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In this presentation we are going to explain what is graphic design, what is its scope, and its importance in our day to day life. graphic design scope of graphic design importance of graphic design

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The Elements &

Principles of Design

  • By: ADMEC Multimedia Institute

www.admecindia.co.in


Introduction
Introduction

  • Hi..here I'm giving you the basic

  • overview about the Elements and

  • Principles of Designing.

  • The presentation will give you a

  • good understanding about the

  • significance, meaning and the

  • types of designing elements and

  • principles .

What are they??

Why they were used??


Significance of the topic
Significance of the Topic

Sometimes we have to give our

opinion about likes or dislikes on a

piece of art or a design, and it’s easy to

say just “ I like this, or I don’t like

that…”. But if we are asked to give the

reasons for it , then it proves to be a

very difficult to find out the reason.

This generally happens because we

judge the designs on its appeal rather

than on its articulate sub-factors.

Therefore it’s imperative to know the

meaning and the types of the designing

elements and principles.

Can you evaluate this piece of art???


A designer can express his thought & intentions with the elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

Designer who knows the design Elements & Principles can evaluate

the design/page in terms of line, color, balance, texture, etc.

Designing Elements and Principles proves to be an analyzing frame for

the designers.

Now, let us discus these Elements & Principles!!!


  • Elements elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Of

  • Design


Meaning
Meaning elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

“Elements of Design are the components or part which can be isolated & defined in any visual design or work of art. They structure and carry the work.”


Basic elements of design
Basic Elements of Design elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Following are the seven basic elements of design which are common throughout the field of designing.

  • Point / Mark

  • Line

  • Shape

  • Forms

  • Space

  • Color

  • Texture

Can someone tell us about the Elements of Design???


Point (Mark) elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • A point or mark is the smallest and most basic element . It can vary in size, value, regularity or irregularity, and can be used alone as a unit in a group.

  • Marks can be used to form a value or pattern ( placed close together forms a darker value, further apart forms a lighter value), or to delineate space ( larger means closer,etc.)


Line elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • A line is a form with width and length, but no depth.

  • Artist use lines to create edges, the outlines of objects. The direction of a line can convey mood.

  • Broadly lines can be categorized into three types

  • Horizontal

  • Vertical

  • Diagonal


Example of elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.Horizontal Lines

  • Horizontal lines are calm and quiet.


Example of elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.Vertical Lines

  • Vertical lines suggest more of a potential for movement.


Example of elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.Diagonal Lines

  • Diagonal lines strongly suggest movements and give more of a

    feeling of vitality to a picture.


Shape elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Shape is defined as an area that stands out from the space next to or around it due to a defined or implied boundary, or because of differences of value, color, or texture.

  • A shape is formed when a line encloses an area.

  • Shapes have two dimensions, length and width and can be geometric or free-form.


Forms elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Forms describes volumes and mass, or the 3D aspects of objects that take up space.

  • Forms can and should be viewed from any angles.

    For example: When you hold a baseball, or a small sculpture, you are aware of their curves, angles, indentations, & edges i.e. their forms.


Space elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Space is a 3D volume that can be empty or filled with objects. It has width, height, and depth.

  • Space that appears three- dimensional in a 2D painting is an illusion that creates a feeling of actual depth.

  • Several techniques can be used to show such visual depth or space, for example, overlapping, linear perspective, etc..

Example for Overlapping


Other Examples elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

Detail (aerial or atmospheric perspective)

Linear perspective ( converging lines )


Color elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Color has three properties. The first is hue, which is the name of the colors.

    - the primary hue are Yellow, Red, and Blue.

    - secondary colors are made by mixing two primaries.

    - intermediate colors are mixtures of a primary & adjacent secondary

    color.

  • The second property is Value, which refers to the lightness or darkness of hue.

  • The third property is Intensity, which refers to the purity of the hue also known as “Chroma”.


Examples elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

Value Scale

Color Wheel


Texture elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Texture refers to the surface quality, both simulated and actual, of

    artwork.


  • Principles elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Of

  • Design


Meaning1
Meaning elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

“ThePrinciples of Design are the artistic guidelines used to organize or arrange the structural elements of design.”


Basic principles of designing
Basic Principles of Designing elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Following are the six basic principles of effective design which are common throughout the field of designing (i.e. from print design to lithography, typography, & industrial design).

  • Balance

  • Contrast

  • Emphasis

  • Pattern

  • Rhythm/Movement

  • Unity

Principles

??????


Balance elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Balance refers to the appropriate arrangement of objects in a design to create the impression of equality in weight or importance. Balance provides stability and structure to a design. Balance may be symmetrical and asymmetrical, but the goal should be to achieve equilibrium.

  • Symmetrical Balance can be described as having equal “weight” on equal sides of a centrally placed fulcrum. It is also known as formal balance.

  • Asymmetrical Balance is more complex and difficult top envisage. It involves placement of objects in a way that will allow objects of varying visual weight to balance one another around a fulcrum point. It is also known as informal balance.


Examples elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

Balance is informal when sides are not

exactly symmetrical, but the resulting image is still balanced.

Balance is formal when both sides are

symmetrical in terms of arrangement.


Rhythm elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Rhythm or movement is regarded as a visual temp or beat. It refers to a regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of a movement.

  • Rhythm can be achieved through the careful placement of repeated components. It can be directed for example, along edges & by means of shape and colour.

  • Rhythm can be categorized Random, Regular, Alternating, Progressive, and Flowing.


Emphasis elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • The term emphasis literally means to give importance.

  • Emphasis in designing refers to give special attention to one part of a work of art.

  • It can be achieved through placement, contrast, colour, size, repetition, etc.

    For example: A dark shape in a light composition


Contrast elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Contrast refers to the juxtaposition of different elements of design (for example: rough & smooth textures, dark & light values)in order to highlight their differences or create visual interest , or a focal point.

  • Contrast allows us to emphasize or highlight key elements in your design.


Pattern elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Pattern in a design simply refers to keeping your design in a certain format.

  • It is often described as a regular arrangement of alternated or repeated elements (shapes, lines, colors) or motifs.

    For example: One could plan to have curved lines all around a design as

    a pattern.


Unity elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

  • Unity refers to the arrangement of elements to give the viewer the feeling that all the parts of the design or piece form a coherent whole i.e. designs must be in harmony in which all sections of the pattern make other sections feel complete.

  • It enables the design to be seen as one complete piece of art or design.


Absolute examples of Designing Elements & Principles!!! elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

One can create such aesthetic piece of art if he strictly

adhere to all Elements & Principles of Designing.

Paintings by student of ADMEC


Compiled By elements of design and does it effectively along with the design principles, i.e. they serves as an expressing tool for designers.

PoojaJindal

ADMEC Multimedia Institute

For more info you can visit

www.admecindia.co.in

For course related enquiry, ring us at:

9811-81-81-22, 011-3130-5055, 011-3203-5055

Can send feedback at: @admecinstitute


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