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UNDERSTANDING S S S PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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UNDERSTANDING S S S. Additional Knowledge:. Sex Education Sexually Transmitted Diseases Substance Abuse. At the end of the session:. Difference between: a boy and a girl a lady and a gentleman Producing human babies

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UNDERSTANDING S S S

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Understanding s s s l.jpg

UNDERSTANDINGS S S


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Additional Knowledge:

  • Sex Education

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Substance Abuse


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At the end of the session:

  • Difference between:

    • a boy and a girl

    • a lady and a gentleman

  • Producing human babies

  • Caring for yourself


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At the end of the session:

Familiar with:

  • AIDS

  • Gonorrhea

  • Syphilis..

  • Chlamydia

  • ETC.

    AND HOW TO PREVENT SUCH ILLNESSES


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At the end of the session:

YOU WILL HAVE TO MAKE A CHOICE:

  • To smoke or NOT?

  • To drink ALCOHOL or NOT?

  • To take SHABU or NOT?

  • To delay SEX or NOT?


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When, Where, from Whom did you learn about SEX?

  • DID YOU GET THE REAL FACTS?

  • DID YOU SHARE YOUR APPREHENSIONS?

  • DID YOU SHARE YOUR FEARS?

  • To WHOM?


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Children need to know about sex?

  • Help kids cope with their feelings & peer pressure

  • Enable them to take charge of their lives & have a loving relationship

  • Help protect them from sexual abuse

  • Prevent

    • Teen pregnancies

    • STD (sexually transmitted diseases)

    • Sexual violence


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WHAT to tell our kids? It must be age appropriate!

3-5 years old

  • Teach the correct names of parts of the body like teaching them the elbows, knees

  • Tell the difference between a boy & a girl

  • Some parts are private: teach them on inappropriate touching by other poeple

  • Where babies came from?

  • “Babies grow in a special place inside the body”


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WHAT to tell our kids?.....

5-7 years old

  • Awareness of their own gender and of others

  • Explain the terms they see and hear on TV

  • “Sex is part of a loving relationship between grown-ups”


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WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

Explain

  • Breast budding

  • Baby fat disappearance

  • Pimples

  • Body hair

  • Enlargement of the male organ

  • Color change of the sex organs


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WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

  • What is menstruation?

  • What is circumcision?

  • What is masturbation?

  • Be ready to answer.. questions about

    wet dreams.


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WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

  • Let them know that everyone is different

    and develops differently

  • Remind them that “touching” of some body parts have some norms

  • Explain if ready: sexual responsibility, STD, birth control and consequences of teenage pregnancy


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WHAT to tell our kids?...

Teens

  • LEARNING HOW TO SAY NO

  • How to have a relationship without SEX

  • How to deal with peer pressure

    BE frank

    BE straight forward

    BE a teacher


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Sexuality means

Identity

Feelings

Curiosity

Independence


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SEXUAL INTERCOURSE

What exactly does "having sex" mean?

"Having sex" can mean many things.

  • It can refer to intimacy or closeness between a man and a woman, between two men or between two women.

  • "Having sex" doesn't just mean when a man's penis enters a woman's vagina.


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MORE QUESTIONS ON SEX:

What is vaginal sex?Vaginal sex usually means having a man's penis placed

inside a woman's vagina.What is oral sex?Oral sex means one person placing his or her mouth on

another person's genitals (penis, vagina or anus).What is anal sex? Anal sex is usually when a man's penis is place inside

someone else's anus, or butt hole.


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If we will not control the

increase in population,

this will happen and

it is happening!!!


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You might decide not to have SEX..

REASONS:

  • You want to wait

  • You just don’t feel ready

  • It would upset your parents

  • You have other PLANS!


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Tips for success on saying NO:

  • Use “I” statements

  • Stay calm

  • Use body language

  • Do not GIVE IN to PRESSURE

  • Set your limits

  • Talk about your feelings

  • DO NOT USE ALCOHOL OR OTHER DRUGS

  • SIMPLY ….SAY NO


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DO YOU WANT…..

  • to be an alcohol user?

BRAIN OF AN ALCOHOLIC


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Why Alcohol is a major KILLER?

Alcohol intake:

  • Slows judgment

  • Results to poor reaction time

  • Creates a notion “of a no problem” state

  • Impairs visual reaction

  • Has physical effects on the body system:

    liver, kidneys, vitamin absorption, wastage

  • Has negative mental effects


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Reason for alcohol drinking:

  • To forget the problems

  • “my friends are doing it”

    “I have to belong’

  • I want to make a Statement

  • Curiosity


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Reason for alcohol drinking:To FORGET PROBLEMS

Reminder, if with problems:

  • Calm down

  • Describe the problem

  • Think of solutions

  • Think of options

  • Think of cause and effect

  • Choose

    “God made problems with corresponding solution!”


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RECOMMENDATION

TOGETHER WITH

Your PARENTS

WHO

DOH

“young people still in

school should be taught

to abstain from

alcohol,drugs and sex”


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SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Experimentation & learning Mood swing

Regular use/seeking the mood swing

(TOLERANCE)

Daily use/preoccupation with the mood swing (CRIMINAL ACTS)

Dependency/using drugs to feel normal


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Hair loss

Cataracts

Wrinkling

Hearing loss

Skin Cancer

Tooth Decay

LungCancer

Emphysema

Osteoporosis

Heart Disease

Stomach ulcers

Discolored Fingers

Cervical Cancer

Deformed Sperms

Psoriasis

THE SMOKER’S BODY!


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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD

  • Infection spread by having SEX with another person who is infected.

  • SOME are curable , OTHERS are not

  • Those who have it might look HEALTHY, But they have it!


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NON CURABLE:

  • HEPATITIS

  • AIDS/HIV


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AIDS

Acquired

  • Not born with the disease compared to most immune deficient conditions

  • *You can only be born with AIDS if your mother had AIDS when pregnant

    Immunodeficiency

  • Characterized by a weakened or ineffective immune system with no resistance to infections.

    Syndrome which means:

  • AIDS is a combination of signs and symptoms which occur together due to the HIV infection as well as many other infections as a result of theimmunodeficiency 


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AIDS….HIV

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • This virus causes AIDS

  • It is an infection of the immune system

  • It destroys the body's ability to fight off infections.

  • It remains quiet for a  long time

  • Drug therapy only destroys the active virus, DOES NOT CURE

  • HIV infects the cells (T Lymphocytes) of the immune system weakening the entire system.  


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AIDS

AIDS

Transmission

  • Blood or blood products

  • Mother to infant 

  • Sexual contact

  • Sharing of needles or syringes


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AIDS….HIV

HIV has been located in fluids such as:

  • blood

  • breast milk

  • saliva

  • semen

  • tears

  • vaginal fluids

    It appears that the disease can only be transmitted through:

  • blood

  • blood products

  • sexual fluids


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AIDS….

The infection can be spread from unprotected sex  (sex without condoms) with an infected partner, including:

  • anal intercourse

  • oral intercourse

  • vaginal intercourse


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AIDS….

and is spread from:

  • men to men

  • men to women

  • women to men

  • women to women  


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AIDS….

The virus can enter the body during sex through the:

  • lining of the vagina

  • mouth

  • penis

  • rectum

  • vulva


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SYPHILIS

(CURABLE)


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  • Crabs (Pubic Lice)(curable with medication)

  • Tiny little blood-sucking bugs (lice) that live in pubic hair

  • They cause a lot of itching.

  • They are transmitted via:

    • Skin-to-skin contact with an infected person

    • Sleeping on infested bedding

    • Wearing infested clothing

    • Contact with an infested toilet seat

  • They can be transmitted even if you use a latex condom to

  • help prevent other STDs.


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HERPES


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Bacterial Vaginosis

The risk of acquiring Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is increased by:

  • changing  sexual partners

  • douching

  • using intrauterine devices (IUDs)

    The infection can not be spread from person to person by casual contact, such as:

  • clothing

  • eating utensils

  • swimming pools

  • toilet seats


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Bacterial Vaginosis

  • When different types of bacteria outnumber the normal  bacteria, Lactobacillus, an imbalance is caused in the bacterial organisms that exist in the vagina. 

  • Caused by: Hemophilus ducreyi


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Bacterial Vaginosis

Symptoms

  • Although more than 50% of women with Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) have no symptoms, when symptoms do occur they include the following:

  • Excessive, thin gray or white vaginal discharge that sticks to the vaginal walls

  • Fishy or musty, unpleasant vaginal odor, most noticeable after sex

  • Vaginal itching and irritation


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CHANCROID

  • soft chancre

  • venereal sore 

  • bacterial disease causing painful, irregularly shaped sores, but is a localized infection which can be treated and cured and has no long-term effects. 


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CHANCROID…

First signs of infection appear from 3-5 days and up to 2 weeks after contact, and usually a tender, raised bump develops where the bacteria entered the body:

  • inside/outside the vagina or rectum

  • occasionally on hands, thighs or mouth

  • on the penis

  • Within 1-4 days the bump transforms into one or more shallow sores which break open and deepen, becoming:

  • filled with pus

  • inflamed

  • painful

  • ruptured


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Transmitted through the skin by direct sexual contact with an infected individual through

anal sex

oral sex

vaginal sex

The infection is spread to other parts of the body by:

minor abrasions

physical contact

rubbing

scratching

Chancroid…Transmission


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CHLAMYDIA

  • Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis

  • US: Teenage girls have the highest rates of Chlamydial infection regardless of demographics or location


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CHLAMYDIA…Transmission

Direct person-to-person contact through:

  • Blood

  • Passing it to a baby during birth

  • Semen from the penis

  • Touching eyes when infected

  • Vaginal fluid 

    Risk Groups

  • Babies (from infected mothers)

  • Sexually active people, regardless of their sexual preference

  • Sexually active teenagers (about 45%)


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Gonorrhea

Bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae

  • second only to Chlamydia

    Found in mucous areas of the body:

  • Genital tract

  • Penis

  • Rectum

  • Throat

  • Vagina


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  • Gonorrhea

  • (curable with medication)

  • nicknamed "the clap" or "the drip“ (“Tulo”)

  • Women often have no symptoms at all or very mild ones.

  • Symptoms:

  • burning during urination

  • and/or a vaginal discharge.

  • Men

  • yellow discharge from the urethra, opening in the penis

  • burn or hurt to urinate


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Gonorrhea

  • In Men:

  • Creamy or green, pus-like discharge from the penis

  • Painful urination (burning sensation)

  • Testicular pain


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Gonorrhea

In Women:

  • Bleeding between periods

  • Creamy or green, pus-like or bloody vaginal discharge

  • Excessive bleeding during menstrual period

  • Irritation of the vulva

  • Lower abdominal pain 

  • Painful intercourse

  • Painful urination (burning sensation)

  • Rectal infection

  • Throat infection 


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Gonorrhea

Rectal infection:

  • Constipation

  • Creamy, pus-like discharge

  • Itching

  • Painful bowel movement with blood in feces

  • Rectal bleeding

  • Symptoms usually appear 2-7 days after infection in males, but it can sometimes take up to 30 days for symptoms to appear.


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Genital Warts

There are more than 100, mostly harmless, types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)


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GENITAL WARTS

Affected genital area:

  • anus

  • cervix

  • penis

  • rectum

  • scrotum

  • vagina

  • vulva


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GENITAL WARTS

Symptoms may occur several weeks to months after being exposed to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and include:

Itching or burning around the sex organs

Painless growths on damp moist surfaces (penis & vagina) begin as tiny, soft, pink or red spots

Spots develop into small, white/yellow/gray bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus

Warts can grow quickly into irregularly shaped cauliflower-like masses  


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SUBSTANCE ABUSE

SMOKING

ALCOHOL

DRUGS


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DO YOU WANT…..

  • to be a drug a user?


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DO YOU WANT…..

  • to be a smoker?

Cigarette contains nicotine

Nicotine is addictive!


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  • print this page

  • Tobacco Fact Sheet

  • Spit Tobacco Fact Sheet

  • Truth About Tobacco Website

  • Teaming Up For Tobacco-Free Kids

  • print this page

  • Tobacco Fact Sheet

  • Spit Tobacco Fact Sheet

  • Truth About Tobacco Website

  • Teaming Up For Tobacco-Free Kids

EFFECTS OF SMOKING


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DO YOU WANT…..

  • to be a teenage parent?

=

+


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DO YOU WANT…..

  • to be infected with a sexually transmitted

    disease (STD)?


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Condyloma Acuminata


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“The Best Way to Predict the Future is to create it” Stephen Covey


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The Philippine College of Physicians wishes to acknowledge the following for her invaluable efforts in the preparation of this module

Cynthia Cuayo-Juico, MD, FPPS


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