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English II. 1 st Quarter Vocabulary. Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir. Definition: In or into. a. Words and meanings: Insect [IN in + SECT to cut] – an invertebrate with a body cut into 3 pieces. Induce [IN into + DUC to lead] – to lead into or persuade.

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English ii

English II

1st Quarter

Vocabulary


Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir

Definition: In or into

a

Words and meanings:

Insect [IN in + SECT to cut] – an invertebrate with a body cut into 3 pieces.

Induce [IN into + DUC to lead] – to lead into or persuade.

Innate [IN in + NAT to be born] – born in one.

ALSO: Illuminate, Impede, Invoke, Inspect


Roots: In, Im, Il, Ir

DEFINITION: Not

a

Words and meanings:

Intangible [IN not + TANG to touch] – not able to be touched.

Immobile [IM not + MOB to move] – unable to move.

Impunity [IM not + PUN to punish] – free from punishment.

Also: Impervious, Infinite, Incredible, Irreverent


SEQU

DEFINITION: To follow.

a

Words and meanings:

Sequel – continuation

Sequence – a following of one thing after another.

Consequence – something that logically follows from an action.

Also: Inconsequential, sequential, subsequent


INTER

DEFINITION: Between

a

Words and meanings:

Interstate – between states

Intermediary – one who acts as a mediator or go-between.

Interim – a time between periods or events.

Also: Intercede, Intercollegiate, Interlude


DE

DEFINITION: Away, down, off, from, apart, completely

a

Words and meanings:

Demote [DE down + MOT to move] – to move down in rank.

Deciduous [DE off + CID to fall] – falling off, as leaves fall from trees.

Also: Decapitate, Deflect, Deter, Deport


PER

DEFINITION: Through

a

Words and meanings:

Pervade [PER through + VAD to go] – to go through; to spread throughout.

Perceive [PER through + CAP to take] – to take note of; to grasp mentally.

Also: Permit, Perennial, Perspective


JECT

DEFINITION: To throw.

a

Words:

Injection

Rejected

Subject

Project


VERT

DEFINITION: To turn.

a

Words:

Conversely

Extrovert

Introvert

Vertical

Revert


FAC

DEFINITION: To make.

a

Words:

Facilitate

Factory

Deface

Factual

Preface


MONO

DEFINITION: One

a

Words:

Monolith

Monochromatic

Monocle

Monopoly


CHRON

DEFINITION: Time

a

Words:

Chronology

Chronological

Chronicle

Synchronous


Conflagration (N.)

DEFINITION: A large destructive fire.

Synonyms: inferno, blaze, wildfire

Sentence: Ten homes were destroyed in the conflagration that was started by an arsonist.


Decree (N.)

DEFINITION: A law or proclamation.

Synonyms: order, doctrine, edict, rule

Sentence: The judge issued a decree outlawing facial hair.


Devoid (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lacking in; free from.

Synonyms: barren, destitute, empty

Sentence: Her personality is devoid of wit and creativity, which is why she is single.


Exhilarating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Causing feelings of excitement.

Synonyms: stimulating, elating, thrilling

Sentence: We always have exhilarating discussions in Mr. Halpin’s class.


Fluctuation (N.)

DEFINITION: A change.

Synonyms: undulation, variation, shift

Sentence: Not doing homework for 2 weeks caused a dramatic fluctuation in his grade.


Indefatigable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Unable to be tired out.

Synonyms: tireless, unflagging, unrelenting

Sentence: Her indefatigable spirit helped her overcome the greatest challenges in her life.


Rectify (V.)

DEFINITION: To make right.

Synonyms: correct, repair, amend

Sentence: Only an act of God could rectify some of the problems created by man.


Remedy (N.)

DEFINITION: Something that corrects an error or a fault.

Synonyms: solution, relief, cure

Sentence: A remedy for bad behavior is stricter punishments.


Propagate (V.)

DEFINITION: To spread; to make widely known.

Synonyms: distribute, disseminate, publicize

Sentence: It is your responsibility to propagate the information about the party.


Proximity (N.)

DEFINITION: Nearness in space or time.

Synonyms: closeness, vicinity, juxtaposition

Sentence: Sonora’s proximity to In-n-Out enables students to walk there for lunch.


Invigorating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Giving strength and vitality.

Synonyms: strengthen, vitalize

Sentence: An afternoon nap can be invigorating after a hard day’s work.


Monotony (N.)

DEFINITION: The quality of wearisome constancy, routine, and lack of variety.

Synonyms: tediousness, dullness, repetitiveness

Sentence: Some struggle with the monotony of their daily lives and enjoy the change of pace the weekend brings.


Perpetuate (V.)

DEFINITION: To cause to continue.

Synonyms: maintain, preserve, sustain, keep going

Sentence: It is unfortunate that society perpetuates stereotypes about minorities.


Deleterious (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Harmful to living things.

Synonyms: injurious, hurtful, destructive

Sentence: Crime has a deleterious effect on the neighborhood’s reputation.


Enamored (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Foolish or unreasoning fondness.

Synonyms: in love, infatuated, smitten

Sentence: Sophomore boys are too easily enamored with girls.


Sedentary (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Requiring sitting or little activity.

Synonyms: inactive, seated, motionless

Sentence: A sedentary lifestyle has been linked to poor health and obesity.


Stimulating (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Inspiring enthusiasm.

Synonyms: exhilarating, invigorating, exciting

Sentence: A stimulating activity always makes time go by faster.


Ungainly (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lacking grace when moving.

Synonyms: clumsy, awkward, uncoordinated

Sentence: The ungainly competitors are the first to be eliminated on Dancing With the Stars.


Vacillate (V.)

DEFINITION: To fluctuate between opinions.

Synonyms: waver, be doubtful, be indecisive

Sentence: Many vacillate over major decisions, like which college to attend.


Tranquility (N.)

DEFINITION: A state of peace and quiet.

Synonyms: serenity, quietude, calmness

Sentence: After a hectic day, we all seek tranquility.


Frigid (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Extremely cold.

Synonyms: icy, frosty, frozen

Sentence: The ocean is too frigid to swim in without a wetsuit.


Ignite (V.)

DEFINITION: Cause to start burning.

Synonyms: light, set fire to, kindle

Sentence: The conflagration was ignited by a discarded cigarette.


Indisputable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Impossible to doubt.

Synonyms: sure, certain, proven

Sentence: There is indisputable proof that sophomores are too smart for their own good!


Perusing (N.)

DEFINITION: Reading carefully with intent to remember.

Synonyms: studying

Sentence: When perusing your textbook, it is important to write down some of the information.


Pursuing (Adj./V.)

DEFINITION: Following in an effort to capture.

Synonyms: following, chasing, going after

Sentence: The police are still pursuing the criminal.


Saturate (V.)

DEFINITION: To fill completely.

Synonyms: flood, overwhelm, soak

Sentence: Make sure you saturate the sponge before washing the car.


Seclusion (N.)

DEFINITION: The quality of being separated from others.

Synonyms: privacy, isolation, hiding

Sentence: The seclusion found in one’s room can provide needed tranquility.


Amorous (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Displaying love or desire.

Synonyms: loving, fond, lovesick

Sentence: The amorous couple exchanged gifts on their anniversary.


Consummate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Accomplished or supremely skilled.

Synonyms: masterful, supreme, perfect

Sentence: With plenty of practice, you can become a consummate writer.


Conversely (Adv.)

DEFINITION: In a contrary or opposite way.

Synonyms: On the other hand, contrarily, vice versa

Sentence: All mothers are women; conversely, not all women are mothers.


Futile (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Producing no result or effect.

Synonyms: ineffectual, useless, pointless

Sentence: Convincing someone that he or she is wrong is often futile.


Incantation (N.)

DEFINITION: A ritual recitation of words to produce a magical effect.

Synonyms: chant, charm, spell

Sentence: They believed that the incantation and special brew would raise the dead.


Inevitably (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Impossible to avoid.

Synonyms: certainly, unavoidably, necessarily

Sentence: Inevitably, we will all become worm food.


Infatuation (N.)

DEFINITION: A foolish, short-lived passion.

Synonyms: crush, obsession

Sentence: Teenagers often confuse infatuation with true love.


Interminable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Seemingly without end.

Synonyms: endless, eternal, never-ending

Sentence: A long, boring speech or sermon is often described as interminable.


Laboriously (Adv.)

DEFINITION: In a hard-working manner.

Synonyms: arduously, strenuously, diligently

Sentence: They worked laboriously to dig out the miners in Chile.


Reticence (N.)

DEFINITION: The state or quality of being reluctant to speak.

Synonyms: silence, reserve, restraint

Sentence: Reticence is a quality that is usually displayed by shy people.


Shroud (V.)

DEFINITION: To cover or hide.

Synonyms: conceal, screen, veil

Sentence: The early morning fog shrouds the coast, making it difficult to see.


Synchronously (Adv.)

DEFINITION: At the same time.

Synonyms: together, concurrently, jointly

Sentence: The dancers moved synchronously as they moved across the floor.


Emerged (V.)

DEFINITION: To come out.

Synonyms: appear, arise, turn up

Sentence: The facts emerged when the witness told his side of the story.


Retained (V.)

DEFINITION: To maintain possession.

Synonyms: keep, maintain, hold

Sentence: The Raiders retained possession of the ball after the fumble.


Attributed (V.)

DEFINITION: To give credit.

Synonyms: assign, ascribe, blame

Sentence: They attributed their success to patience and hard work.


Obvious (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Easy to see or understand.

Synonyms: apparent, evident, blatant

Sentence: It is obvious that USC is better than UCLA.


Adequate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Sufficient for the purpose.

Synonyms: enough, satisfactory, decent

Sentence: You have an adequate amount of experience to get the job done.


Precise (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Exact, as in performance, execution, or amount.

Synonyms: exact, specific, definite

Sentence: Be sure to use the precise words when you quote someone else.


Facilitate (V.)

DEFINITION: To make easier.

Synonyms: help, ease, expedite

Sentence: Giving one’s full effort will facilitate the process of learning a new skill.


Transition (N.)

DEFINITION: The act of passing from one state or place to the next.

Synonyms: change, shift, alteration

Sentence: Some students have a difficult time with the transition from junior high to high school.


Rejected (Adj./V.)

DEFINITION: Refused or to refuse.

Synonyms: discarded, spurned, thrown away

Sentence: She rejected his amorous attempts because she was infatuated with someone else.


Notion (N.)

DEFINITION: A belief or opinion.

Synonyms: idea, view, concept

Sentence: The notion that Sonora is the best school is indisputable.


English ii1

English II

2nd Quarter

Vocabulary


Accolades (Noun)

DEFINITION: Praises or awards.

Synonyms: honors, recognition, tributes

Sentence: The soldier received accolades for his service in the military. OR The chef received accolades for his fine cuisine.


Amendment (Noun)

DEFINITION: A correction or change.

Synonyms: adjustment, addition, alteration

Sentence: We are sometimes asked to vote on an amendment to the law. OR The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as The Bill of Rights.


Annihilate (Verb)

DEFINITION: To destroy completely.

Synonyms: wipe out, erase, obliterate

Sentence: The plan is to annihilate the world of terrorism. OR The strong medicine will annihilate the virus.


Assured (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Made certain.

Synonyms: guaranteed, confirmed, clinched

Sentence: The victory is assured now that everyone is healthy. OR He assured us that our identities would be withheld.


Captivated (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Filled with wonder or delight.

Synonyms: charmed, enthralled, beguiled

Sentence: The captivated audience watched the performance from the edge of their seats. OR Her gaze held him captivated for hours.


Complex (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Not easy.

Synonyms: difficult, hard, complicated

Sentence: The further along you go in Math, the more complex the problems become.


Conflict (Noun)

DEFINITION: A struggle or problem.

Synonyms: battle, fight, dispute

Sentence: War is a conflict that causes great losses on both sides.


Context (Noun)

DEFINITION: The set of circumstances that surround a situation or event.

Synonyms: setting, condition, background

Sentence: Most literature allow readers an insight to the context of daily life of a culture or time period.


Decipher (Verb)

DEFINITION: To determine the meaning of something.

Synonyms: decode, solve, understand, figure out

Sentence: He was unable to decipher the code before the bomb went off.


Decline (Noun)

DEFINITION: A change toward something smaller or lower.

Synonyms: decrease, erosion, lessening

Sentence: The decline in morale can be blamed on the new manager.


Discretion (Noun)

DEFINITION: The quality of having or showing good judgment.

Synonyms: discreetness, sensibleness, common sense

Sentence: Use great discretion when dealing with unfamiliar situations or people.


Enable (Verb)

DEFINITION: To make possible.

Synonyms: allow, permit, empower

Sentence: Being able to speak many languages enables a person to communicate within a global community.


Enforcement (Noun)

DEFINITION: The act of ensuring obedience.

Synonyms: administration, insistence, carrying out

Sentence: A decline in the number of police officers makes law enforcement more difficult.


Enhanced (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Increased or intensified in quality.

Synonyms: improved, intensified, deepened

Sentence: Her enhanced beauty was a result of more sleep and less makeup.


Evolution (Noun)

DEFINITION: A process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage.

Synonyms: development, growth, advancement

Sentence: Some believe the evolution of man is an on-going process that began thousands of years ago. OR Beyonce’s evolution from an ordinary girl to a diva took place during her teen years.


Exceed (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to be greater than a number or amount, or to go past an allowed limit

Synonyms: Outperform, beat, surpass

Sentence: The final cost should not exceed $5000.

The success of our campaign has exceeded our wildest expectations.


Expertise (Noun)

  • DEFINITION: a high level of knowledge or skill

Sentence: We admired the expertise with which he prepared the meal.

I have no expertise in sewing/sewing expertise.


Exposure (Noun)

DEFINITION: uncovering; putting in view or danger

Synonyms: showing, risk, airing, display

Sentence: You should always limit your exposure to the sun.

Even a brief exposure to radiation is very dangerous.


External (adjective)

DEFINITION: of, on, for or coming from the outside

Synonyms: Outer, exterior, visible

Sentence:

Female kangaroos carry their young in pouches that are external to their bodies.

This cream is for external use only.


Forsake (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to leave someone forever, especially when they need you

Synonyms: Betray, leave

Sentence: Do not forsake me!

She refused to forsake her beliefs, even when threatened with death.


Illuminate (Verb)

  • DEFINITION: to light something and make it brighter OR to explain and show more clearly something that is difficult to understand

Synonyms: clarify, explain, brighten

  • Sentence: The streets were illuminated with strings of colored lights.


Incentive (noun)

  • DEFINITION: something which encourages a person to do something

Synonyms: motivation, drive, reward

Sentence: Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save and invest more of their income.

Bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.


Incorporate (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to include something as part of something larger

Synonyms: Include, integrate

Sentence: Suggestions from the survey have been incorporated into/in the final design.

This aircraft incorporates several new safety features.


Inhibition (Noun)

DEFINITION: a feeling of embarrassment or worry that prevents you from saying or doing what you want

Synonyms: Embarrassment, self-consciousness

Sentence:

She was determined to shed her inhibitions and have a good time.


Input (noun)

DEFINITION:something such as energy, money or information that is put into a system, organization or machine so that it can operate

Synonyms: Contribution, effort

Sentence: I didn't have much input into the project .

The power input will come largely from hydroelectricity.


Interval (Noun)

DEFINITION: a period between two events or times, or the space between two points

Synonyms:

Gap,distance

Sentence: We see each other at regular intervals - usually about once a month.


Intricate (adjective)

DEFINITION: having a lot of small parts or details that are arranged in a complicated way

Synonyms: Complicated, elaborate, complex

Sentence: The watch mechanism is extremely intricate and very difficult to repair.

Police officers uncovered an intricate web of deceit.


Martyr (noun)

DEFINITION: a person who suffers very much or is killed because of their political or religious beliefs, and is often admired because of it

Synonyms: sufferer, victim

Sentence: She fought against racism all her life and died a martyr to the cause.


Merits (Noun)

DEFINITION: the quality of being good and deserving praise

Synonyms: value, advantage

Sentence:

Her book has the merits of being both informative and readable.

We discussed the merits of herbal tea.


Mired (verb/adj.)

DEFINITION: to be involved in a difficult situation, especially for a long period of time

Synonyms: stalled, stuck, delayed

Sentence: The peace talks are mired in bureaucracy.


Paradigm (Noun)

DEFINITION: a model of something, or a very clear and typical example of something.

Synonyms: model, way of thinking

Sentence: Some educators are hoping to produce a change in the current cultural paradigm.


Presumption (noun)

DEFINITION: A belief that something is true without having any proof.

Synonyms: assumption, guess

Sentence:The presumption of innocence is central to the justice system.

There is no scientific evidence to support such presumptions.


Procure (verb)

  • DEFINITION: to get something, especially after an effort

Synonyms: get, obtain, acquire

Sentence: She's managed somehow to procure his telephone number.


Punitive (Adjective)

DEFINITION: intended as a punishment

Synonyms: disciplinary, corrective

Sentence: Detention is meant to be punitive, not fun.


Recovery (noun)

DEFINITION: the process of getting back something lost, especially health, ability, possessions, etc.

Synonyms: revival, healing, improvement

Sentence: Mira made a speedy recovery from the operation.

At last the economy is showing signs of recovery.


Refraction (Noun)

DEFINITION: When water or glass, etc. refracts light or sound, etc., it causes it to change direction or to separate when it travels through it

Synonyms: distortion, deflection

Sentence: The glass prism refracted the white light into the colors of the rainbow.


Resplendent (adj.)

DEFINITION: having a very bright or splendid appearance.

Synonyms: dazzling, splendid, stunning, brilliant

Sentence: I saw Anna at the other end of the room, resplendent in a red sequined cocktail dress.


Revered (adj.)

DEFINITION: to greatly respect and admire someone or something

Synonyms: admired, respected, venerated

Sentence: Nelson Mandela is revered for his brave fight against apartheid.


Solace (Noun)

DEFINITION: help and comfort when you are feeling sad or worried

Synonyms: comfort, support

Sentence: When his wife left him, he found solace in friends.

Music was a great solace to me.


Vantage (noun)

DEFINITION: a particular personal way of thinking or set of opinions OR a place, especially a high place, which provides a good clear view of an area

Synonyms: angle, perspective

Sentence: From our lofty vantage point, we could see the city spread out below us.


Uniform (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences.

Synonyms: unvarying, homogeneous, undifferentiated, consistent, identical

Sentence: Military personnel are expected to be uniform in dress and behavior. OR Gatby’s mannersisms are not uniform; they change depending upon whom he is with.


Vehicle (Noun)

DEFINITION: A medium or device through which something is transmitted, expressed, or accomplished.

Synonyms: medium, means, channel, mechanism

Sentence: She uses her artwork as a vehicle to express her political beliefs. OR Tonight’s performance is a vehicle for her to display her talents.


Virtually (Adv.)

DEFINITION: Slightly short of or not quite accomplished.

Synonyms: almost, nearly, about, practically

Sentence: Virtually everyone signed the contract. OR After 12 hours, the job is virtually done.


Widespread (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Widely circulated or spread out.

Synonyms: common, popular, sweeping, broad, extensive

Sentence: There have been widespread layoffs in the last two years. OR There is widespread fear of the effects of global warming.


Visual (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Of or relating to sight; capable of being seen.

Synonyms: optical, observable, visible

Sentence: Most people are visual learners, not auditory. OR There was no visual evidence to support his argument.


English ii2

English II

2nd Semester

Vocabulary


Abscond (V.)

DEFINITION: To run away secretly.

Synonyms: escape, flee, sneak away

Sentence: The prisoner plans to abscond from his cell at midnight.


Abstract (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Existing only in the mind; dealing with something without purpose or intention.

Synonyms: theoretical, complex, hypothetical

Sentence: Truth, pride, and other non-physical character traits are abstract.


Aggregate (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Amounting to a whole; total

Synonyms: mass, collective, collected

Sentence: The aggregate number of goals scored after two games is 20.


Allocation (N.)

DEFINITION: A share set aside for a specific purpose.

Synonyms: allotment, allowance, rationing

Sentence: Every month, my parents have an allocation of money they save for our vacation.


Alter (V.)

DEFINITION: To change.

Synonyms: modify, change, transform

Sentence: We had to alter our plans because of the weather.


Apathetic (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Having or showing little or no feeling or emotion.

Synonyms: indifferent, uninterested, listless

Sentence: All who are in favor should voice their opinions and stop being so apathetic.


Bond (N.)

DEFINITION: A uniting force or tie; something that fastens or connects things together.

Synonyms: tie, link, connection

Sentence: The bond between the man and his dog was so great that they could not live without each other.


Cacophony (N.)

DEFINITION: A harsh discordance of sounds; a meaningless mixture of sounds.

Synonyms: discord, noise, clamor

Sentence: He could not hear over the cacophony of instruments in the band room.


Capable (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Having power and ability.

Synonyms: efficient, accomplished, adequate

Sentence: You are capable of doing anything you put your mind to.


Capacity (N.)

DEFINITION: Maximum amount that can be contained; power of receiving impressions, knowledge

Synonyms: expanse; ability, competency

Sentence: He had a large mental capacity for remembering names and birthdays.


Cavort (V.)

DEFINITION: To play in a lively manner.

Synonyms: frolic, rollick, romp

Sentence: Children like to cavort in the water, splashing each other.


Celerity (N.)

DEFINITION: A rate that is rapid.

Synonyms: rapidness, speediness, quickness

Sentence: A doctor must respond with celerity to an emergency situation.


Cited (V.)

DEFINITION: Made reference to.

Synonyms: mentioned, referred, brought up

Sentence: The class cited the literature as evidence in their essays.


Clause (N.)

DEFINITION: A group of words containing a subject and a predicate (verb).

Synonyms:

Sentence: An independent clause is a complete sentence; a dependent clause is not.


Clout (N.)

DEFINITION: Power or influence.

Synonyms: pull, authority, prestige

Sentence: People who keep their word have more clout than those who make empty promises.


Colossal (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Extraordinarily great in size, extent, or degree.

Synonyms: gigantic, huge, enormous

Sentence: She made a colossal mistake by letting her reckless friend borrow her car.


Consultation (N.)

DEFINITION: A meeting for deliberation, discussion, or decision.

Synonyms: conference, discussion, meeting

Sentence: The patient had a consultation with his doctor about his test results.


Cooperative (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Working or acting together willingly for a common purpose or benefit.

Synonyms: collaborative

Sentence: Because the criminal was so cooperative with police, they reduced his sentence.


Credence (N.)

DEFINITION: Acceptance as valid or truth.

Synonyms: trust, assurance, belief

Sentence: Do not give credence to gossip.


Debilitate (V.)

DEFINITION: To make weak or feeble.

Synonyms: exhaust, weaken

Sentence: Being without food and water greatly debilitated the lost hikers.


Diversity (N.)

DEFINITION: The state or quality of being different.

Synonyms: variety, multiplicity

Sentence: Cultural diversity can be identified by the variety of languages spoken in a country.


Domain (N.)

DEFINITION: A particular environment or walk of life.

Synonyms: specialty, arena, area, field

Sentence: The study of English is in my domain; mathematics is not.


Enigmatic (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Difficult to understand; confusing.

Synonyms: puzzling, ambiguous, incomprehensible

Sentence: Understanding teenagers is often difficult because of their enigmatic behaviors.


Ephemeral (Adj.)

DEFINITION: Lasting for a short time.

Synonyms: brief, temporary, transient

Sentence: A fly has an ephemeral life span.


Equanimity (N.)

DEFINITION: Calmness of temperament.

Synonyms: composure, poise, serenity, coolness

Sentence: It’s important to maintain your equanimity during stressful situations.


Week 3
Week 3

  • Equivalent (adj)

    Def: equal in value, measure, force, effect, significance, etc.:

    - His silence is equivalent to an admission of guilt.


Week 31
Week 3

  • Erroneously (adj)

  • Def: containing an error or mistake

    -The news erroneously wrote “Obama” bin laden rather than Osama bin laden


Week 32
Week 3

  • Euphoric (adj)

    Def: a feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being sometimes exaggerated in pathological states as mania.

    -Diving in the Great Barrier Reef gives one a sense of euphoria.


Week 33
Week 3

  • Expansion (n)

  • Def: the act or process of expanding

    -The school expanded the building as more students enrolled.


Week 34
Week 3

  • Explicit (adj)

    Def: fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied; unequivocal:

    - The teacher gave explicit instructions for homework.


Week 35
Week 3

  • Extol (v)-

    Def: to praise highly

    -The people would extol their king as if he were a God.


Week 36
Week 3

  • Fester (v)

    Def: to putrefy or rot.

    -The untreated wound was left to fester.


Week 37
Week 3

  • Fissure (n)

    Def: a narrow opening produced by cleavage or separation of parts.

    - The earthquake created fissures between the neighborhoods.


Week 38
Week 3

  • Flagrantly (adj)

    Def: in flagrant manner( flagrant: shockingly noticeable or evident; obvious)

    - The candidates flagrantly expressed their anger towards each other.


Week 39
Week 3

  • Fundamental (adj)

    Def: serving as, or being an essential part of; basic

    - Using formulas is fundamental part of solving math problems.


Week 310
Week 3

  • Gambol (v)

    Def: to skip about, as in dancing or playing; frolic.

    - A deer gamboled on the field.


Week 311
Week 3

  • Gender (n)

  • Def: Any of the categories, such as masculine, feminine, neuter or common, with such a set

    - Employers cannot discriminate workers based on gender.


Week 312
Week 3

  • Generated (adj)

    Def: brought into existence; produced

    -The graphics and animations were computer generated.


Week 4
Week 4

  • Incidence (n)

    Def: the rate or range of occurrence or influence of something, especially of something unwanted

    - the high incidence of heart disease in men over 40.


Week 41
Week 4

  • Incredulity (n)

    Def: the quality or state of being incredulous; inability or unwillingness to believe.

    -When her son told her he was late getting home because of a UFO, she expressed her incredulity.


Week 42
Week 4

  • Indiscretion (n)

    Def: lack of discretion; imprudence.

    -His indiscretion ruined all the relationships he has had.


Week 43
Week 4

  • Indiscretion (n)

  • Def: The characteristic of not being sneaky

    - His indiscretion keeps him from being a ninja.


Week 44
Week 4

  • Initiatives (n)

    Def: an introductory act or step; leading action:

    - When you first get to school, initiative in making friends is necessary.


Week 45
Week 4

  • Languid (adj)

    Def: lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow

    - When discussing important topics, KRod talks in a languid manner.


Week 46
Week 4

  • Liberal (adj)

    Def: favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs

    -Democrats have liberal views on abortion.


Week 47
Week 4

  • Linger (v)

    Def: to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave

    -We lingered awhile after the party.


Week 48
Week 4

Lucid (adj)

Def: easy to understand

-a lucid explanation.


Week 49
Week 4

  • Marginal (adj)

  • Def: close to a limit; not considered important

    -It was a simple marginal error.


Week 410
Week 4

  • Monitoring (v)

  • Def: to serve as a monitor, detector, supervisor, etc.

    -The government monitors some phone conversations.


Week 411
Week 4

  • Nemesis (n)

    Def: something that a person cannot conquer, achieve, etc.

    -The performance test proved to be my nemesis.


Week 412
Week 4

  • Nevertheless (adv)

    Def: nonetheless; however

    - a small but nevertheless important change.


Week 5
Week 5

  • Objective (Adj)

    Def: not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice; unbiased

    - A judge has to be objective overseer.


Week 51
Week 5

  • Obtuse (adj)

    Def: not quick or alert in perception, feeling, or intellect; not sensitive or observant; dull.

    - Many people have stereotypes that blonds are obtuse.


Week 52
Week 5

  • Palpitate (v)

  • Def: to flutter or tremble

  • His heart palpitated wildly.


Week 53
Week 5

  • Panache (n)

  • Def: a grand or flamboyant manner

    -In The Great Gatsby, Gatsby has panache


Week 54
Week 5

  • Pernicious (adj)

  • Def: causing grave harm; deadly

  • The Black Plague is a pernicious disease.


Week 55
Week 5

  • Plausible (adj)

    Def: seemingly valid or acceptable

    -His theory of the Clippers being better then the Lakers is plausible.


Week 56
Week 5

  • Poignant (adj)

    Def: profoundly moving, touching

    - The scene in the movie was so poignant that people started to cry.


Week 57
Week 5

  • Preceding (adj)

  • Def: previous

  • Refer back to the footnote on the preceding page.


Week 58
Week 5

  • Predilection (n)

  • Def: a tendency to think favorably about something in particular

  • KRod has a predilection for Clippers.


Week 59
Week 5

  • Prime (adj)

  • Def: first in importance; fundamental

    - The prime source of production of honey is bees.


Week 510
Week 5

  • Profusion (n)

  • Def: abundance; great quantity

    -profusion of food in Africa would alleviate the starvation problems.


Week 511
Week 5

  • Pursue (v)

  • Def: to follow closely or accompany

    -The police pursued the suspect.


Week 512
Week 5

  • Rational (adj)

  • Def: of sound mind

    Monks are by far the most rational people.


Week 6
Week 6

  • Revealed (v)

  • To make known

  • It was revealed to Luke that Darth Vader was his father.


Week 61
Week 6

  • Savor (n)

  • Def: a distinctive quality or property

  • You must savor the flavors of a great piece of food, no matter what it is.


Week 62
Week 6

  • Scope (n)

  • Def: range of view, perception, grasp, or outlook

  • The scope of vision one has looking out at sea ends at the horizon.


Week 63
Week 6

  • Sojourn (n)

  • Def: A temporary stay

  • They had to make an unexpected sojourn in La Habra for the night.


Week 64
Week 6

  • Stability (n)

  • Def: continuous without change

  • In this recession financial stability is hard to find.


Week 65
Week 6

  • Subsidiary (adj)

  • Def: serving to aid or supplement

    -Vitamins are subsidiary to child’s growth.


Week 66
Week 6

  • Succumb (v)

  • Def: to give way to superior force

  • He succumbed to the dark side after the promise of cookies.


Week 67
Week 6

  • Surmise (v)

  • Def: to think or infer without strong evidence

  • He surmised that his girlfriend was cheating on him.


Week 68
Week 6

  • Sustainable (v)

  • Def: to keep up or keep going

  • The land must be sustainable for life before people move in.


Week 69
Week 6

  • Symbiotic (n)

  • Def: a similar relationship between interdependent persons or groups

  • When a fish and a sea anemone live together, that is a symbiotic relationship.


Week 610
Week 6

  • Transformation (n)

  • Def: change in form, appearance, nature, or character

  • In the movie Transformers, the cars go through multiple transformations between robot and car.


Week 611
Week 6

  • Transport (v)

  • Def: to carry or cause to go from one place to another

  • They transported the prisoner form one jail to another.


Week 612
Week 6

  • Trend (n)

  • Def: general tendency or direction

  • It is hard to keep up with all the trends these days because they change so much.


Week 7
Week 7

  • Trepidation (n)

  • Def: a state of fear or anxiety

  • It is hard to overcome trepidation.


Week 71
Week 7

  • Underlying (adj.)

  • Def: to be at the basis of

  • Algebra is an underlying curriculum for college math.


Week 72
Week 7

  • Utility (n)

  • Def: the quality of practical use; usefulness

    -This chemical has no utility as an agricultural fertilizer .


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