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English II. 1 st Quarter Vocabulary. Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir. Definition: In or into. a. Words and meanings: Insect [IN in + SECT to cut] – an invertebrate with a body cut into 3 pieces. Induce [IN into + DUC to lead] – to lead into or persuade.

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English II

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English ii

English II

1st Quarter

Vocabulary


English ii

Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir

Definition: In or into

a

Words and meanings:

Insect [IN in + SECT to cut] – an invertebrate with a body cut into 3 pieces.

Induce [IN into + DUC to lead] – to lead into or persuade.

Innate [IN in + NAT to be born] – born in one.

ALSO: Illuminate, Impede, Invoke, Inspect


English ii

Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir

DEFINITION: Not

a

Words and meanings:

Intangible [IN not + TANG to touch] – not able to be touched.

Immobile [IM not + MOB to move] – unable to move.

Impunity [IM not + PUN to punish] – free from punishment.

Also: Impervious, Infinite, Incredible, Irreverent


English ii

SEQU

DEFINITION: To follow.

a

Words and meanings:

Sequel – continuation

Sequence – a following of one thing after another.

Consequence – something that logically follows from an action.

Also: Inconsequential, sequential, subsequent


English ii

INTER

DEFINITION: Between

a

Words and meanings:

Interstate – between states

Intermediary – one who acts as a mediator or go-between.

Interim – a time between periods or events.

Also: Intercede, Intercollegiate, Interlude


English ii

DE

DEFINITION: Away, down, off, from, apart, completely

a

Words and meanings:

Demote [DE down + MOT to move] – to move down in rank.

Deciduous [DE off + CID to fall] – falling off, as leaves fall from trees.

Also: Decapitate, Deflect, Deter, Deport


English ii

PER

DEFINITION: Through

a

Words and meanings:

Pervade [PER through + VAD to go] – to go through; to spread throughout.

Perceive [PER through + CAP to take] – to take note of; to grasp mentally.

Also: Permit, Perennial, Perspective


English ii

JECT

DEFINITION: To throw.

a

Words:

Injection

Rejected

Subject

Project


English ii

VERT

DEFINITION: To turn.

a

Words:

Conversely

Extrovert

Introvert

Vertical

Revert


English ii

FAC

DEFINITION: To make.

a

Words:

Facilitate

Factory

Deface

Factual

Preface


English ii

MONO

DEFINITION: One

a

Words:

Monolith

Monochromatic

Monocle

Monopoly


English ii

CHRON

DEFINITION: Time

a

Words:

Chronology

Chronological

Chronicle

Synchronous


English ii

Conflagration (N.)

DEFINITION: A large destructive fire.

Synonyms: inferno, blaze, wildfire

Sentence: Ten homes were destroyed in the conflagration that was started by an arsonist.


English ii

Decree (N.)

DEFINITION: A law or proclamation.

Synonyms: order, doctrine, edict, rule

Sentence: The judge issued a decree outlawing facial hair.


English ii

Devoid (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lacking in; free from.

Synonyms: barren, destitute, empty

Sentence: Her personality is devoid of wit and creativity, which is why she is single.


English ii

Exhilarating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Causing feelings of excitement.

Synonyms: stimulating, elating, thrilling

Sentence: We always have exhilarating discussions in Mr. Halpin’s class.


English ii

Fluctuation (N.)

DEFINITION: A change.

Synonyms: undulation, variation, shift

Sentence: Not doing homework for 2 weeks caused a dramatic fluctuation in his grade.


English ii

Indefatigable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Unable to be tired out.

Synonyms: tireless, unflagging, unrelenting

Sentence: Her indefatigable spirit helped her overcome the greatest challenges in her life.


English ii

Rectify (V.)

DEFINITION: To make right.

Synonyms: correct, repair, amend

Sentence: Only an act of God could rectify some of the problems created by man.


English ii

Remedy (N.)

DEFINITION: Something that corrects an error or a fault.

Synonyms: solution, relief, cure

Sentence: A remedy for bad behavior is stricter punishments.


English ii

Propagate (V.)

DEFINITION: To spread; to make widely known.

Synonyms: distribute, disseminate, publicize

Sentence: It is your responsibility to propagate the information about the party.


English ii

Proximity (N.)

DEFINITION: Nearness in space or time.

Synonyms: closeness, vicinity, juxtaposition

Sentence: Sonora’s proximity to In-n-Out enables students to walk there for lunch.


English ii

Invigorating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Giving strength and vitality.

Synonyms: strengthen, vitalize

Sentence: An afternoon nap can be invigorating after a hard day’s work.


English ii

Monotony (N.)

DEFINITION: The quality of wearisome constancy, routine, and lack of variety.

Synonyms: tediousness, dullness, repetitiveness

Sentence: Some struggle with the monotony of their daily lives and enjoy the change of pace the weekend brings.


English ii

Perpetuate (V.)

DEFINITION: To cause to continue.

Synonyms: maintain, preserve, sustain, keep going

Sentence: It is unfortunate that society perpetuates stereotypes about minorities.


English ii

Deleterious (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Harmful to living things.

Synonyms: injurious, hurtful, destructive

Sentence: Crime has a deleterious effect on the neighborhood’s reputation.


English ii

Enamored (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Foolish or unreasoning fondness.

Synonyms: in love, infatuated, smitten

Sentence: Sophomore boys are too easily enamored with girls.


English ii

Sedentary (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Requiring sitting or little activity.

Synonyms: inactive, seated, motionless

Sentence: A sedentary lifestyle has been linked to poor health and obesity.


English ii

Stimulating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Inspiring enthusiasm.

Synonyms: exhilarating, invigorating, exciting

Sentence: A stimulating activity always makes time go by faster.


English ii

Ungainly (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lacking grace when moving.

Synonyms: clumsy, awkward, uncoordinated

Sentence: The ungainly competitors are the first to be eliminated on Dancing With the Stars.


English ii

Vacillate (V.)

DEFINITION: To fluctuate between opinions.

Synonyms: waver, be doubtful, be indecisive

Sentence: Many vacillate over major decisions, like which college to attend.


English ii

Tranquility (N.)

DEFINITION: A state of peace and quiet.

Synonyms: serenity, quietude, calmness

Sentence: After a hectic day, we all seek tranquility.


English ii

Frigid (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Extremely cold.

Synonyms: icy, frosty, frozen

Sentence: The ocean is too frigid to swim in without a wetsuit.


English ii

Ignite (V.)

DEFINITION: Cause to start burning.

Synonyms: light, set fire to, kindle

Sentence: The conflagration was ignited by a discarded cigarette.


English ii

Indisputable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Impossible to doubt.

Synonyms: sure, certain, proven

Sentence: There is indisputable proof that sophomores are too smart for their own good!


English ii

Perusing (N.)

DEFINITION: Reading carefully with intent to remember.

Synonyms: studying

Sentence: When perusing your textbook, it is important to write down some of the information.


English ii

Pursuing (Adj./V.)

DEFINITION: Following in an effort to capture.

Synonyms: following, chasing, going after

Sentence: The police are still pursuing the criminal.


English ii

Saturate (V.)

DEFINITION: To fill completely.

Synonyms: flood, overwhelm, soak

Sentence: Make sure you saturate the sponge before washing the car.


English ii

Seclusion (N.)

DEFINITION: The quality of being separated from others.

Synonyms: privacy, isolation, hiding

Sentence: The seclusion found in one’s room can provide needed tranquility.


English ii

Amorous (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Displaying love or desire.

Synonyms: loving, fond, lovesick

Sentence: The amorous couple exchanged gifts on their anniversary.


English ii

Consummate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Accomplished or supremely skilled.

Synonyms: masterful, supreme, perfect

Sentence: With plenty of practice, you can become a consummate writer.


English ii

Conversely (Adv.)

DEFINITION: In a contrary or opposite way.

Synonyms: On the other hand, contrarily, vice versa

Sentence: All mothers are women; conversely, not all women are mothers.


English ii

Futile (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Producing no result or effect.

Synonyms: ineffectual, useless, pointless

Sentence: Convincing someone that he or she is wrong is often futile.


English ii

Incantation (N.)

DEFINITION: A ritual recitation of words to produce a magical effect.

Synonyms: chant, charm, spell

Sentence: They believed that the incantation and special brew would raise the dead.


English ii

Inevitably (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Impossible to avoid.

Synonyms: certainly, unavoidably, necessarily

Sentence: Inevitably, we will all become worm food.


English ii

Infatuation (N.)

DEFINITION: A foolish, short-lived passion.

Synonyms: crush, obsession

Sentence: Teenagers often confuse infatuation with true love.


English ii

Interminable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Seemingly without end.

Synonyms: endless, eternal, never-ending

Sentence: A long, boring speech or sermon is often described as interminable.


English ii

Laboriously (Adv.)

DEFINITION: In a hard-working manner.

Synonyms: arduously, strenuously, diligently

Sentence: They worked laboriously to dig out the miners in Chile.


English ii

Reticence (N.)

DEFINITION: The state or quality of being reluctant to speak.

Synonyms: silence, reserve, restraint

Sentence: Reticence is a quality that is usually displayed by shy people.


English ii

Shroud (V.)

DEFINITION: To cover or hide.

Synonyms: conceal, screen, veil

Sentence: The early morning fog shrouds the coast, making it difficult to see.


English ii

Synchronously (Adv.)

DEFINITION: At the same time.

Synonyms: together, concurrently, jointly

Sentence: The dancers moved synchronously as they moved across the floor.


English ii

Emerged (V.)

DEFINITION: To come out.

Synonyms: appear, arise, turn up

Sentence: The facts emerged when the witness told his side of the story.


English ii

Retained (V.)

DEFINITION: To maintain possession.

Synonyms: keep, maintain, hold

Sentence: The Raiders retained possession of the ball after the fumble.


English ii

Attributed (V.)

DEFINITION: To give credit.

Synonyms: assign, ascribe, blame

Sentence: They attributed their success to patience and hard work.


English ii

Obvious (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Easy to see or understand.

Synonyms: apparent, evident, blatant

Sentence: It is obvious that USC is better than UCLA.


English ii

Adequate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Sufficient for the purpose.

Synonyms: enough, satisfactory, decent

Sentence: You have an adequate amount of experience to get the job done.


English ii

Precise (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Exact, as in performance, execution, or amount.

Synonyms: exact, specific, definite

Sentence: Be sure to use the precise words when you quote someone else.


English ii

Facilitate (V.)

DEFINITION: To make easier.

Synonyms: help, ease, expedite

Sentence: Giving one’s full effort will facilitate the process of learning a new skill.


English ii

Transition (N.)

DEFINITION: The act of passing from one state or place to the next.

Synonyms: change, shift, alteration

Sentence: Some students have a difficult time with the transition from junior high to high school.


English ii

Rejected (Adj./V.)

DEFINITION: Refused or to refuse.

Synonyms: discarded, spurned, thrown away

Sentence: She rejected his amorous attempts because she was infatuated with someone else.


English ii

Notion (N.)

DEFINITION: A belief or opinion.

Synonyms: idea, view, concept

Sentence: The notion that Sonora is the best school is indisputable.


English ii1

English II

2nd Quarter

Vocabulary


English ii

Accolades (Noun)

DEFINITION: Praises or awards.

Synonyms: honors, recognition, tributes

Sentence: The soldier received accolades for his service in the military. OR The chef received accolades for his fine cuisine.


English ii

Amendment (Noun)

DEFINITION: A correction or change.

Synonyms: adjustment, addition, alteration

Sentence: We are sometimes asked to vote on an amendment to the law. OR The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as The Bill of Rights.


English ii

Annihilate (Verb)

DEFINITION: To destroy completely.

Synonyms: wipe out, erase, obliterate

Sentence: The plan is to annihilate the world of terrorism. OR The strong medicine will annihilate the virus.


English ii

Assured (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Made certain.

Synonyms: guaranteed, confirmed, clinched

Sentence: The victory is assured now that everyone is healthy. OR He assured us that our identities would be withheld.


English ii

Captivated (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Filled with wonder or delight.

Synonyms: charmed, enthralled, beguiled

Sentence: The captivated audience watched the performance from the edge of their seats. OR Her gaze held him captivated for hours.


English ii

Complex (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Not easy.

Synonyms: difficult, hard, complicated

Sentence: The further along you go in Math, the more complex the problems become.


English ii

Conflict (Noun)

DEFINITION: A struggle or problem.

Synonyms: battle, fight, dispute

Sentence: War is a conflict that causes great losses on both sides.


English ii

Context (Noun)

DEFINITION: The set of circumstances that surround a situation or event.

Synonyms: setting, condition, background

Sentence: Most literature allow readers an insight to the context of daily life of a culture or time period.


English ii

Decipher (Verb)

DEFINITION: To determine the meaning of something.

Synonyms: decode, solve, understand, figure out

Sentence: He was unable to decipher the code before the bomb went off.


English ii

Decline (Noun)

DEFINITION: A change toward something smaller or lower.

Synonyms: decrease, erosion, lessening

Sentence: The decline in morale can be blamed on the new manager.


English ii

Discretion (Noun)

DEFINITION: The quality of having or showing good judgment.

Synonyms: discreetness, sensibleness, common sense

Sentence: Use great discretion when dealing with unfamiliar situations or people.


English ii

Enable (Verb)

DEFINITION: To make possible.

Synonyms: allow, permit, empower

Sentence: Being able to speak many languages enables a person to communicate within a global community.


English ii

Enforcement (Noun)

DEFINITION: The act of ensuring obedience.

Synonyms: administration, insistence, carrying out

Sentence: A decline in the number of police officers makes law enforcement more difficult.


English ii

Enhanced (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Increased or intensified in quality.

Synonyms: improved, intensified, deepened

Sentence: Her enhanced beauty was a result of more sleep and less makeup.


English ii

Evolution (Noun)

DEFINITION: A process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage.

Synonyms: development, growth, advancement

Sentence: Some believe the evolution of man is an on-going process that began thousands of years ago. OR Beyonce’s evolution from an ordinary girl to a diva took place during her teen years.


English ii

Exceed (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to be greater than a number or amount, or to go past an allowed limit

Synonyms: Outperform, beat, surpass

Sentence: The final cost should not exceed $5000.

The success of our campaign has exceeded our wildest expectations.


English ii

Expertise (Noun)

  • DEFINITION: a high level of knowledge or skill

Sentence: We admired the expertise with which he prepared the meal.

I have no expertise in sewing/sewing expertise.


English ii

Exposure (Noun)

DEFINITION: uncovering; putting in view or danger

Synonyms: showing, risk, airing, display

Sentence: You should always limit your exposure to the sun.

Even a brief exposure to radiation is very dangerous.


English ii

External (adjective)

DEFINITION: of, on, for or coming from the outside

Synonyms: Outer, exterior, visible

Sentence:

Female kangaroos carry their young in pouches that are external to their bodies.

This cream is for external use only.


English ii

Forsake (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to leave someone forever, especially when they need you

Synonyms: Betray, leave

Sentence: Do not forsake me!

She refused to forsake her beliefs, even when threatened with death.


English ii

Illuminate (Verb)

  • DEFINITION: to light something and make it brighter OR to explain and show more clearly something that is difficult to understand

Synonyms: clarify, explain, brighten

  • Sentence: The streets were illuminated with strings of colored lights.


English ii

Incentive (noun)

  • DEFINITION: something which encourages a person to do something

Synonyms: motivation, drive, reward

Sentence: Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save and invest more of their income.

Bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.


English ii

Incorporate (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to include something as part of something larger

Synonyms: Include, integrate

Sentence: Suggestions from the survey have been incorporated into/in the final design.

This aircraft incorporates several new safety features.


English ii

Inhibition (Noun)

DEFINITION: a feeling of embarrassment or worry that prevents you from saying or doing what you want

Synonyms: Embarrassment, self-consciousness

Sentence:

She was determined to shed her inhibitions and have a good time.


English ii

Input (noun)

DEFINITION:something such as energy, money or information that is put into a system, organization or machine so that it can operate

Synonyms: Contribution, effort

Sentence: I didn't have much input into the project .

The power input will come largely from hydroelectricity.


English ii

Interval (Noun)

DEFINITION: a period between two events or times, or the space between two points

Synonyms:

Gap,distance

Sentence: We see each other at regular intervals - usually about once a month.


English ii

Intricate (adjective)

DEFINITION: having a lot of small parts or details that are arranged in a complicated way

Synonyms: Complicated, elaborate, complex

Sentence: The watch mechanism is extremely intricate and very difficult to repair.

Police officers uncovered an intricate web of deceit.


English ii

Martyr (noun)

DEFINITION: a person who suffers very much or is killed because of their political or religious beliefs, and is often admired because of it

Synonyms: sufferer, victim

Sentence: She fought against racism all her life and died a martyr to the cause.


English ii

Merits (Noun)

DEFINITION: the quality of being good and deserving praise

Synonyms: value, advantage

Sentence:

Her book has the merits of being both informative and readable.

We discussed the merits of herbal tea.


English ii

Mired (verb/adj.)

DEFINITION: to be involved in a difficult situation, especially for a long period of time

Synonyms: stalled, stuck, delayed

Sentence: The peace talks are mired in bureaucracy.


English ii

Paradigm (Noun)

DEFINITION: a model of something, or a very clear and typical example of something.

Synonyms: model, way of thinking

Sentence: Some educators are hoping to produce a change in the current cultural paradigm.


English ii

Presumption (noun)

DEFINITION: A belief that something is true without having any proof.

Synonyms: assumption, guess

Sentence:The presumption of innocence is central to the justice system.

There is no scientific evidence to support such presumptions.


English ii

Procure (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to get something, especially after an effort

Synonyms: get, obtain, acquire

Sentence: She's managed somehow to procure his telephone number.


English ii

Punitive (Adjective)

DEFINITION: intended as a punishment

Synonyms: disciplinary, corrective

Sentence: Detention is meant to be punitive, not fun.


English ii

Recovery (noun)

DEFINITION: the process of getting back something lost, especially health, ability, possessions, etc.

Synonyms: revival, healing, improvement

Sentence: Mira made a speedy recovery from the operation.

At last the economy is showing signs of recovery.


English ii

Refraction (Noun)

DEFINITION: When water or glass, etc. refracts light or sound, etc., it causes it to change direction or to separate when it travels through it

Synonyms: distortion, deflection

Sentence: The glass prism refracted the white light into the colors of the rainbow.


English ii

Resplendent (adj.)

DEFINITION: having a very bright or splendid appearance.

Synonyms: dazzling, splendid, stunning, brilliant

Sentence: I saw Anna at the other end of the room, resplendent in a red sequined cocktail dress.


English ii

Revered (adj.)

DEFINITION: to greatly respect and admire someone or something

Synonyms: admired, respected, venerated

Sentence: Nelson Mandela is revered for his brave fight against apartheid.


English ii

Solace (Noun)

DEFINITION: help and comfort when you are feeling sad or worried

Synonyms: comfort, support

Sentence: When his wife left him, he found solace in friends.

Music was a great solace to me.


English ii

Vantage (noun)

DEFINITION: a particular personal way of thinking or set of opinions OR a place, especially a high place, which provides a good clear view of an area

Synonyms: angle, perspective

Sentence: From our lofty vantage point, we could see the city spread out below us.


English ii

Uniform (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences.

Synonyms: unvarying, homogeneous, undifferentiated, consistent, identical

Sentence: Military personnel are expected to be uniform in dress and behavior. OR Gatby’s mannersisms are not uniform; they change depending upon whom he is with.


English ii

Vehicle (Noun)

DEFINITION: A medium or device through which something is transmitted, expressed, or accomplished.

Synonyms: medium, means, channel, mechanism

Sentence: She uses her artwork as a vehicle to express her political beliefs. OR Tonight’s performance is a vehicle for her to display her talents.


English ii

Virtually (Adv.)

DEFINITION: Slightly short of or not quite accomplished.

Synonyms: almost, nearly, about, practically

Sentence: Virtually everyone signed the contract. OR After 12 hours, the job is virtually done.


English ii

Widespread (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Widely circulated or spread out.

Synonyms: common, popular, sweeping, broad, extensive

Sentence: There have been widespread layoffs in the last two years. OR There is widespread fear of the effects of global warming.


English ii

Visual (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Of or relating to sight; capable of being seen.

Synonyms: optical, observable, visible

Sentence: Most people are visual learners, not auditory. OR There was no visual evidence to support his argument.


English ii2

English II

2nd Semester

Vocabulary


English ii

Abscond (V.)

DEFINITION: To run away secretly.

Synonyms: escape, flee, sneak away

Sentence: The prisoner plans to abscond from his cell at midnight.


English ii

Abstract (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Existing only in the mind; dealing with something without purpose or intention.

Synonyms: theoretical, complex, hypothetical

Sentence: Truth, pride, and other non-physical character traits are abstract.


English ii

Aggregate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Amounting to a whole; total

Synonyms: mass, collective, collected

Sentence: The aggregate number of goals scored after two games is 20.


English ii

Allocation (N.)

DEFINITION: A share set aside for a specific purpose.

Synonyms: allotment, allowance, rationing

Sentence: Every month, my parents have an allocation of money they save for our vacation.


English ii

Alter (V.)

DEFINITION: To change.

Synonyms: modify, change, transform

Sentence: We had to alter our plans because of the weather.


English ii

Apathetic (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Having or showing little or no feeling or emotion.

Synonyms: indifferent, uninterested, listless

Sentence: All who are in favor should voice their opinions and stop being so apathetic.


English ii

Bond (N.)

DEFINITION: A uniting force or tie; something that fastens or connects things together.

Synonyms: tie, link, connection

Sentence: The bond between the man and his dog was so great that they could not live without each other.


English ii

Cacophony (N.)

DEFINITION: A harsh discordance of sounds; a meaningless mixture of sounds.

Synonyms: discord, noise, clamor

Sentence: He could not hear over the cacophony of instruments in the band room.


English ii

Capable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Having power and ability.

Synonyms: efficient, accomplished, adequate

Sentence: You are capable of doing anything you put your mind to.


English ii

Capacity (N.)

DEFINITION: Maximum amount that can be contained; power of receiving impressions, knowledge

Synonyms: expanse; ability, competency

Sentence: He had a large mental capacity for remembering names and birthdays.


English ii

Cavort (V.)

DEFINITION: To play in a lively manner.

Synonyms: frolic, rollick, romp

Sentence: Children like to cavort in the water, splashing each other.


English ii

Celerity (N.)

DEFINITION: A rate that is rapid.

Synonyms: rapidness, speediness, quickness

Sentence: A doctor must respond with celerity to an emergency situation.


English ii

Cited (V.)

DEFINITION: Made reference to.

Synonyms: mentioned, referred, brought up

Sentence: The class cited the literature as evidence in their essays.


English ii

Clause (N.)

DEFINITION: A group of words containing a subject and a predicate (verb).

Synonyms:

Sentence: An independent clause is a complete sentence; a dependent clause is not.


English ii

Clout (N.)

DEFINITION: Power or influence.

Synonyms: pull, authority, prestige

Sentence: People who keep their word have more clout than those who make empty promises.


English ii

Colossal (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Extraordinarily great in size, extent, or degree.

Synonyms: gigantic, huge, enormous

Sentence: She made a colossal mistake by letting her reckless friend borrow her car.


English ii

Consultation (N.)

DEFINITION: A meeting for deliberation, discussion, or decision.

Synonyms: conference, discussion, meeting

Sentence: The patient had a consultation with his doctor about his test results.


English ii

Cooperative (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Working or acting together willingly for a common purpose or benefit.

Synonyms: collaborative

Sentence: Because the criminal was so cooperative with police, they reduced his sentence.


English ii

Credence (N.)

DEFINITION: Acceptance as valid or truth.

Synonyms: trust, assurance, belief

Sentence: Do not give credence to gossip.


English ii

Debilitate (V.)

DEFINITION: To make weak or feeble.

Synonyms: exhaust, weaken

Sentence: Being without food and water greatly debilitated the lost hikers.


English ii

Diversity (N.)

DEFINITION: The state or quality of being different.

Synonyms: variety, multiplicity

Sentence: Cultural diversity can be identified by the variety of languages spoken in a country.


English ii

Domain (N.)

DEFINITION: A particular environment or walk of life.

Synonyms: specialty, arena, area, field

Sentence: The study of English is in my domain; mathematics is not.


English ii

Enigmatic (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Difficult to understand; confusing.

Synonyms: puzzling, ambiguous, incomprehensible

Sentence: Understanding teenagers is often difficult because of their enigmatic behaviors.


English ii

Ephemeral (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lasting for a short time.

Synonyms: brief, temporary, transient

Sentence: A fly has an ephemeral life span.


English ii

Equanimity (N.)

DEFINITION: Calmness of temperament.

Synonyms: composure, poise, serenity, coolness

Sentence: It’s important to maintain your equanimity during stressful situations.


Week 3

Week 3

  • Equivalent (adj)

    Def: equal in value, measure, force, effect, significance, etc.:

    - His silence is equivalent to an admission of guilt.


Week 31

Week 3

  • Erroneously (adj)

  • Def: containing an error or mistake

    -The news erroneously wrote “Obama” bin laden rather than Osama bin laden


Week 32

Week 3

  • Euphoric (adj)

    Def: a feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being sometimes exaggerated in pathological states as mania.

    -Diving in the Great Barrier Reef gives one a sense of euphoria.


Week 33

Week 3

  • Expansion (n)

  • Def: the act or process of expanding

    -The school expanded the building as more students enrolled.


Week 34

Week 3

  • Explicit (adj)

    Def: fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied; unequivocal:

    - The teacher gave explicit instructions for homework.


Week 35

Week 3

  • Extol (v)-

    Def: to praise highly

    -The people would extol their king as if he were a God.


Week 36

Week 3

  • Fester (v)

    Def: to putrefy or rot.

    -The untreated wound was left to fester.


Week 37

Week 3

  • Fissure (n)

    Def: a narrow opening produced by cleavage or separation of parts.

    - The earthquake created fissures between the neighborhoods.


Week 38

Week 3

  • Flagrantly (adj)

    Def: in flagrant manner( flagrant: shockingly noticeable or evident; obvious)

    - The candidates flagrantly expressed their anger towards each other.


Week 39

Week 3

  • Fundamental (adj)

    Def: serving as, or being an essential part of; basic

    - Using formulas is fundamental part of solving math problems.


Week 310

Week 3

  • Gambol (v)

    Def: to skip about, as in dancing or playing; frolic.

    - A deer gamboled on the field.


Week 311

Week 3

  • Gender (n)

  • Def: Any of the categories, such as masculine, feminine, neuter or common, with such a set

    - Employers cannot discriminate workers based on gender.


Week 312

Week 3

  • Generated (adj)

    Def: brought into existence; produced

    -The graphics and animations were computer generated.


Week 4

Week 4

  • Incidence (n)

    Def: the rate or range of occurrence or influence of something, especially of something unwanted

    - the high incidence of heart disease in men over 40.


Week 41

Week 4

  • Incredulity (n)

    Def: the quality or state of being incredulous; inability or unwillingness to believe.

    -When her son told her he was late getting home because of a UFO, she expressed her incredulity.


Week 42

Week 4

  • Indiscretion (n)

    Def: lack of discretion; imprudence.

    -His indiscretion ruined all the relationships he has had.


Week 43

Week 4

  • Indiscretion (n)

  • Def: The characteristic of not being sneaky

    - His indiscretion keeps him from being a ninja.


Week 44

Week 4

  • Initiatives (n)

    Def: an introductory act or step; leading action:

    - When you first get to school, initiative in making friends is necessary.


Week 45

Week 4

  • Languid (adj)

    Def: lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow

    - When discussing important topics, KRod talks in a languid manner.


Week 46

Week 4

  • Liberal (adj)

    Def: favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs

    -Democrats have liberal views on abortion.


Week 47

Week 4

  • Linger (v)

    Def: to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave

    -We lingered awhile after the party.


Week 48

Week 4

Lucid (adj)

Def: easy to understand

-a lucid explanation.


Week 49

Week 4

  • Marginal (adj)

  • Def: close to a limit; not considered important

    -It was a simple marginal error.


Week 410

Week 4

  • Monitoring (v)

  • Def: to serve as a monitor, detector, supervisor, etc.

    -The government monitors some phone conversations.


Week 411

Week 4

  • Nemesis (n)

    Def: something that a person cannot conquer, achieve, etc.

    -The performance test proved to be my nemesis.


Week 412

Week 4

  • Nevertheless (adv)

    Def: nonetheless; however

    - a small but nevertheless important change.


Week 5

Week 5

  • Objective (Adj)

    Def: not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; unbiased

    - A judge has to be objective overseer.


Week 51

Week 5

  • Obtuse (adj)

    Def: not quick or alert in perception, feeling, or intellect; not sensitive or observant; dull.

    - Many people have stereotypes that blonds are obtuse.


Week 52

Week 5

  • Palpitate (v)

  • Def: to flutter or tremble

  • His heart palpitated wildly.


Week 53

Week 5

  • Panache (n)

  • Def: a grand or flamboyant manner

    -In The Great Gatsby, Gatsby has panache


Week 54

Week 5

  • Pernicious (adj)

  • Def: causing grave harm; deadly

  • The Black Plague is a pernicious disease.


Week 55

Week 5

  • Plausible (adj)

    Def: seemingly valid or acceptable

    -His theory of the Clippers being better then the Lakers is plausible.


Week 56

Week 5

  • Poignant (adj)

    Def: profoundly moving, touching

    - The scene in the movie was so poignant that people started to cry.


Week 57

Week 5

  • Preceding (adj)

  • Def: previous

  • Refer back to the footnote on the preceding page.


Week 58

Week 5

  • Predilection (n)

  • Def: a tendency to think favorably about something in particular

  • KRod has a predilection for Clippers.


Week 59

Week 5

  • Prime (adj)

  • Def: first in importance; fundamental

    - The prime source of production of honey is bees.


Week 510

Week 5

  • Profusion (n)

  • Def: abundance; great quantity

    -profusion of food in Africa would alleviate the starvation problems.


Week 511

Week 5

  • Pursue (v)

  • Def: to follow closely or accompany

    -The police pursued the suspect.


Week 512

Week 5

  • Rational (adj)

  • Def: of sound mind

    Monks are by far the most rational people.


Week 6

Week 6

  • Revealed (v)

  • To make known

  • It was revealed to Luke that Darth Vader was his father.


Week 61

Week 6

  • Savor (n)

  • Def: a distinctive quality or property

  • You must savor the flavors of a great piece of food, no matter what it is.


Week 62

Week 6

  • Scope (n)

  • Def: range of view, perception, grasp, or outlook

  • The scope of vision one has looking out at sea ends at the horizon.


Week 63

Week 6

  • Sojourn (n)

  • Def: A temporary stay

  • They had to make an unexpected sojourn in La Habra for the night.


Week 64

Week 6

  • Stability (n)

  • Def: continuous without change

  • In this recession financial stability is hard to find.


Week 65

Week 6

  • Subsidiary (adj)

  • Def: serving to aid or supplement

    -Vitamins are subsidiary to child’s growth.


Week 66

Week 6

  • Succumb (v)

  • Def: to give way to superior force

  • He succumbed to the dark side after the promise of cookies.


Week 67

Week 6

  • Surmise (v)

  • Def: to think or infer without strong evidence

  • He surmised that his girlfriend was cheating on him.


Week 68

Week 6

  • Sustainable (v)

  • Def: to keep up or keep going

  • The land must be sustainable for life before people move in.


Week 69

Week 6

  • Symbiotic (n)

  • Def: a similar relationship between interdependent persons or groups

  • When a fish and a sea anemone live together, that is a symbiotic relationship.


Week 610

Week 6

  • Transformation (n)

  • Def: change in form, appearance, nature, or character

  • In the movie Transformers, the cars go through multiple transformations between robot and car.


Week 611

Week 6

  • Transport (v)

  • Def: to carry or cause to go from one place to another

  • They transported the prisoner form one jail to another.


Week 612

Week 6

  • Trend (n)

  • Def: general tendency or direction

  • It is hard to keep up with all the trends these days because they change so much.


Week 7

Week 7

  • Trepidation (n)

  • Def: a state of fear or anxiety

  • It is hard to overcome trepidation.


Week 71

Week 7

  • Underlying (adj.)

  • Def: to be at the basis of

  • Algebra is an underlying curriculum for college math.


Week 72

Week 7

  • Utility (n)

  • Def: the quality of practical use; usefulness

    -This chemical has no utility as an agricultural fertilizer .


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