the NCDA) Where in North Carolina are most of the horses? How many horses are there in North Carolina?

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THE HORSE INDUSTRY

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THE HORSE INDUSTRY

Number of horses in North Carolina as appraised in 1996

http://www.ncagr.com/stats/equine/eqinvmap.htm

(This is still the newest available from the NCDA)


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Where in North Carolina are most of the horses?

How many horses are there in North Carolina?

Let's start with terminology before we discuss the horse Industry:

 Adult male =

Adult female =

Young female =

Castrated male =

Everywhere; although you can see that

The Piedmont region has a large percentage

Tough to be accurate … but 140,000 estimated (132,000 in 1996).

Stallion

Mare

filly (What’s a young male?)

Gelding


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Newborn =

Term for giving birth =

Pony =

Hand =

Gait =

Unsound =

Mounting, dismounting

foal

foaling

not a young horse … it is any horse that is under a specific height (14.2 hands or @57in)

how we measure a horse’s height … one hand equals 4 inches (measured at the withers; you will see where this body part is in lab today!)

the forward movement of a horse (3 types are: walk, trot, & canter)

Something is not right either with the

horse’s anatomy or the gait

getting on & off the horse


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These definitions are not in your coursepack so make sure you write this all down!

Draft horse =

Light horse =

Horse whose major work was to haul

or pull something (Belgian, Percheron, Clydesdale)

Smaller, less muscular horses that are lighter

and typically used for pleasure or livestock

Handling (Arabian & Thoroughbred)


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Taken from:

http://www.ncagr.com/stats/equine/eqinvch.htm

You do not need to know these

Exact charts … just know what is

NC’s most popular breed?


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Number of Equine Operations in NC, by Size (1996)

http://www.ncagr.com/stats/equine/eqopsz.htm

The majority of individual horse owners are young women


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Colors in horses can be used to describe what the horse looks like (kind of like saying you have blond hair) … but some of them are actual breed registries, too … such as the Appaloosa, Palomino & Pinto).

Therefore, if you are working with horses it is important to understand the color differences.

You can check out the color variations (and breeds) at:

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/


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Colors & Color variations of horses:

Palomino (Golden color variation that has its own breed)

Bay (one of the 5 main horse colors which are: bay,

black, brown, chestnut & white)

Chestnut (sorrel) (basically red coloring, light to dark)

Buckskin (dominant hair color is yellow w/ balck points)

Pinto, paint (combination of white & colored markings)


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In 1915, there were 27 million horses in the US, but in 1959 there were only 3 million. Why is this?

Now there are about 7 million horses in the US. Why have the numbers gone up so much?

What are 6 things horses are used for these days?

Tractors & cars replaced them!

Companion animals! Why else?

Pleasure riding, racing, showing, meat (in other countries), rodeo & hunter/jumpers … can you think of other things, too?


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There are some popular breeds of horses you should be familiar with:

Quarter Horse

Thoroughbred

Appaloosa

Draft horse breeds

“Grade” horse

Most popular US breed, name from

sprinting in 1/4 mile races .. Many colors & uses

A breed, tall & lean, popular for

racing, jumping, hunting

White background with dark color spots & dev. by NW Indian’s

(Defined earlier)

NOT A BREED, a mix that is unregistered … most common (kind of like a mix breed dog)


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The average price for a horse widely depends on

the use & breed!

Look at the NC 1996 average value numbers for

example:

http://www.ncagr.com/stats/equine/eqinvb.htm


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Many people end up buying horses for their family. This should be a very serious purchase. Why? What's involved with owning a horse:

Type to purchase

Personality of the animal

Purchase price

LONG TERM INVESTMENTS … 30yrs!

Why do you want a horse (work or play)

Calm vs Excited (is it for a child, an experienced rider, etc.) … For example are ponies the best bet for a child?

Can be very cheap ($100) to super expensive (millions);

After you buy the horse you need to make sure you can

Still afford to care for it!


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Feed cost

Farrier cost (what is a farrier?)

Vet costs (for healthy horse)

70% of owning the animal (not cheap to feed), $850 or more a year in stable … if you board your horse with someone else these expenses can be VERY high!

15$ per month (120/yr)

Wormers, vaccines, float teeth … over $100 per year,

These prices do not even cover the cost of “fun” horse

things … such as riding equipment, etc.


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 There are two main styles of riding. They are:

Western

English

Cowboy style .. Rodeo, trail riding (only 1 place lets

You rent horses by the hour to ride like this in Wake County)

No saddle horn, 2 hands for reins … racing and some trail riding (hunting)


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 Some people choose to have their career working with horses. What opportunities might be available?

Barn manager

Horse trainer

Giving lessons

Boarding facility owner

Farrier

Clean stalls, feed & exercise horses

Train for shows

NEED People Skills! (This is working w/ the public, too)

NEED business sense, people pay you to board their horses so you must prove yourself worthy!

Skill, equipment & experience is needed!


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 What type of income can you expect?

Where to get help if you own a few horses and have questions:

How to get more education relating to horses:

Varies widely!

Cooperative Extension Service: http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/an_sci/extension/horse/hhmain.html

REINS: http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/an_sci/extension/horse/hhreins.htm

and the animal information web pages shown during 1st lab

Same as above … & short courses available at NCSU


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