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1. Temperate Deciduous Forest Science Project
2. What is the definition of your biome? A temperate deciduous forest has four seasons, many animals and a lot of rain. The trees are deciduous which means the leaves change color and fall off in winter.
3. Plant life in my biome: A temperate forest has three levels of plants:
1 – lichen, moss, ferns, wildflowers, and small plants on the forest floor.
2 – Shrubs fill the middle level
3 – The third level contains hardwood trees like maple, oak, birch, magnolia, sweet gum and beech. Conifers (spruce, fir and pine trees) are also mixed in.
4. Animal Life in the Temperate Deciduous Forest There’s great diversity of animals. There are a lot of insects, spiders, frogs, salamanders, turtles, and slugs.
Examples of birds include hawks, cardinals, blue jays, eagles, snowy owls and woodpeckers.
Mammals include deer, bobcats, chipmunks, squirrels, raccoons, black bears, possums, porcupines and red foxes.
5. Where are temperate forests found? Temperate forests are located in the eastern U.S., western Europe, China, Korea, Japan and Australia, and a tiny bit at the tip of South America.
6. How do plants adapt to the conditions (light, soil and precipitation) of your biome? Give at least two examples. Forest plants need to live near or in water. They also need to live in clay and acidic soil.
Deciduous trees can form a canopy blocking sunlight to plants on the forest floor. In order to adapt, some flowers reach full growth in early spring before the tree leaves grow out.
7. How do animals adapt to the conditions (light, soil, precipitation) of your biome? Give at least two examples. Some animals are nocturnal. They come out at night when it isn’t so bright.
In cold winter months, some animals hibernate. Others, like squirrels, chipmunks and blue jays collect acorns and seeds and store in hollows of trees.
8. How does weather affect the conditions (light, soil, precipitation of your biome? Give at least two examples. There’s a lot of rain and a lot of erosion, it carries dirt with it.
Most temperate forests get their precipitation in the winter and spring seasons. In winter, it comes in the form of sleet, snow and hail, and in spring, it comes in the form of rain.
9. How do humans affect the conditions (light, soil, precipitation) of your biome? Give at least two examples. Humans have developed some of the temperate forest land and cut down trees for timber. Less than one quarter of the original forests remain.
Humans create pollution by running factories and driving cars and that leads to acid rain. Acid rain hurts the forest.
10. What are some other interesting bits of information about your biome? Give at least two examples. Temperate forests cover about 32 million square miles of the earth’s surface.
The American Beech tree is used to make furniture and paper.
The American Beech tree is from 90 to 100 feet tall.
The bald eagle’s name in Latin means “the sea eagle with a white head.”
11. More interesting facts: North Carolina is located within the temperate deciduous forest global biome.
One of the many places to experience the diversity of animal and plant life in N.C. is at Grandfather Mountain.
On the west side of Mount Mitchell in North Carolina, half of the red spruce and fir trees are dead. Scientists believe this is because of acid rain.