Ideational Grammar. Transitivity describes the kinds of processes that can be expressed in a clause and the number and kinds of participants therein (nuclear transitivity) describes the circumstantial elements that accompany a process (circumstantial transitivity. Ideational Grammar.
Quite recently the Norwegians were whaling off Greenland.
Peter opened the door.
The door opened.
He walked her home.
She walked (for an hour).
She drove (down the coast).
She drove him (down the coast).
I built a gazebo for the kids. (Client)
She gave a teapot to his aunt. (Recipient)
They climbed a mountain.
test: *what did they do to the mountain? (unlike Goal)
The man knew too much.
The man knew too much.
I like swimming in the morning.
Her tasks interested her.
The witness heard her threatening him.
He thought that the moon was a balloon.
wide range of realizations of the Phenomenon (nominal groups, adverbial groups, verbal groups, projected clauses); unlike Goal in material processes
This girl is very energetic.
This girl is an energetic type.
Peter is the boss.
The boss is Peter.
Chien means dog.
The reservoir functions as emergency supply.
She told me a funny story.
The note says that he went back to the office.
The sign indicates that his office is left of the entrance.
(1)The cat chased the mouse.
(2) The cat jumped.
(3) The prime minister resigned.
(4) The mayor dissolved the committee.
(5)Mary liked the gift.
(6)The gift pleased Mary.
(7)Mary is smart.
(8) Mary is the boss.
(9)The workshop is on Friday.
(10) Tomorrow is the 25th.
(11) Carl has a trombone.
(12) The trombone belongs to Carl.
(13)John said (to me) 'I'm hungry'.
(14)John said (to me) that he was hungry.
(15)He told me a pack of lies.
(16)He told me to buzz off.
There are many species of whales. They are conveniently divided
into toothed and baleen whales. The toothed whales are found world-
wide in great numbers. The largest is the Sperm whale, which grows
to about the size of a boxcar. Other species familiar to Canadians are
the Beluga or white whales, the Narwhal with ist unicorn-like tusk,
the Killer whale or Ocra, the Pilot or Pothead whale, which is commonly
stranded on beaches, the Spotted and Spinner Dolphins that create a
problem for tuna seiners, and the Porpoises which we commonly see
along our shores.
There are fewer species of the larger baleen whales, that filterkrill and
small fish through their baleen plates. The largestis the Blue whale
which is seen frequently in the Gulf of St Lawrence. It reaches a length
of 100 feet and a weight of 200 tons. The young are25 feet long at birth
and gainabout 200 lbs a day on their milk diet.
(Martin, W.R., 1989. Innovative fisheries management: international
My name‘s Laura and his is my place. I turned ten last week. Our
house is the one with the flag on the window. Tony says it shows
we‘re on Aboriginal land, but I think it means the colour of the earth,
back home. Mum and Dad live here too, and Terry and Lorraine, and
Aunty Bev, and Tony and Diane and their baby Dean. He‘s my nephew
and he‘s so cute! We come from Bourke, but Dad thought there‘d be
more jobs in the city. This [picture] is me and Gully. I have to keep her
on a lead because she chases cars. She comes from Bourke too. I guess
she thinks they are sheep. This is a map of my place. We‘ve got
McDonalds right on the corner!
(Wheatley N., 1989. My place)