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Present forms. Made by Diana Yerzhina , LB1-11-40. Present. Simple (fact). Perfect (result). Perfect Progressive (result of process). Progressive (process). Present Simple Tense (do+V1). Examples of using. facts and permanent states Mark works for an advertising company.

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Present forms

Present forms

Made by Diana Yerzhina, LB1-11-40


Present

Present

Simple

(fact)

Perfect

(result)

Perfect Progressive

(result of process)

Progressive

(process)


Present forms

Present Simple Tense

(do+V1)


Examples of using

Examples of using

  • facts and permanent states

    Mark works for an advertising company.

  • general truths and laws of nature

    Oil floats on water.

  • habits and routines

    He usually goes jogging in the mornings.

  • timetables and programs (in the future)

    The plane to Madrid takes off at 6:30 pm.

  • sporting commentaries, reviews and narrations

    Beckham wins the ball, then he crosses and Owen scores.

  • feelings and emotions

    I love Paris, because it is a beautiful city.


Present forms

Present Progressive Tense

(be+V4)


Examples of using1

Examples of using

  • actions taking place at or around the moment of speaking

    The kids are playing video games in the living room.

  • temporary situations

    They are painting the house.

  • fixed arrangements in the near future

    I am going to a party tonight.

  • currently changing and developing situations

    The rivers are becoming more and more polluted.

  • expressing of anger or irritation at a repeated action (with adverbs such as always)

    She is always biting her nails when someone talks to her.


Present forms

Present Perfect Tense

(have+V3)


Examples of using2

Examples of using

  • actions which happened at an unstated time in the past. The exact time is not mentioned, because the action is more important.

    Tom has broken his arm.

  • actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present

    Kim has been a chef since 1985.

  • actions which have recently finished and their results are visible in the present

    I have painted the kitchen. Doesn’t it look nice?

  • talking about an experience

    They have travelled through Europe.


Present forms

Present Perfect Progressive Tense

(have+been+V4)

* Special questions are not used in Present Prefect Progressive Tense, because it is too hard to construct this form. (Jenny Dooley, Virginia Evans)


Examples of using3

Examples of using

  • an action which started in the past and continues up to the present

    She has been typing letters for three hours.

  • an action which has recently finished and its result is evident now

    They are tired. They have been working for nine hours.

  • expressing irritation

    Where were you? I have been waiting for you for two hours!


Resources

Resources

  • Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley

    «Enterprise. Grammar 2. Student’s book».

  • Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley

    «Upstream. Pre-intermediate B1. Student’s book».


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